iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Should the silviculture of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) stands in northern Africa be oriented towards wood or seed and cone production? Diagnosis and current potentiality

Wahbi Jaouadi (1-2)   , Souheila Naghmouchi (3), Moodi Alsubeie (4)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 297-305 (2019)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2965-012
Published: May 27, 2019 - Copyright © 2019 SISEF

Review Papers

The aim of this work is to review studies on the silviculture of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) in North Africa and the Mediterranean basin over a period of 50 years. The study presents a synthesis of: (i) silviculture; (ii) wood productivity and growth; (iii) cone and seed production; and (vi) the socio-economic role of Aleppo pine. The results show that the production of the Aleppo pine is enhanced by the potential of the site, which is closely related to the bioclimatic stage and soil fertility. For instance, production increased from 0.4 to 4 m3 ha-1 yr-1 in an Aleppo pine stand with a dominant height varying between 9.7 and 22.8 m. Previous studies confirmed that the average maximum volume in annual growth of Aleppo pine is 3.3 m3 ha-1 yr-1 for 40-year old stands at good-fertility sites. The lowest values (<0.5 m3 ha-1 yr-1) were recorded for the fourth and last class of productivity in >100-year old stands. There is high demand for Aleppo pine seeds in North Africa, making their production profitable, and this represents an important sector for the sustainable development and improvement of living-standards of the local populations. There has been a steady increase in the demand for seeds across years, with seed production becoming a very promising niche. Silviculture oriented towards the commercial production of seeds is expected to enhance this species, as well as facilitate its preservation.


Aleppo Pine, Pinus halepensis Mill., Silviculture, Wood Production, Seed Production, Socio-economic Role

Authors’ address

Wahbi Jaouadi 0000-0002-3526-6402
Silvo-Pastoral Institute of Tabarka, University of Jendouba, BP 328, 8110 Tabarka (Tunisia)
Wahbi Jaouadi 0000-0002-3526-6402
National Institute of Research in Rural Engineering, Waters and Forests, University of Carthage, BP. 10, Hédi Karray Street, Menzeh IV, Ariana 2080 (Tunisia)
Souheila Naghmouchi
Princess Norah Bint Abdurrahman University, College of Sciences, Biology department, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)
Moodi Alsubeie
Imam Muhammed bin Saud Islamic University, College of Sciences, Biology department, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)

Corresponding author

Wahbi Jaouadi


Jaouadi W, Naghmouchi S, Alsubeie M (2019). Should the silviculture of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) stands in northern Africa be oriented towards wood or seed and cone production? Diagnosis and current potentiality. iForest 12: 297-305. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2965-012

Academic Editor

Tomás Vrska

Paper history

Received: Sep 28, 2018
Accepted: Mar 16, 2019

First online: May 27, 2019
Publication Date: Jun 30, 2019
Publication Time: 2.40 months

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