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iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

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Characterization of technological properties of matá-matá wood (Eschweilera coriacea [DC.] S.A. Mori, E. odora Poepp. [Miers] and E. truncata A.C. Sm.) by Near Infrared Spectroscopy

Cristiano Souza do Nascimento (1)   , Claudete Catanhede do Nascimento (2), Roberto Daniel de Araújo (2), Jose Carlos Rodrigues Soares (3), Niro Higuchi (4)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 400-407 (2021)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3748-014
Published: Sep 01, 2021 - Copyright © 2021 SISEF

Research Articles


The aim of this study was to determine the technological properties (chemical, mechanical and physical) of Eschweilera sp. woods using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). NIR spectroscopy proved to be efficient for chemical analysis (extractives, lignin and carbohydrates) and physical-mechanical testing (moisture content, basic density - BD, modulus of elasticity - MOE and modulus of rupture - MOR) of wood, providing a powerful tool for use in sustainable forest management activities in the Amazon. Wood samples from three trees of each Eschweilera species were collected from the Experimental Station of Tropical Forestry/INPA/Brazil. Specimens were extracted from the cross-sectional area (20 × 20 × 30 mm) in the direction sapwood-heartwood. NIR spectra (4.000-10.000 cm-1) were then obtained from the samples (moisture 12%) using Fourier-transform spectrometry. The Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression prediction models for the chemical, mechanical and physical properties of Amazonian woods were used for quantification. The results for total extractives (both in toluene and ethanol) and hot water solubility showed a maximum extractive concentration of 7.66% and 3.13% for E. odora (yellow matá-matá), including several compounds with low molecular weight, such as resins, gums, terpenes, alkaloids, flavonoids, and tannins. The highest concentration of phenolic substances (tannins) was found in E. Truncata (black matá-matá, 10.00%). The macrocomponents (primary metabolism) of Eschweilera species were in the range of 44.20-46.33% for cellulose and 28.89-31.21% for lignin. Mineral compounds (ash) were quantified in concentrations < 0.70%. The predictive results for the physical and mechanical properties of matá-matá wood are in the standard range for tropical woods. The higher calorific value (HCV) varied from 4.993-5.033 cal g-1 and the BD from 0.78-0.88 g m-3. Regarding moisture, the highest content was observed in E. truncata (13.46%). Values for mechanical resistance were in the range of 14,253-17,447 MPa for MOE and 146.04-175.73 MPa for MOR, with the greatest strength attributed to E. truncata wood. The values obtained for the wood technological properties of E. coriacea (white matá-matá), E. odora (yellow matá-matá) and E. truncata (black matá-matá) were compatible with those obtained by destructive determination of tropical species and also for other species of the genus Eschweilera.

  Keywords


Eschweilera, Amazonian Woods, Wood Chemistry, Physico-mechanical Properties, NIR Spectroscopy, Forest Management

Authors’ address

(1)
Cristiano Souza do Nascimento 0000-0002-5322-2534
Graduate Program in Tropical Forest Science (PPG-CFT), National Institute of Amazonian Research (INPA). Av. Efigênio Sales, 2.239 - Aleixo - CEP 69060-020, Manaus, AM (Brazil)
(2)
Claudete Catanhede do Nascimento 0000-0001-7048-3720
Roberto Daniel de Araújo 0000-0002-9653-305X
Engineering Laboratory and Wood Artifacts (LEAM/COTEI), National Institute of Amazonian Research (INPA). Av. André Araújo, 2.936 - Petrópolis - CEP 69067-375, Manaus, AM (Brazil)
(3)
Jose Carlos Rodrigues Soares 0000-0003-1307-9371
Master’s, Graduate Program in Environmental and Forestry Sciences (PPG-CIFA), Federal University of Amazonas (UFAM). Av. Rodrigo Otávio, Coroado - CEP 69067005, Manaus, AM (Brazil)
(4)
Niro Higuchi 0000-0002-1203-4502
Forest Management Laboratory (LMF/CODAM), National Institute of Amazonian Research (INPA). Av. Efigênio Sales, 2.239 - Aleixo - CEP 69060-020, Manaus, AM (Brazil)

Corresponding author

 
Cristiano Souza do Nascimento
s-nascimento@hotmail.com

Citation

Nascimento CS, Nascimento CC, Araújo RD, Soares JCR, Higuchi N (2021). Characterization of technological properties of matá-matá wood (Eschweilera coriacea [DC.] S.A. Mori, E. odora Poepp. [Miers] and E. truncata A.C. Sm.) by Near Infrared Spectroscopy. iForest 14: 400-407. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3748-014

Academic Editor

Giacomo Goli

Paper history

Received: Jan 10, 2021
Accepted: Jul 02, 2021

First online: Sep 01, 2021
Publication Date: Oct 31, 2021
Publication Time: 2.03 months

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