iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Seeing, believing, acting: climate change attitudes and adaptation of Hungarian forest managers

Ferenc Jankó (1-2), Laura Bertalan (2), Judit Pappné Vancsó (2), Nikoletta Németh (3), Mónika Hoschek (4), Mónika Lakatos (5), Norbert Móricz (6)   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 15, Issue 6, Pages 509-518 (2022)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3958-015
Published: Dec 14, 2022 - Copyright © 2022 SISEF

Research Articles

Climate change attitudes, perceptions, and adaptation activities of Hungarian forestry managers have been examined in this study through a national questionnaire and interviews. The questionnaire results revealed that respondents are mainly concerned by the decrease in snow-covered days, but differences in opinions can be attributed to geographical location and forest composition. Forest management aimed at climate change adaptation in Hungary is still in the initial phase: only 16% of respondents reported the application of climate change adaptation measures. Many foresters claim legislative constraints frequently hinder their efforts to implement such measures; those who have implemented adaptation measures show an increased concern toward climate change, on average. They have been aware of climate change for a longer time and consider it a serious problem affecting their management activities. The questionnaire results indicate that the adaptations of state forest managers are at about the same level as private foresters. Moreover, a high level of concern combined with nature conservation factors does not hinder adaptation. Nevertheless, interview respondents reported that nature conservation factors are hindrances to adaptation processes.


Climate Change, Forestry Management, Perception, Adaptation, Hungary

Authors’ address

Ferenc Jankó 0000-0003-1149-6745
Department of Social and Economic Geography, Eötvös Loránd University, Pázmány P. St 1c, 1117 Budapest (Hungary)
Ferenc Jankó 0000-0003-1149-6745
Laura Bertalan 0000-0002-1199-9257
Judit Pappné Vancsó
Institute of Ecological Economics, University of Sopron, Erzsébet St. 9, 9400 Sopron (Hungary)
Nikoletta Németh
Institute of Business Studies, University of Sopron, Erzsébet St. 9, 9400 Sopron (Hungary)
Mónika Hoschek
Institute of Economics and International Relations, University of Sopron, Erzsébet St. 9, 9400 Sopron (Hungary)
Mónika Lakatos 0000-0002-3705-0306
Department of Climatology, Hungarian Meteorological Service (OMSZ), Kitaibel P. St. 1, 1024 Budapest (Hungary)
Norbert Móricz 0000-0001-6128-579X
Department of Ecology and Forest Management, Forest Research Institute, University of Sopron, Várkerület 30/A, 9600 Sárvár (Hungary)

Corresponding author



Jankó F, Bertalan L, Pappné Vancsó J, Németh N, Hoschek M, Lakatos M, Móricz N (2022). Seeing, believing, acting: climate change attitudes and adaptation of Hungarian forest managers. iForest 15: 509-518. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3958-015

Academic Editor

Matteo Garbarino

Paper history

Received: Sep 01, 2021
Accepted: Oct 11, 2022

First online: Dec 14, 2022
Publication Date: Dec 31, 2022
Publication Time: 2.13 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 235
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 0
Abstract Page Views: 0
PDF Downloads: 199
Citation/Reference Downloads: 0
XML Downloads: 36

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 588
Overall contacts: 235
Avg. contacts per week: 2.80

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Nov 2020)

(No citations were found up to date. Please come back later)


Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

Akerlof K, Maibach EW, Fitzgerald D, Cedeno AY, Neuman A (2013)
Do people “personally experience” global warming, and if so how, and does it matter? Global Environmental Change 23: 81-91.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Alizoti P, Bastien J-C, Chakraborty D, Klisz MM, Kroon J, Neophytou C, Schueler S, Loo Mv Westergren M, Konnert M, Andonovski V, Andreassen K, Brang P, Brus R, Cvjetković B, Fernández M, Frydl J, Karlsson B, KeserA, Kormutak A, Lavnyy V, Maaten T, Mason B, Mihai G, Monteverdi C, Perić S, Petkova K, Popov EB, Rousi M, Stojnić SM, Tsvetkov I (2022)
Non-native forest tree species in Europe: the question of seed origin in afforestation. Forests 13 (2): 273.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Ameztegui A, Solarik KA, Parkins JR, Houle D, Messier C, Gravel D (2018)
Perceptions of climate change across the Canadian forest sector: the key factors of institutional and geographical environment. PLoS One 13 (6): e0197689.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Andersson E, Keskitalo ECH, Lawrence A (2017)
Adaptation to climate change in forestry: a perspective on forest ownership and adaptation responses. Forests 8: 493.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Barkmann T, Siebert R, Lange A (2017)
Land-use experts’ perception of regional climate change: an empirical analysis from the North German Plain. Climatic Change 144: 287-301.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Bartha D, Berki I, Lengyel A, Rasztovits E, Tiborcz V, Zagyvai G (2018)
Erdötársulások és fafajaik átrendezödési lehetöségei a változó klímában [Estimated shifts of forest communities and tree species during changing climate]. Erdészettudományi Közlemények 8 (1): 163-195. [in Hungarian]
CrossRef | Gscholar
Bihari Z, Babolcsai Gy Bartholy J, Ferenczi Z, Gerhátné Kerényi J, Haszpra L, Homokiné Ujváry K, Kovács T, Lakatos M, Németh A, Pongrácz R, Putsay M, Szabó P, Szépszó G (2018)
Éghajlat [Climate] In: “Magyarország Nemzeti Atlasza - Természeti környezet” [National Atlas of Hungary - Natural environment] (Kocsis K ed). MTA CSFK Földrajztudományi Intézet., Budapest, Hungary, pp. 59-70. [in Hungarian]
Online | Gscholar
Bissonnette JF, Dupras J, Doyon F, Chion C, Tardif J (2017)
Perceptions of small private forest owner’s vulnerability and adaptive capacity to environmental disturbances and climate change: views from a heterogeneous population in Southern Quebec, Canada. Small-Scale Forestry 16: 367-393.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Blades JJ, Klos PZ, Kemp KB, Hall TE, Force JE, Morgan P, Tinkham WT (2016)
Forest managers’ response to climate change science: evaluating the constructs of boundary objects and organizations. Forest Ecology and Management 360: 376-387.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Blennow K (2012)
Adaptation of forest management to climate change among private individual forest owners in Sweden. Forest Policy and Economics 24: 41-47.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Blennow K, Persson J, Tomé M, Hanewinkel M (2012)
Climate change: believing and seeing implies adapting. PLoS One 7 (11): e50182.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Blennow K, Persson J, Persson E, Hanewinkel M (2016)
Forest owners’ response to climate change: university education trumps value profile. PLoS One 11 (5): e0155137.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Bonan GB (2008)
Forests and climate change: forcings, feedbacks, and the climate benefits of forests. Science 320: 1444-1449.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Brace C, Geoghegan H (2010)
Human geographies of climate change: landscape, temporality, and lay knowledge. Progress in Human Geography 35 (3): 284-302.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Broomell SB, Budescu DV, Por HH (2015)
Personal experience with climate change predicts intentions to act. Global Environmental Change 32: 67-73.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Detten RV, Faber F (2013)
Organizational decision-making by German state-owned forest companies concerning climate change adaptation measures. Forest Policy and Economics 35: 57-65.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Egan PJ, Mullin M (2012)
Turning personal experience into political attitudes: the effect of local weather on Americans’ perceptions about global warming. Journal of Politics 74 (3): 796-809.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Furness R, Nelson H (2012)
Community forest organizations and adaptation to climate change in British Columbia. The Forestry Chronicle 88: 519-524.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Führer E, Jagodics A, Juhász I, Marosi Gy Horváth L (2013)
The ecological and economic impact of climate change on Hungarian forestry practice. Idöjárás 117 (2): 159-174.
Gameren VV, Zaccai E (2015)
Private forest owners facing climate change in Wallonia: adaptive capacity and practices. Environmental Science and Policy 52: 51-60.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Geoghegan H, Leyson C (2012)
On climate change and cultural geography: farming on the Lizard Peninsula, Cornwall, UK. Climatic Change 113: 55-66.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Gálhidy L, Tímár G (2011)
