*
 

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

*

Influences of mature Pinus nigra plantations on the floristic-vegetational composition along an altitudinal gradient in the central Apennines, Italy

Marina Allegrezza (1)   , Simone Pesaresi (1), Sandro Ballelli (2), Giulio Tesei (1), Cecilia Ottaviani (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 279-285 (2020)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3215-013
Published: Jul 03, 2020 - Copyright © 2020 SISEF

Research Articles


Plantations of conifers are widespread in Europe, often occurring outside of their native range. Reduction in species richness linked to increases in altitude has been previously reported for natural forests, although there is a lack of specific studies for mature pine plantations in both the Apennines and Europe. The aim of this study was to quantify the long-term effects of the extensive Pinus nigra plantations carried out between 1900 and 1956 in protected areas on floristic richness, species composition, and ecological traits of the understorey vegetation. We compared 20 mature pine plantations selected along an altitudinal gradient (700-1700 m a.s.l.) with neighbouring deciduous natural forests dominated by Ostrya carpinifolia and Fagus sylvatica, which represent the most widespread forest types in the central Apennines. The results showed that floristic richness follows two distinct altitude trends in pine plantations and natural forests. A strong reduction in species richness with elevation was observed in the natural forests, as well as a consequent increase in the local contribution to beta diversity, with a turnover of the ecological traits of the species. Contrastingly, no significant changes in richness and beta diversity were found for pine plantations in the same altitude range. Indeed, mature pine plantations up to 1400-1500 m a.s.l. showed the presence of many heliophilous and thermophilous species that are usually distributed at lower elevation. We discuss how such pine plantations can mitigate the effect of increasing altitude which is usually observed in the natural forests, slowing down the typical diversification of the forest communities along the altitudinal gradient.

  Keywords


Pinus nigra Plantations, Forest Origin, Richness, Beta-diversity, Altitudinal Gradient, Canopy Filter, Protected Areas, Apennines

Authors’ address

(1)
Marina Allegrezza 0000-0003-0770-6551
Simone Pesaresi 0000-0002-3913-4749
Giulio Tesei 0000-0002-8921-8262
Cecilia Ottaviani 0000-0002-7111-6233
Department of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Polytechnic University of Marche, v. Brecce Bianche, I-60131 Ancona (Italy)
(2)
Sandro Ballelli
School of Environmental Sciences, University of Camerino, v. Pontoni 5, I-62032 Camerino, MC (Italy)

Corresponding author

 
Marina Allegrezza
m.allegrezza@staff.univpm.it

Citation

Allegrezza M, Pesaresi S, Ballelli S, Tesei G, Ottaviani C (2020). Influences of mature Pinus nigra plantations on the floristic-vegetational composition along an altitudinal gradient in the central Apennines, Italy. iForest 13: 279-285. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3215-013

Academic Editor

Matteo Garbarino

Paper history

Received: Aug 09, 2019
Accepted: Apr 30, 2020

First online: Jul 03, 2020
Publication Date: Aug 31, 2020
Publication Time: 2.13 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 2544
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 2090
Abstract Page Views: 194
PDF Downloads: 209
Citation/Reference Downloads: 0
XML Downloads: 51

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 109
Overall contacts: 2544
Avg. contacts per week: 163.38

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Jun 2020)

(No citations were found up to date. Please come back later)


 

Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

 
(1)
Allegrezza M, Ballelli S, Mentoni M, Olivieri M, Ottaviani C, Pesaresi S, Tesei G (2013)
Biodiversity in the Sibillini Mountain range (Sibillini National Park, central Apennines): the example of Piè Vettore. Plant Sociology 50: 57-89.
Online | Gscholar
(2)
Allegrezza M, Ballelli S, Ottaviani C, Tesei G (2014)
Notulae alla Checklist della flora vascolare italiana. Notula (2079) Goodyera repens (L.) [Notulae to the Checklist of the Italian vascular flora. Notula (2079) Goodyera repens (L.)]. Informatore Botanico Italiano 46 (2): 270-271. [in Italian]
Gscholar
(3)
Amorini E, Fabbio G (1992)
La gestione dei rimboschimenti con pino nero [The management of black pine plantations]. Monti e Boschi XLIII (4): 27-29. [in Italian]
Gscholar
(4)
Anderson MJ (2006)
Distance-based tests for homogeneity of multivariate dispersions. Biometrics 62 (1): 245-253.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(5)
Baiocco M, Casavecchia S, Biondi E, Pietracaprina A (1996)
Indagini geobotaniche per il recupero del rimboschimento del Monte Conero (Italia centrale). [Geobotanical investigations for the restoration of the Monte Conero forest plantation (central Italy)]. Documents Phytosociologiques XVI: 387-425. [in Italian]
Gscholar
(6)
Barlow J, Gardner TA, Araujo IS, Avila-Pires TC, Bonaldo AB, Costa JE, Esposito MC, Ferreira LV, Hawes J, Hernandez MIM, Hoogmoed MS, Leite RN, Lo-Man-Hung NF, Malcolm JR, Martins MB, Mestre LAM, Miranda-Santos R, Nunes-Gutjahr AL, Overal WL, Parry L, Peters SL, Ribeiro-Junior MA, Da Silva MNF, Da Silva Motta C, Peres CA (2007)
Quantifying the biodiversity value of tropical primary, secondary, and plantation forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104: 18555-18560.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(7)
Bartha S, Merolli A, Campetella G, Canullo R (2008)
Changes of vascular plant diversity along a chronosequence of beech coppice stands, central Apennines, Italy. Plant Biosystems 142 (3): 572-583.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(8)
Bartolucci F, Peruzzi L, Galasso G, Albano A, Alessandrini A, Ardenghi NMG, Astuti G, Bacchetta G, Ballelli S, Banfi E, Barberis G, Bernardo L, Bouvet D, Bovio M, Cecchi L, Di Pietro R, Domina G, Fascetti S, Fenu G, Festi F, Foggi B, Gallo L, Gottschlich G, Gubellini L, Iamonico D, Iberite M, Jiménez-Mejías P, Lattanzi E, Marchetti D, Martinetto E, Masin RR, Medagli P, Passalacqua NG, Peccenini S, Pennesi R, Pierini B, Poldini L, Prosser F, Raimondo FM, Roma-Marzio F, Rosati L, Santangelo A, Scoppola A, Scortegagna S, Selvaggi A, Selvi F, Soldano A, Stinca A, Wagensommer RP, Wilhalm T, Conti F (2018)
An updated checklist of the vascular flora native to Italy. Plant Biosystems 152 (2): 179-303.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(9)
Benkman CW, Parchman TL (2009)
Coevolution between crossbills and black pine: the importance of competitors, forest area, and resource stability. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22: 942-953.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(10)
Biondi E, Blasi M, Allegrezza M, Anzellotti I, Azzella MM, Carli E, Casavecchia S, Copiz R, Del Vico E, Facini L, Galdenzi D, Gasparri R, Lasen C, Pesaresi S, Poldini L, Sburlino G, Taffetani F, Vagge I, Zitti S, Zivkovic L (2014)
Plant communities of Italy: the vegetation prodrome. Plant Biosystems 148 (4): 728-814.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(11)
Blasi C (2010)
La vegetazione d’Italia [The vegetation of Italy]. Palombi and Partner S.r.l., Roma, Italy, pp. 540. [in Italian]
Gscholar
(12)
Borcard D, Gillet F, Legendre P (2011)
Numerical ecology with R. Springer, New York, USA, pp. 44.
Online | Gscholar
(13)
Bonanomi G, Rita A, Allevato E, Cesarano G, Saulino L, Di Pasquale G, Saracino A (2018)
Anthropogenic and environmental factors affect the tree line position of Fagus sylvatica along the Apennines (Italy). Journal of Biogeography 45 (11): 2595-2608.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(14)
Braun-Blanquet J (1928)
Pflanzen-soziologie [Plant sociology]. Springer, Berlin, Germany, pp. 330.
Gscholar
(15)
Bremer LL, Farley KA (2010)
Does plantation forestry restore biodiversity or create green deserts? A synthesis of the effects of land-use transitions on plant species richness. Biodiversity Conservation 19: 3893-3915.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(16)
