iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Hydrological simulation of a small forested catchment under different land use and forest management

Laís Thomazini Oliveira (1), Roberto Avelino Cecílio (2)   , Sidney Sára Zanetti (2), Rodolfo Araujo Loos (3), Danielle de Almeida Bressiani (4), Raghavan Srinivasan (5)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 301-308 (2020)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3221-013
Published: Jul 10, 2020 - Copyright © 2020 SISEF

Research Articles

This paper describes the assessment of the SWAT hydrological model to reproduce continuous daily streamflow and simulate scenarios of forest management for a small catchment under tropical climate in Aracruz, Brazil. The main land use of the catchment consisted of eucalyptus cultivation. The SWAT parameters were calibrated and validated using daily hydrologic and meteorological data from 1997 to 2004. The statistical indices of SWAT validation (NS = 0.74, PBIAS = -14.34%, RSR = 0.51) show that SWAT performance was satisfactory in this application. Different land use and forest management scenarios were simulated with the aim of assessing their influence over the streamflow. The scenarios were: catchment under eucalyptus cultivation with three different forest managements and catchment under the native forest (Atlantic Rainforest). The scenarios simulations did not show significant changes in the long-term average streamflow. Minimum, maximum, and average annual streamflows were higher for eucalyptus scenarios compared to the native forest scenario. These results should be carefully applied to other watersheds as they reflect soil, landscape, and climate characteristics, as well as the geographic location, size, and use of water of the plantings and other vegetation.


Hydrological Modeling, Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), Atlantic Rainforest, Eucalyptus

Authors’ address

Laís Thomazini Oliveira
Postgraduate Program in Forestry Sciences, UFES - Federal University of Espirito Santo, Vitória, ES (Brazil)
Roberto Avelino Cecílio 0000-0003-2894-2481
Sidney Sára Zanetti
Department of Forestry and Wood Sciences, UFES - Federal University of Espirito Santo, Vitória, ES (Brazil)
Rodolfo Araujo Loos 0000-0001-7280-3396
Technology Center Researcher, SUZANO - Aracruz, ES (Brazil)
Danielle de Almeida Bressiani 0000-0002-3773-1574
Department of Hydraulic and Sanitation, EESC-USP - School of Engineering of São Carlos, University of São Paulo, SP (Brazil)
Raghavan Srinivasan 0000-0001-8375-6038
Departments of Ecosystem Sciences and Management and Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas (USA)

Corresponding author

Roberto Avelino Cecílio


Oliveira LT, Cecílio RA, Zanetti SS, Loos RA, Bressiani DA, Srinivasan R (2020). Hydrological simulation of a small forested catchment under different land use and forest management. iForest 13: 301-308. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3221-013

Academic Editor

Agostino Ferrara

Paper history

Received: Aug 27, 2019
Accepted: May 23, 2020

First online: Jul 10, 2020
Publication Date: Aug 31, 2020
Publication Time: 1.60 months

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