iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Conservation and use of elm genetic resources in France: results and perspectives

Eric Collin (1-4), Michel Rondouin (2), Cécile Joyeau (1)   , Stéphane Matz (1), Pierre Raimbault (1), Luc Harvengt (3), Isabelle Bilger (1), Monique Guibert (1-4)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 41-47 (2020)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3065-013
Published: Feb 03, 2020 - Copyright © 2020 SISEF

Technical Reports

Launched in 1987, the French National Programme for the Conservation of Native Elm Genetic Resources focused on the ex situ conservation of clones of adult field elms (Ulmus minor Mill.) survivors of the Dutch elm disease (DED) pandemic. It was later expanded to include the in situ dynamic conservation of populations of European white elm (U. laevis Pall.) and wych elm (U. glabra Huds.). The national collection contains 441 clones, partly characterized and evaluated in a European project. The pathological tests and experimental plantations did not reveal clones truly resistant to DED but provided material for the restoration of hedgerows. Two conservation units of white elm and one of wych elm were selected, enriching the pan-European EUFORGEN network for dynamic conservation of forest genetic resources. This programme provides feedback on genetic conservation strategies for forest trees in a health crisis. New partners are invited to make use of the scientific potential of the clone bank and experimental plots.


Ulmus, Genetic Resources, Ex Situ Conservation, In Situ Conservation, France

Authors’ address

Michel Rondouin
Office National des Forêts, Pôle National des Ressources Génétiques Forestières, F-44290 Guémené-Penfao (France)
Luc Harvengt 0000-0003-1524-5273
FCBA, Pole Biotechnology and Advanced Forestry, Forest-Wood Campus of Pierroton, F-33610 Cestas (France)

Corresponding author

Cécile Joyeau


Collin E, Rondouin M, Joyeau C, Matz S, Raimbault P, Harvengt L, Bilger I, Guibert M (2020). Conservation and use of elm genetic resources in France: results and perspectives. iForest 13: 41-47. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3065-013

Academic Editor

Alberto Santini

Paper history

Received: Feb 10, 2019
Accepted: Jan 21, 2020

First online: Feb 03, 2020
Publication Date: Feb 29, 2020
Publication Time: 0.43 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 13593
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 9290
Abstract Page Views: 712
PDF Downloads: 3012
Citation/Reference Downloads: 1
XML Downloads: 578

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 1629
Overall contacts: 13593
Avg. contacts per week: 58.41

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Nov 2020)

(No citations were found up to date. Please come back later)


Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

Brasier C, Webber JF (2019)
Is there evidence for post-epidemic attenuation in the Dutch elm disease pathogen Ophiostoma novo-ulmi? Plant Pathology 68 (5): 921-929.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Collin E (2007)
Les ormes européens, des espèces mal connues [The European elms, ill-known species]. Forêt-entreprise 175: 11-14. [in French]
Collin E, Le Bouler H, Forestier O, Huvelin JP, Rondouin M, Brahic P, Bariteau M, Fady B, Oddou Muratorio S, Thévenet J, Dufour J, Villar M, Girard S, Harvengt L (2012)
Conservation ex situ: collections statiques et valorisation dynamique [Ex situ conservation: static collections and dynamic valorization]. Rendez-vous techniques de l’ONF 36-37: 35-39. [in French]
Online | Gscholar
Collin E, Bozzano M (2015)
Implementing the dynamic conservation of elm genetic resources in Europe: case studies and perspectives. iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry 8 (2): 143-148.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Cox K, Vanden Broeck A, Vander Mijnsbrugge K, Buiteveld J, Collin E, Heybroek HM, Mergeay J (2014)
Interspecific hybridisation and interaction with cultivars affect the genetic variation of Ulmus minor and Ulmus glabra in Flanders. Tree Genetics and Genomes 10: 813-826.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Eriksson G, Namkoong G, Roberds J (1993)
Dynamic gene conservation for uncertain futures. Forest Ecology and Management 62: 15-37.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Fady B, Collin E, Ducousso A, Lefèvre F, Musch B, Fargeix J, Prochasson A, Reinhorn N, Villar M (2012)
Conservation in situ des ressources génétiques forestières: stratégies, dimensions nationale et pan-européenne [In situ conservation of forest genetic resources: strategies, national and pan-European approaches]. Rendez-vous Techniques ONF 36 (37): 28-34. [in French]
Online | Gscholar
Ghelardini L, Falusi M, Santini A (2006)
Variation in timing of bud-burst of Ulmus minor clones of different geographical origins. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36 (8): 1982-1991.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Goodall-Copestake WP, Hollingsworth ML, Hollingsworth PM, Jenkins GI, Collin E (2005)
Molecular markers and ex situ conservation of the European elms (Ulmus spp.). Biological Conservation 122 (4): 537-546.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Harvengt L, Meier-Dinkel A, Dumas E, Collin E (2004)
Establishment of a cryopreserved gene bank of European elms. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34: 43-45.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lemonnier M, Girard S (2007)
Des professionnels impliqués dans la sauvegarde de l’orme: les pépinières forestières de Forges [A private company involved in elm safeguard: Forges forest nursery]. Forêt-Entreprise 175: 47-48. [in French]
Machon N, Lefranc M, Bilger I, Henry JP (1995)
Isoenzymes as an aid to clarify the taxonomy of French elms. Heredity 74 (1): 39-47.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Machon N, Lefranc M, Bilger I, Mazer SJ, Sarr A (1997)
Allozyme variation in Ulmus species from France: analysis of differentiation. Heredity 78 (1): 12-20.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Martin JA, Sobrino-Plata J, Rodriguez-Calcerrada J, Collada C, Gil L (2019)
Breeding and scientific advances in the fight against Dutch elm disease: will they allow the use of elms in forest restoration? New Forests 50: 519.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Pinon J, Cadic A (2007)
Les ormes résistants à la graphiose [DED resistant elm cultivars]. Forêt-Entreprise 175: 37-41.
Pinon J, Husson C, Collin E (2005)
Susceptibility of native French elm clones to Ophiostoma novo-ulmi. Annals of Forest Science 62: 689-696.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Piou D, Benest F, Collin E (2018)
Est-il possible de tirer des enseignements des introductions anciennes? L’exemple de la graphiose de l’orme [Are there any lessons to be learnt from long-standing introductions of pathogens? The case of Dutch Elm Disease]. Revue Forestière Française 70 (6): 621-637. [in French]
CrossRef | Gscholar
Rousseau J, Joly C (2007)
La graphiose en Basse-Normandie depuis 20 ans [20 years with DED in Lower-Normandy]. Forêt-Entreprise 175: 26-28.
Santini A, Pecori F, Pepori A, Brookes A (2011)
“Morfeo” Elm: a new variety resistant to Dutch Elm Disease. Forest Pathology 42 2: 171-176.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Solla A, Bohnens J, Collin E, Diamandis S, Franke A, Gil L, Buron M, Santini A, Mittempergher L, Pinon J, Vanden Broeck A (2005)
Screening European elms for resistance to Ophiostoma novo-ulmi. Forest Science 51 2: 134-141.
Online | Gscholar
Soltner D (1992)
L’orme est de retour: autour de la maison, de la ferme, du village et des champs [The elm is back: by the house, farm, village and fields]. Sciences et techniques agricoles, Sainte-Gemme-sur-Loire, France, pp. 16. [in French]
Online | Gscholar

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info