iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Developing stand transpiration model relating canopy conductance to stand sapwood area in a Korean pine plantation

Juhan Park (1-2), Sungsik Cho (3), Minkyu Moon (4), Daun Ryu (2), Hyun Seok Kim (1-2-3-5)   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 186-194 (2021)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3291-014
Published: Apr 14, 2021 - Copyright © 2021 SISEF

Research Articles

With increasing concern for forest water use and anthropogenic alteration of forest structures, understanding the effects of structural changes in forests on transpiration is important. Our aim is to develop a stand transpiration model relating canopy conductance with stand sapwood area (SA) and environmental conditions for assessing the interannual variation in stand transpiration. The stand transpiration model is developed based on multiplicative empirical Gc estimations at eight Korean pine stands with different SAs. The model integrated the response of stomatal conductance to various environmental variables as vapor pressure deficit (D), photosynthetic active radiation (Q), air temperature (Ta), and soil water content (θ). The reference Gc (Gc at D=1kPa) and stomatal sensitivity to D was found to have a significant relationship with the SA, whereas other parameters like stomatal sensitivity to Q or Ta did not show significant relationships with it. The Gc model successfully reproduced changes in stand transpiration with changes in SA and climatic conditions. As this model uses SA, a simple and easily measurable structural variable, it can be easily applied to other Korean pine forests and can help estimate the spatial and temporal variations in stand transpiration.


Sapwood Area, Canopy Conductance, Stand Transpiration, Empirical Model

Authors’ address

Juhan Park 0000-0001-7985-5404
Hyun Seok Kim
National Center for Agro Meteorology, Seoul (Rep. of Korea)
Juhan Park 0000-0001-7985-5404
Daun Ryu 0000-0002-0782-0859
Hyun Seok Kim
Department of Forest Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul (Rep. of Korea)
Sungsik Cho 0000-0002-1775-7945
Hyun Seok Kim
Interdisciplinary Program in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Seoul National University (Rep. of Korea)
Minkyu Moon 0000-0003-0268-1834
Department of Earth and Environment, Boston University, Boston, MA (USA)
Hyun Seok Kim
Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul (Rep. of Korea)

Corresponding author

Hyun Seok Kim


Park J, Cho S, Moon M, Ryu D, Kim HS (2021). Developing stand transpiration model relating canopy conductance to stand sapwood area in a Korean pine plantation. iForest 14: 186-194. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3291-014

Academic Editor

Rossella Guerrieri

Paper history

Received: Nov 12, 2019
Accepted: Feb 08, 2021

First online: Apr 14, 2021
Publication Date: Apr 30, 2021
Publication Time: 2.17 months

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