iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Breeding and improvement of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) with a special focus on Hungary: a review

Tamás Ábri (1-2), Klára Cseke (3)   , Zsolt Keserü (1), Alexandra Porcsin (4), Fruzsina Magdolna Szabó (5), Károly Rédei (5)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 16, Issue 5, Pages 290-298 (2023)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor4254-016
Published: Oct 28, 2023 - Copyright © 2023 SISEF

Research Articles

Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) is a multipurpose tree species native to North America commonly planted worldwide for its resistant and durable wood, rapid growth, site tolerance, honey production, and other qualities. However, caution is warranted when planting the species outside its native range due to its potential invasiveness with respect to the native flora. Many countries, particularly Hungary and China, have been conducting forestry research on black locust for decades to increase black locust yields, nectar production, and stem quality. The main breeding objectives, such as fast growth, superior trunk quality or higher nectar production, have already been achieved. Existing reviews on this tree species do not cover the whole research history of breeding, making a comprehensive review increasingly critical to identify research gaps, trends, and drawbacks. The present study offers a systematic analysis of nearly 100 papers spanning the last century and the most recent research on black locust improvement. This study also includes a detailed summary of the available cultivars and clone selections worldwide.


Tree Improvement, Selected Cultivars, Wood Production, Apiculture

Authors’ address

Tamás Ábri 0000-0002-0317-0975
Zsolt Keserü 0000-0003-1123-8447
Department of Plantation Forestry, Forest Research Institute, University of Sopron, Farkassziget 3, H-4150 Püspökladány (Hungary)
Tamás Ábri 0000-0002-0317-0975
Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Crop Sciences, University of Debrecen, Böszörményi Str. 138, H-4032 Debrecen (Hungary)
Klára Cseke 0000-0002-1728-5167
Department of Tree Breeding, Forest Research Institute, University of Sopron, Várkerület 30/A, H-9600 Sárvár; (Hungary):
Alexandra Porcsin
Faculty of Forestry, Institute of Natural Resources and Forest Management, University of Sopron, Bajcsy-Zsilinszky Str. 4, H-9400, Sopron (Hungary)
Fruzsina Magdolna Szabó 0000-0001-7977-5586
Károly Rédei
Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Animal Science, Biotechnology and Nature, University of Debrecen, Böszörményi Str. 138, H-4032 Debrecen (Hungary)

Corresponding author



Ábri T, Cseke K, Keserü Z, Porcsin A, Szabó FM, Rédei K (2023). Breeding and improvement of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) with a special focus on Hungary: a review. iForest 16: 290-298. - doi: 10.3832/ifor4254-016

Academic Editor

Pierluigi Paris

Paper history

Received: Oct 28, 2022
Accepted: Aug 16, 2023

First online: Oct 28, 2023
Publication Date: Oct 31, 2023
Publication Time: 2.43 months

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