iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Competition effects and economic scenarios in an agroforestry system with cereal crops and wood plantations: a case study in the Po Valley (Italy)

Laura Rosso, Simone Cantamessa   , Pier Mario Chiarabaglio, Domenico Coaloa

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 421-425 (2021)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3842-014
Published: Sep 15, 2021 - Copyright © 2021 SISEF

Short Communications

This study aims to evaluate the economic feasibility of agroforestry management in temperate latitudes. The surveys carried out in 1971 by Prevosto on the yields of wheat and rice combined with poplars was revised with updated prices to assess whether an agroforestry system can positively influence farm incomes. Based on Prevosto’s dataset, four scenarios were simulated with poplar clone I-214, assuming four different positions of the poplar row (along the field borders, towards the cardinal points) and the relative shadows. The results show that the agroforestry system is economically advantageous, especially for wheat, and is directly related to wood price. The achievable benefits could be more significant with political and financial support that promotes these practices, taking into account the fundamental ecosystem services they provide.


Agroforestry, Poplar, Cereal Crop, Shading Effect, Tree Row Orientation, Economic Evaluation, Threshold Area Convenience

Authors’ address

Laura Rosso
Simone Cantamessa
Pier Mario Chiarabaglio 0000-0002-3610-5395
Domenico Coaloa 0000-0002-4009-7850
CREA Research Centre for Forestry and Wood, str. Frassineto 35, I-15033 Casale Monferrato, AL (Italy)

Corresponding author

Simone Cantamessa


Rosso L, Cantamessa S, Chiarabaglio PM, Coaloa D (2021). Competition effects and economic scenarios in an agroforestry system with cereal crops and wood plantations: a case study in the Po Valley (Italy). iForest 14: 421-425. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3842-014

Academic Editor

Gianfranco Minotta

Paper history

Received: Apr 09, 2021
Accepted: Jul 13, 2021

First online: Sep 15, 2021
Publication Date: Oct 31, 2021
Publication Time: 2.13 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 1545
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 255
Abstract Page Views: 54
PDF Downloads: 910
Citation/Reference Downloads: 0
XML Downloads: 326

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 983
Overall contacts: 1545
Avg. contacts per week: 11.00

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Nov 2020)

(No citations were found up to date. Please come back later)


Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

Artru S, Garré S, Dupraz C, Hiel MP, Blitz-Frayret C, Lassois L (2017)
Impact of spatio-temporal shade dynamics on wheat growth and yield, perspectives for temperate agroforestry. European Journal of Agronomy 82: 60-70.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Bedoussac L, Journet EP, Hauggaard-Nielsen H, Naudin C, Corre-Hellou G, Jensen ES, Pieur L, Justes E (2015)
Ecological principles underlying the increase of productivity achieved by cereal-grain legume intercrops in organic farming. A review. Agronomy For Sustainable Development 35 (3): 911-935.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Blanc S, Accastello C, Bianchi E, Lingua F, Vacchiano G, Mosso A, Brun F (2019)
An integrated approach to assess carbon credit from improved forest management. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 38 (1): 31-45.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Brooker RW, Bennett AE, Cong WF, Daniell TJ, George TS, Hallett PD, Hawes C, Iannetta PPM, Jones HG, Karley AJ, Li L, McKenzie BM, Pakeman RJ, Paterson E, Schöb C, Shen J, Squire G, Watson CA, Zhang C, Zhang F, Zhang J, White PJ (2015)
Improving intercropping: a synthesis of research in agronomy, plant physiology and ecology. New Phytologist 206 (1): 107-117.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Castellani E, Prevosto M (1961)
Experimental contribution on the study concerning the relation between poplars grown on fields’ borders and some agricultural crops. In: Proceedings of the 13th IUFRO Meeting. Vienna (Austria), Sept 1961. International Union of Forest Research Organizations - IUFRO, Vienna, Austria, pp. 10-16.
Corona P, Bergante S, Castro G, Chiarabaglio PM, Coaloa D, Facciotto G, Gennaro M, Giorcelli A, Rosso L, Vietto L, Nervo G (2018)
Linee di indirizzo per una pioppicoltura sostenibile [Guidelines for sustainable poplar cultivation]. Rete Rurale Nazionale, Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l’analisi dell’economia agraria, Roma. [in Italian]
Damianidis C, Santiago-Freijanes JJ, Den Herder M, Burgess P, Mosquera-Losada MR, Graves A, Papadopoulos A, Pisanelli A, Camilli F, Rois-Díaz M, Kay S, Palma JHN, Pantera A (2020)
Agroforestry as a sustainable land use option to reduce wildfires risk in European Mediterranean areas. Agroforestry Systems 95 (5): 919-929.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Decoteau DR, Kasperbauer MJ, Hunt PG (1989)
Mulch surface color affects yield of fresh-market tomatoes. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 114 (2): 216-219.
Online | Gscholar
Dupraz C, Blitz-Frayret C, Lecomte I, Molto Q, Reyes F, Gosme M (2018)
Influence of latitude on the light availability for intercrops in an agroforestry alley-cropping system. Agroforestry Systems 92: 1019-1033.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Facciotto G, Minotta G, Paris P, Pelleri F (2014)
Tree farming, agroforestry and the new green revolution. A necessary alliance. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress of Silviculture “Designing the future of the forestry sector”. Florence (Italy) 26-29 Nov 2014. Accademia Italiana di Scienze Forestali, Firenze, Italy, vol. 2, pp. 658-669.
Finassi A (2017)
Il bilancio economico dell’azienda risicola [The economic balance of the rice farm]. Associazione Laureati in Scienze Agrarie e Forestali Vercelli e Biella, Camera di Commercio di Biella e Vercelli, Italy, pp. 37. [in Italian]
Online | Gscholar
Graves AR, Burgess PJ, Liagre F, Pisanelli A, Paris P, Moreno G, Bellido M, Mayus M, Postma M, Schindler B, Mantzanas K, Papanastasis VP, Dupraz C (2009)
Farmer perceptions of silvoarable systems in seven European countries. In: “Agroforestry in Europe” (Rigueiro-Rodróguez A, McAdam J, Mosquera-Losada MR eds). Advances in Agroforestry, vol. 6, Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp. 67-86.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Merlo M (1992)
Elementi di economia ed estimo forestale [Elements of forestry economics and estimation]. Pàtron ed., Bologna, Italy, pp. 546.
Minotta G, Paris P (2010)
Workshop del GdL SISEF “Arboricoltura da legno” sulle piantagioni di latifoglie a legno pregiato e presentazione di ARBORA, il database on-line degli impianti da legno di latifoglie [Workshop of the SISEF Working Group “Forest plantations” on the current situation of noble hardwood plantations in Italy and presentation of ARBORA the on-line database]. Forest@ 7: 247-248. [in Italian with English summary]
CrossRef | Gscholar
Moldenhauer K, Counce P, Hardke J (2001)
Rice growth and development. In: “Rice Production Handbook” (Hardke T ed). University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service, Little Rock, AR, USA, pp. 9-20.
Online | Gscholar
Palma J, Graves AR, Burgess PJ, Van Der Werf W, Herzog F (2007)
Integrating environmental and economic performance to assess modern silvoarable agroforestry in Europe. Ecological Economics 63 (4): 759-767.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Paris P, Leonardi L, Cherubini M, Chiocchini F, Lauteri M, Pisanelli A, Dalla Valle C, Mezzalira G, Sangiovanni M, Facciotto G, Nervo G, Coaloa D (2019)
Hybrid poplars for timber with arable crops in Italy: innovating the tradition facing Global Changes. In: Proceedings of the “4th World Congress on Agroforestry”. Montpellier (France) 20-22 May 2019. CIRAD, Paris, France, pp. 314.
Pinto VM, Van Dam JC, De Jong Van Lier Q, Reichardt K (2019)
Intercropping Simulation Using the SWAP Model: Development of a 2× 1D Algorithm. Agriculture 9 (6): 126.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Prevosto M (1971)
Alcuni aspetti della coltura di ripa del pioppo [Some aspects of poplar culture on field-borders]. Ente nazionale Cellulosa e Carta - ENCC, Roma, Italy, vol. 6, pp. 23-44.
Pra A, Brotto L, Mori P, Lattes EB, Masiero M, Andrighetto N, Pettenella D (2019)
Profitability of timber plantations on agricultural land in the Po valley (northern Italy): a comparison between walnut, hybrid poplar and polycyclic plantations in the light of the European Union Rural Development Policy orientation. European Journal of Forest Research 138 (3): 473-494.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Pra A, Pettenella D (2019)
Investment returns from hybrid poplar plantations in northern Italy between 2001 and 2016: are we losing a bio-based segment of the primary economy? Italian Review of Agricultural Economics 74 (1): 49-71.
Online | Gscholar
Ramirez OA, Somarriba E, Ludewigs T, Ferreira P (2001)
Financial returns, stability and risk of cacao-plantain-timber agroforestry systems in Central America. Agroforestry Systems 51 (2): 141-154.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Rigueiro-Rodríguez A, Fernández-Núñez E, González-Hernández P, McAdam JH, Mosquera-Losada MR (2009)
Agroforestry systems in Europe: productive, ecological and social perspectives. In: “Agroforestry in Europe” (Rigueiro-Rodróguez A, McAdam J, Mosquera-Losada MR eds). Advances in Agroforestry, vol. 6, Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp. 43-65.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Singh M, Arrawatia ML, Tewari VP (1998)
Agroforestry for sustainable development in arid zones of Rajasthan. International Tree Crops Journal 9 (3): 203-212.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Smith J, Pearce BD, Wolfe MS (2012)
A European perspective for developing modern multifunctional agroforestry systems for sustainable intensification. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 27 (4): 323-332.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Wyatt G, Sames A, Zamora DS (2019)
Agroforestry practices: windbreaks. In: “Agroforestry for Sustainable Agriculture” (Mosquera-Losada MR, Prabhu R eds). Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing, London, UK, pp. 21-37.
CrossRef | Gscholar

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info