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iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

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The growth dynamics of East European Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) populations - a Lithuanian field trial

Edgaras Linkevičius (1), Giedrius Šidlauskas (1), Almantas Kliučius (1), Emilis Armoška (2), Marius Mikalajunas (1), Diana Sidabriene (1), Paulina Andriuškevičiute (1), Algirdas Augustaitis (1)   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 59-68 (2024)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor4359-016
Published: Mar 06, 2024 - Copyright © 2024 SISEF

Research Articles


For the native Lithuanian Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) population, rapidly changing climatic conditions raise new issues, related to survivability and resistance of local provenances to biotic and abiotic stressors. The aim of this study is to revise and update the findings of Abraitis & Ericsson (1996) who assessed the productivity of Scots pine provenances following 22 years of growth. In this study, we assessed the productivity of same provenances following 39 years of growth. This study was done based on a long-term pine provenance research experiment established in 1975 in Lithuania, as an integral part of the Prokazyn investigation that was launched across the former USSR. Our results indicate a clear effect of latitude as well as longitude on the mean stand performance values of Scots pine provenances. With increasing latitude, mean height, mean quadratic diameter and the volume of growing trees per hectare had a clear decreasing tendency. Except for the mean squared diameter, the impact of the longitude was the same on the mean stand height and the volume of growing trees per hectare. Ranking of Scots pine provenances based on breeding indices showed that provenances that were identified as the most productive ones by Abraitis & Ericsson (1996) after 17 years of growth, lost their top positions after 39 years of growth. In the case of demand for genetically improved planting material, it could be recommended to use southerner populations which demonstrate higher growth intensity up to 39 years.

  Keywords


Scots Pine Provenances, Latitude, Longitude, Radial Growth, Seasonal Effects, Climatic Indicators

Authors’ address

(1)
Edgaras Linkevičius 0000-0001-7777-8353
Giedrius Šidlauskas 0009-0001-6262-4498
Almantas Kliučius 0000-0001-9135-766x
Marius Mikalajunas
Diana Sidabriene
Paulina Andriuškevičiute
Algirdas Augustaitis 0000-0003-3938-3611
Vytautas Magnus university, Agriculture Academy, Faculty of Forest Sciences and Ecology, Studentu 13, Akademija, LT-53362 Kaunas distr. (Lithuania)
(2)
Emilis Armoška 0009-0007-8000-5168
Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Instituto al. 1, Akademija, LT-58344 Kedainiai (Lithuania)

Corresponding author

 
Algirdas Augustaitis
algirdas.augustaitis@vdu.lt

Citation

Linkevičius E, Šidlauskas G, Kliučius A, Armoška E, Mikalajunas M, Sidabriene D, Andriuškevičiute P, Augustaitis A (2024). The growth dynamics of East European Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) populations - a Lithuanian field trial. iForest 17: 59-68. - doi: 10.3832/ifor4359-016

Academic Editor

Andrea Cutini

Paper history

Received: Apr 07, 2023
Accepted: Nov 28, 2023

First online: Mar 06, 2024
Publication Date: Apr 30, 2024
Publication Time: 3.30 months

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