Brockerhoff EG, Jactel H, Parrotta JA, Quine CP, Sayer J (2008)
Plantation forests and biodiversity: oxymoron or opportunity? Biodiversity Conservation 17: 925-951.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(17)
Cadotte MW, Tucker CM (2017)
Should environmental filtering be abandoned? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 32 (6): 429-437.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(18)
Cantiani P, Iorio G, Pelleri F (2005)
The effects of thinning in black pine stands (Pettenaio, Perugia). Forest@ 2 (2): 207-216. [in Italian with English abstract]
CrossRef | Gscholar
(19)
Cantiani P, Di Salvatore U, Romano R (2018)
The silviculture of black pine plantations: analysis of Italian regional legislation. Forest@ 15: 99-111. [in Italian with English abstract]
CrossRef | Gscholar
(20)
Carnus JM, Parrotta J, Brockerhoff E, Arbez M, Jactel H, Kremer A, Lamb D, O’Hara K, Walters B (2006)
Planted forests and biodiversity. Journal of Forestry 104: 65-77.
Online | Gscholar
(21)
Chiarucci A, De Dominicis V (1995)
Effects of pine plantations on ultramafic vegetation of central Italy. Israel Journal of Plant Sciences 43: 7-20.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(22)
Ellenberg H, Weber HE, Düll R, Wirth V, Werner W, Paulissen D (1992)
Zeigerwerte von pflanzen in Mitteleuropa [Indicator values of plants in Central Europe]. Scripta Geobotanica 18: 1-248. [in German]
Gscholar
(23)
FAO (2006)
Global planted forest thematic study: results and analysis (Del Lungo A, Ball J, Carle J eds). Planted Forests and Trees Working Paper 38, FAO, Rome, Italy, pp. 168.
Online | Gscholar
(24)
Forest Europe (2015)
State of Europe’s forests 2015. Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe, Forest Europe Liaison Unit, Madrid, Spain, pp. 314.
Online | Gscholar
(25)
Geldenhuys CJ (1997)
Native forest regeneration in pine and eucalypt plantations in Northern Province, South Africa. Forest Ecology and Management 99: 101-115.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(26)
Gómez-Aparicio L, Zavala M, Francisco Bonet J, Zamora R (2009)
Are pine plantations valid tools for restoring Mediterranean forests? An assessment along abiotic and biotic gradients. Ecological Applications 19: 2124-2141.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(27)
Greiser C, Meineri E, Luoto M, Ehrlén J, Hylander K (2018)
Monthly microclimate models in a managed boreal forest landscape. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 250: 147-158.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(28)
Hrivnák R, Gömöry D, Slezák M, Ujházy K, Hédl R, Jarčuška B, Ujházyová M (2014)
Species richness pattern along altitudinal gradient in Central European beech forests. Folia Geobotanica 49 (3): 425-441.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(29)
INFC (2007)
Le stime di superficie 2005 - Prima parte. Inventario nazionale delle foreste e dei serbatoi forestali di carbonio [Area estimation 2005 - First part. National inventory of forest and carbon forest accumulations] (Tabacchi G, De Natale F, Di Cosmo L, Floris A, Gagliano C, Gasparini P, Genchi L, Scrinzi G, Tosi V eds). MiPAF - Corpo Forestale dello Stato - Ispettorato Generale, CRA -ISAFA, Trento, Italy. [in Italian]
Online | Gscholar
(30)
Körner C (2007)
The use of “altitude” in ecological research. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 22 (11): 569-574.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(31)
Kraft NJ, Adler PB, Godoy O, James EC, Fuller S, Levine JM (2015)
Community assembly, coexistence and the environmental filtering metaphor. Functional Ecology 29 (5): 592-599.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(32)
Kunstler G, Tuiller W, Curt T, Bouchaud M, Jouvie R, Deruette F, Lepart J (2007)
Fagus sylvatica L. recruitment across a fragmented Mediterranean landscape, importance of long distance effective dispersal, abiotic conditions and biotic interactions. Diversity and Distributions 13 (6): 799-807.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(33)
Legendre P, De Cáceres M (2013)
Beta diversity as the variance of community data: dissimilarity coefficients and partitioning. Ecology Letters 16: 951-963.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(34)
Mölder A, Bernhardt-Römermann M, Schmidt W (2008)