Oshonos fafajú erdejeink a klímaváltozás szorításában? [Our native tree forests under the pressure of climate change?]. Erdészeti Lapok 146 (2): 38-40. [in Hungarian]
Gálhidy L (2019)
Erdötörvény-módosítás és természetvédelem [Amendment of forest law and nature protection]. Erdészeti Lapok 154 (2): 34-36. [in Hungarian]
Halofsky JE, Andrews-Key SA, Edwards JE, Johnston MH, Nelson H, Peterson DL, Schmitt KM, Swanston CW, Williamson TB (2018)
Adapting forest management to climate change: the state of science and applications in Canada and the United States. Forest Ecology and Management 421 (1): 84-97.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Hamilton LC, Stampone MD (2013)
Blowin’ in the wind: short-term weather and belief in anthropogenic climate change. Weather, Climate and Society 5: 112-119.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Haynes W (2013)
Wilcoxon rank sum test. In: “Encyclopedia of Systems Biology” (Dubitzky W, Wolkenhauer O, Cho KH, Yokota H eds). Springer, New York, NY, USA, pp. 2354-2355.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Hulme M (2014)
Attributing weather extremes to “climate change”: a review. Progress in Physical Geography 38 (4): 499-511.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Hulme M (2016)
Weathered. Cultures of climate. Sage Publications Ltd., London, UK, pp. 200.
CrossRef | Gscholar
IPCC (2021)
Climate change 2021: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Masson-Delmotte V, Zhai P, Pirani A, Connors SL, Péan Berger S, Caud N, Chen Y, Goldfarb L, Gomis MI, Huang M, Leitzell K, Lonnoy E, Matthews JBR, Maycock TK, Waterfield T, Yelek Oçi Yu R, Zhou B eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, MA, USA.
Johnston M, Hesseln H (2012)
Climate change adaptive capacity of the Canadian forest sector. Forest Policy and Economics 24: 29-34.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Keenan RJ (2015)
Climate change impacts and adaptation in forest management: a review. Annals of Forest Science 72: 145-167.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Koning DJ, Winkel G, Sotirov M, Blondet M, Borras L, Ferranti F, Geitzenauer M (2014)
Natura 2000 and climate change polarisation, uncertainty, and pragmatism in discourses on forest conservation and management in Europe. Environmental Science and Policy 39 (5): 129-138.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lakatos F, Molnár M (2009)
Mass mortality of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) in South-West Hungary. Acta Silvatica et Lignaria Hungarica 5: 75-82.
Lakkonen A, Zimmerer R, Kähkönen T, Hujala T, Takala T, Tikkanen J (2018)
Forest owners’ attitudes toward pro-climate and climate-responsive forest management. Forest Policy and Economics 87: 1-10.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lawrence A, Marzano M (2014)
Is the private forest sector adapting to climate change? A study of forest managers in north Wales. Annals of Forest Science 71 (2): 291-300.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lenart M, Jones C (2014)
Perceptions on climate change correlate with willingness to undertake some forestry adaptation and mitigation practices. Journal of Forestry 112 (6): 553-563.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lindner M, Fitzgerald JB, Zimmermann NE, Reyer C, Delzon S, Van Der Maaten E, Schelhaas MJ, Lasch P, Eggers J, Van Der Maaten-Theunissen M, Suckow F, Psomas A, Poulter B, Hanewinkel M (2014)
Climate change and European forests: what do we know, what are the uncertainties, and what are the implications for forest management? Journal of Environmental Management 146: 69-83.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lorenzoni I, Pidgeon NF (2006)
Public views on climate change: European and USA perspectives. Climatic Change 77: 73-95.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Milad M, Schaich H, Bürgi M, Konold W (2011)
Climate change and nature conservation in Central European forests: a review of consequences, concepts and challenges. Forest Ecology and Management 261 (4): 829-843.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Milad M, Schaich H, Konold W (2013)
How is adaptation to climate change reflected in current practice of forest management and conservation? A case study from Germany. Biodiversity and Conservation 22: 1181-1202.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Moomaw WR, Law BE, Goetz SJ (2020)
Focus on the role of forests and soils in meeting climate change mitigation goals: summary. Environmental Research Letters 15 (4): 045009.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Mostegl NM, Pröbstl-Haider U, Jandl R, Haider W (2017)
Targeting climate change adaptation strategies to small-scale private forest owners. Forest Policy and Economics 99: 83-99.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Myers TA, Maibach EW, Roser-Renouf C, Akerlof K, Leiserowitz AA (2013)
The relationship between personal experience and belief in the reality of global warming. Nature Climate Change 3: 343-347.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Mátyás C (1997)
Effects of environmental change on the productivity of tree populations. In: “Perspectives of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding in a Changing World” (Mátyás Cs ed). International Union of Forest Research Organizations - IUFRO, Vienna, Austria, pp. 109-122.
