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Post-fire recovery of the plant community in Pinus brutia forests: active vs. indirect restoration techniques after salvage logging

Okan Ürker (1), Çagatay Tavsanoglu (1)   , Behzat Gürkan (2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 11, Issue 5, Pages 635-642 (2018)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2645-011
Published: Oct 04, 2018 - Copyright © 2018 SISEF

Research Articles


Although reforestation is frequently utilized in many Mediterranean Basin countries to restore burned Mediterranean pine woodlands, post-fire recovery of the plant community is often neglected. To compare the post-fire recovery of the plant community following active and indirect post-fire restoration techniques, we studied three post-fire regeneration treatments in a salvage-logged Pinus brutia forest, including two active (plantation and seeding) restoration techniques and one indirect (natural regeneration). An unburned pine stand was also included in the study. We applied the point-intercept method to obtain data on the presence and cover of individual species and functional groups in six replicate one-hectare plots for each treatment. We found no significant differences in plant species richness among post-fire treatments; however, plant community composition and vegetation structure were significantly different between treatments. There was a shift in plant community structure when active restoration techniques were applied, from the woody- and resprouter-dominated plant community of the unburned site to an annual herbaceous- and non-resprouter-dominated one. Our results suggest that active restoration by planting tree saplings in Mediterranean pine forests after a fire may decrease the plant community’s resilience and provide empirical evidence that pine plantation treatments change the plant species composition of these forests. These results have important implications for post-fire management of Mediterranean Basin pine forests.

  Keywords


Fire, Mediterranean Pine Forest, Plant Cover, Plant Functional Groups, Post-fire Restoration, Resilience, Species Diversity, Turkish Red Pine

Authors’ address

(1)
Okan Ürker
Çagatay Tavsanoglu
Fire Ecology and Seed Research Laboratory, Division of Ecology, Department of Biology, Hacettepe University, 06800 Beytepe, Ankara (Turkey)
(2)
Behzat Gürkan
Institute of Natural Sciences, Yasar University, Izmir (Turkey)

Corresponding author

 
Çagatay Tavsanoglu
ctavsan@hacettepe.edu.tr

Citation

Ürker O, Tavsanoglu Ç, Gürkan B (2018). Post-fire recovery of the plant community in Pinus brutia forests: active vs. indirect restoration techniques after salvage logging. iForest 11: 635-642. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2645-011

Academic Editor

Davide Ascoli

Paper history

Received: Oct 08, 2017
Accepted: Jul 04, 2018

First online: Oct 04, 2018
Publication Date: Oct 31, 2018
Publication Time: 3.07 months

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