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iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

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Fine root morphological traits and production in coniferous- and deciduous-tree forests with drained and naturally wet nutrient-rich organic soils in hemiboreal Latvia

Arta Bardule, Kaspars Polmanis, Linards Ludis Krumšteds, Andis Bardulis, Andis Lazdinš   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 165-173 (2023)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor4186-016
Published: Jun 08, 2023 - Copyright © 2023 SISEF

Research Articles


Fine root production is one of the key elements of carbon (C) turnover in soil in afforested peatlands and forest lands with organic soils. We estimated variability in fine root morphology traits and annual production in hemiboreal forests dominated by coniferous trees (Norway spruce) and deciduous trees (silver birch and black alder) with nutrient-rich organic soils in Latvia. In total, 23 research sites were established in drained and naturally wet forests of different ages, and ingrowth core techniques were used to sample fine roots and subsequently determine fine root morphology traits and annual production, and calculate C input through fine root litter. Significant differences in several fine root morphological traits between coniferous- and deciduous-trees-dominated stands were found. Fine root production tended to be higher in coniferous-trees-dominated stands and positively correlated with several forest stand characteristics: stand age, average tree diameter at breast height, basal area and average tree height, but negatively correlated with nitrogen and phosphorus content in soil. C input through fine root litter ranged up to 0.46 ± 0.16 t ha-1 yr-1. It is necessary to conduct further research, including multi-annual estimates in a wider set of forest stands with diverse dominant tree species and growing conditions, to improve estimates, patterns and understanding of C flows through fine root litter in drained and naturally wet organic soils.

  Keywords


Fine Roots, Hemiboreal Forests, Drained Organic Soil, Naturally Wet Organic Soil, Fine Root Production, Morphology

Authors’ address

(1)
Arta Bardule 0000-0003-0961-5119
Kaspars Polmanis 0000-0003-2579-353X
Linards Ludis Krumšteds
Andis Bardulis
Andis Lazdinš 0000-0002-7169-2011
Latvian State Forest Research Institute “Silava”, Rigas str. 111, Salaspils, LV-2169 (Latvia)

Corresponding author

 
Andis Lazdinš
andis.lazdins@silava.lv

Citation

Bardule A, Polmanis K, Krumšteds LL, Bardulis A, Lazdinš A (2023). Fine root morphological traits and production in coniferous- and deciduous-tree forests with drained and naturally wet nutrient-rich organic soils in hemiboreal Latvia. iForest 16: 165-173. - doi: 10.3832/ifor4186-016

Academic Editor

Maurizio Ventura

Paper history

Received: Jul 18, 2022
Accepted: Mar 07, 2023

First online: Jun 08, 2023
Publication Date: Jun 30, 2023
Publication Time: 3.10 months

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