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iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

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Problems and solutions to cork oak (Quercus suber L.) regeneration: a review

Taher Mechergui (1)   , Marta Pardos (2), Naceur Boussaidi (3), Douglass F Jacobs (4), Filipe Xavier Catry (5)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 16, Issue 1, Pages 10-22 (2023)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3945-015
Published: Jan 09, 2023 - Copyright © 2023 SISEF

Review Papers


This study aimed to review the requirements and difficulties of natural and artificial regeneration of cork oak (Quercus suber L.) in the Mediterranean Basin. Cork oak regeneration is achieved naturally by means of sexual or vegetative reproduction (by seeds or by sprouting), or artificially through direct seeding, or seedling planting. Both natural and artificial regeneration of cork oak frequently encounter numerous difficulties which limit the ecological conditions for cork oak regeneration, including acorn predation, slow growth, vegetative competition, browsing of seedlings, fires, pests and diseases, and summer drought. We reviewed the state of the art of these difficulties and summarize the potential solutions for each regeneration form.

  Keywords


Natural Regeneration, Artificial Regeneration, Direct Seeding, Plantation, Stump Sprouts

Authors’ address

(1)
Taher Mechergui 0000-0001-8819-8397
Faculté des Sciences de Bizerte (FSB), Zarzouna, 7021 (Tunisie)
(2)
Marta Pardos 0000-0002-5567-5406
Laboratoire des Ressources Sylvo-Pastorales de Tabarka, Tabarka (Tunisie)
(3)
Naceur Boussaidi
Forest Dynamics and Management, INIA-CIFOR, Crtra Coruña, Km 7.5, 28040 Madrid (Spain)
(4)
Douglass F Jacobs 0000-0002-5580-2516
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hardwood Tree Improvement and Regeneration Center, Purdue University, 715 West State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (USA)
(5)
Filipe Xavier Catry 0000-0003-0668-9323
Centre for Applied Ecology/Research Network in Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology - CEABN/InBIO, School of Agriculture, University of Lisbon - ISA, UL, Tapada da Ajuda 1349-017 Lisboa (Portugal)

Corresponding author

 
Taher Mechergui
mecherguit@yahoo.fr

Citation

Mechergui T, Pardos M, Boussaidi N, Jacobs DF, Catry FX (2023). Problems and solutions to cork oak (Quercus suber L.) regeneration: a review. iForest 16: 10-22. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3945-015

Academic Editor

Gianfranco Minotta

Paper history

Received: Aug 07, 2021
Accepted: Oct 24, 2022

First online: Jan 09, 2023
Publication Date: Feb 28, 2023
Publication Time: 2.57 months

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