iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Temporal patterns control carbon balance in forest and agricultural tropical peatlands in North Selangor, Malaysia

Jeyanny Vijayanathan (1)   , Mohammad Fakhri Ishak (1), Ismail Parlan (1), Hamdan Omar (1), Ahmed Osumanu Haruna (2-3), Marryanna Lion (1), Mohd Ghazali Hassan (1), Regina Mariah Jong (4), Abdul Khalim Abu Samah (4)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 362-369 (2021)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3700-014
Published: Aug 10, 2021 - Copyright © 2021 SISEF

Research Articles

Tropical peat swamp forests can sequester significant amount of carbon (C). However, there is dearth of understanding on the tropical soils’ C stocks and emissions because of the changes in peatland use, land use policies, and micro-climate. The objective of this study was to determine the C stocks and fluxes of two peat swamp forests and a peatland under mixed cropping in Selangor, Malaysia. Standard procedures were used to determine aboveground biomass, belowground biomass, selected peat soil physical, chemical, and biological properties, and environmental variables that are related to peat soil respirations. The mean C stocks for the peat swamp forest and mixed cropping sites were 1788.79 Mg C ha-1 and 1023.57 Mg C ha-1, respectively. The carbon dioxide emission rates of peat swamp forest and mixed cropping sites ranged from 7.20 to 73.13 tCO2 ha-1 year-1 and 26.50 to 43.43 tCO2 ha-1 year-1, respectively. These emissions are related to seasonal changes because the relative humidity, soil temperature, and ground water of the experimental sites had significant effects on soil respiration. Unlike the mixed cropping sites, the fluxes of the peat swamp forest were significantly higher in the dry season compared with the wet season. These findings suggest that peat soil respiration is controlled by relative humidity, temperature, and the changes in ground water table. Continued monitoring and conservation efforts to preserve stored C in peatlands are essential.


Peat Characteristics, Carbon Storage, Carbon Dioxide Fluxes, Cash Crop Cultivation, Seasonal Variations

Authors’ address

Ahmed Osumanu Haruna 0000-0002-3240-8081
Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, UPM Bintulu, Sarawak, P.O. Box 396, Jalan Nyabau, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak (Malaysia)
Ahmed Osumanu Haruna 0000-0002-3240-8081
Institut Ekosains Borneo, UPM Bintulu, Sarawak, P.O. Box 396, Jalan Nyabau, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak (Malaysia)
Regina Mariah Jong
Abdul Khalim Abu Samah
Forestry Department of Peninsular Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Salahuddin, 50660 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

Corresponding author

Jeyanny Vijayanathan


Vijayanathan J, Ishak MF, Parlan I, Omar H, Osumanu Haruna A, Lion M, Hassan MG, Jong RM, Samah AKA (2021). Temporal patterns control carbon balance in forest and agricultural tropical peatlands in North Selangor, Malaysia. iForest 14: 362-369. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3700-014

Academic Editor

Giorgio Alberti

Paper history

Received: Nov 19, 2020
Accepted: Jun 06, 2021

First online: Aug 10, 2021
Publication Date: Aug 31, 2021
Publication Time: 2.17 months

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