Mátyás C (2006a)
Az elörejelzett klímaváltozás és a magyar erdötakaró sorsa [The predicted climate change and the fate of the Hungarian forests]. In: “Magyarország tájainak növényzete és állatvilága” [Flora and fauna of the Hungarian landscapes] (Fekete G, Varga Z eds). MTA, Budapest, Hungary, pp. 420-424. [in Hungarian]
Mátyás C (2006b)
Gének, ökoszisztémák, gazdálkodás: erdészet, paradigmaváltás után: MTA Székfoglaló elöadás [Genes, ecosystems, management: forestry, after a paradigm shift: MTA Chair reservation lecture]. Acta Silvatica et Lignaria Hungarica 2: 5-24. [in Hungarian]
Mátyás C (2011)
Elegendö a természetre bízni a jövöt? [Is it enough to entrust the future to nature?]. Erdészeti Lapok 146 (5): 140-141. [in Hungarian]
Mátyás C, Sun G (2014)
Forests in a water-limited world under climate change. Environmental Research Letters 9 (8): 085001.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Mátyás C (2016)
Az erdészeti szaporítóanyag megválasztása a klímaváltozás fényében [Selection of forest reproductive material in the light of climate change]. Erdészeti Lapok 151 (3): 78-82. [in Hungarian]
Mátyás C, Berki I, Bidló A, Csóka Gy Czimber K, Führer E, Gálos B, Gribovszki Z, Illés G, Hirka A, Somogyi Z (2018)
Sustainability of forest cover under climate change on the temperate-continental xeric limits. Forests 9: 489.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Nelson H, Williamson TB, Macaulay C, Mahony C (2016)
Assessing the potential for forest management practitioner participation in climate change adaptation. Forest Ecology and Management 360: 388-399.
CrossRef | Gscholar
NES (2016)
Nemzeti Erdöstratégia 2016-2030 [National forest strategy 2016-2030]. Földmüvelésügyi Minisztérium Erdészeti és Vadgazdálkodási Föosztály, Budapest, Hungary, pp. 63. [in Hungarian]
Petr M, Boerboom L, Ray D, Van Den Veen A (2014)
An uncertainty assessment framework for forest planning adaptation to climate change. Forest Policy and Economics 41: 1-11.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Pötzelsberger E, Spiecker H, Neophytou C, Mohren F, Gazda A, Hasenauer H (2020)
Growing non-native trees in European forests brings benefits and opportunities but also has its risks and limits. Current Forestry Reports 6: 339-353.
CrossRef | Gscholar
QGIS.org (2021)
QGIS Geographic Information System. QGIS Association, web site.
Online | Gscholar
Raftoyannis Y, Nocentini S, Marchi E, Sainz RC, Guemes CG, Pilas I, Perić S, Paulo J, Moreira-Marcelino AC, Costa-Ferreira M, Kakouris E, Lindner M (2014)
Perceptions of forest experts on climate change and fire management in European Mediterranean forests. iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry 7: 33-41.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Rudiak-Gould P (2013)
‘We have seen it with our own eyes’: why we disagree about climate change visibility. Weather Climate and Society 5 (2): 120-132.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Somogyi Z (2000)
Possibilities for carbon sequestration by the forestry sector in Hungary. Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment 4 (4): 296-299.
Somogyi Z (2003)
Erdök nélkül? [Without forests?]. L’Harmattan, Budapest, Hungary, pp. 268. [in Hungarian]
Sousa-Silva R, Ponette Q, Verheyen K, Van Herzele A, Muys B (2016)
Adaptation of forest management to climate change as perceived by forest owners and managers in Belgium. Forest Ecosystems 3 (1): 3.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Sousa-Silva R, Verbist B, Lomba Valent P, Suškevičs M, Picard O, Hoogstra-Klein MA, Cosofret VC, Bouriaud L, Ponette Q, Verheyen K, Muys B (2018)
Adapting forest management to climate change in Europe: linking perceptions to adaptive responses. Forest Policy and Economics 90: 22-30.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Szabó S, Szopos NM, Bertalan-Balázs B, László E, Milošević DD, Conoscenti C, Lázár I (2019)
Geospatial analysis of drought tendencies in the Carpathians as reflected in a 50-year time series. Hungarian Geographical Bulletin 68 (3): 269-282.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Toth SF, Ueki T, Uozumi Y (2001)
The current situation of Hungarian forest management, with special emphasis on the recent changes in forest ownership. Journal of Forest Planning 7 (1): 21-28.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Verkerk PJ, Costanza R, Hetemäki L, Kubiszewski I, Leskinen P, Nabuurs GJ, Potočnik J, Palahí M (2020)
Climate-smart forestry: the missing link. Forest Policy and Economics 115, 102164.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Vilà-Cabrera V, Coll L, Martínez-Vilalta J, Retana J (2018)
Forest management for adaptation to climate change in the Mediterranean basin: a synthesis of evidence. Forest Ecology and Management 407 (1): 16-22.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Weber E (2010)
What shapes perceptions of climate change? WIREs Climate Change 1: 332-342.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Yousefpour R, Hanewinkler M (2015)
Forestry professionals’ perceptions of climate change, impacts and adaptation strategies for forests in south-west Germany. Climatic Change 130 (2): 273-286.
CrossRef | Gscholar

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info