Herb-layer diversity in deciduous forests: raised by tree richness or beaten by beech? Forest Ecology and Management 256: 272-281.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(35)
Morecroft MD, Tylor ME, Oliver HR (1998)
Air and soil microclimates of deciduous woodland compared to an open site. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 90: 141-156.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(36)
Mosandl R, Küssner R (1999)
Conversion of pure pine and spruce forests into mixed forests in eastern Germany: some aspects of silvicultural strategy. In: “Management of mixed-species forest: Silviculture and economics” (Olsthoorn AFM, Bartelink HH, Gardiner JJ, Pretzsch H, Hekhuis HJ, Franc A eds). IBN scientific contributions 15, Institute for Forestry and Nature Research (IBN-DLO), Wageningen, Netherlands, pp. 208-218.
Online | Gscholar
(37)
Nocentini S (1999)
La gestione dei rimboschimenti tra selvicoltura e arboricoltura da legno [The management of forest plantation between silviculture and wood arboriculture]. In: “Nuove frontiere nella gestione forestale” (Ciancio O ed). Accademia Italiana di Scienze Forestali, Firenze, Italy, pp. 117-129. [in Italian]
Gscholar
(38)
Olthoff A, Martínez-Ruiz C, Alday JG (2016)
Distribution patterns of forest species along an Atlantic-Mediterranean environmental gradient: an approach from forest inventory data. Forestry 89 (1): 46-54.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(39)
Ottaviani C, Tesei G, Ballelli S, Iorio G, Montecchiari S, Allegrezza M (2015)
Vegetation dynamics in Pinus nigra Arnold subsp. nigra 100 years after reforestation: two case studies in the central Apennines. Plant Sociology 52: 79-94.
Gscholar
(40)
Pesaresi S, Galdenzi D, Biondi E, Casavecchia S (2014)
Bioclimate of Italy: application of the worldwide bioclimatic classification system. Journal of Maps 10 (4): 538-553.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(41)
Pesaresi S, Biondi E, Casavecchia S (2017)
Bioclimates of Italy. Journal of Maps 13 (2): 955-960.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(42)
Pignatti S, Menegoni P, Pietrosanti S (2005)
Bioindicazione attraverso le piante vascolari. Valori di indicazione secondo Ellenberg (Zeigerwerte) per le specie della Flora d’Italia [Biondication through vascular plants. Indication values according to Ellenberg (Zeigerwerte) for the flora species of Italy]. Braun-Blanquetia 39: 1-97. [in Italian]
Gscholar
(43)
Pignatti S (1982)
Flora d’Italia [Flora of Italy]. Edagricole, Bologna, voll. 1-3. [in Italian]
Gscholar
(44)
Rahbek C (1995)
The elevational gradient of species richness: a uniform pattern? Ecography 18 (2): 200-205.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(45)
Rivas-Martínez S, Sáenz SR, Penas A. (2011)
Worldwide bioclimatic classification system. Global Geobotany 1: 1-634.
Gscholar
(46)
Sabatini FM, Jiménez-Alfaro B, Burrascano S, Lora A, Chytry M (2018)
Beta-diversity of central European forests decreases along an elevational gradient due to the variation in local community assembly processes. Ecography 41 (6): 1038-1048.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(47)
Scolastri A, Cancellieri L, Iocchi M, Cutini M (2014)
Patterns of floristic variation on a montane beech forest in the central Apennines (central Italy). Plant Sociology 51: 69-82.
Online | Gscholar
(48)
Sharma CM, Suyal S, Gairola S, Ghildiyal SK (2009)
Species richness and diversity along an altitudinal gradient in moist temperate forest of Garhwal Himalaya. Journal of American Science 5 (5): 119-128.
Online | Gscholar
(49)
Vallauri DR, Aronson J, Barbéro M (2002)
An analysis of forest restauration on badlands in the southwestern Alps. Restoration Ecology 10: 16-26.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(50)
Van Haverbeke DF (1986)
Twenty-year performance of Scotch, European black (Austrian), red, and jack pines in eastern Nebraska. Research Paper RM-267, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO, USA, pp. 14.
Gscholar
(51)
Vazquez-García JA, Givnish TJ (1998)
Altitudinal gradients in tropical forest composition, structure and diversity in the Sierra de Manantlán. Journal of Ecology 86: 999-1020.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(52)
Zerbe S (2002)
Restoration of natural broad-leaved woodland in Central Europe on sites with coniferous forest plantations. Forest Ecology and Management 167: 27-42.
CrossRef | Gscholar
 

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info