iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Biodiversity conservation and wood production in a Natura 2000 Mediterranean forest. A trade-off evaluation focused on the occurrence of microhabitats

Giovanni Santopuoli (1-2-3)   , Marco di Cristofaro (2), Daniel Kraus (4), Andreas Schuck (5), Bruno Lasserre (2), Marco Marchetti (1-2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 76-84 (2019)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2617-011
Published: Jan 24, 2019 - Copyright © 2019 SISEF

Research Articles

The most significant European forest-related strategies highlight the importance of multifunctional forests for human wellbeing, due to the provision of a wide range of goods and services. However, managing competing aims, such as timber production, economic drivers and biodiversity conservation is often difficult for practitioners. In order to assess the loss and gain of ecosystem services caused by forestry, trade-off evaluation has been increasingly used to aid decision-making. In this study, four silvicultural scenarios are simulated using the Marteloscope approach to evaluate the trade-offs between biodiversity conservation and timber production. Tree-related Microhabitats (TreMs) are used as a proxy to evaluate forest habitat value, while timber production is assessed by the number of harvested trees, biomass removal and economic income. This study takes an innovative approach by investigating TreMs using the Marteloscope in mixed Mediterranean forest. The main findings from this paper confirm that tree-related microhabitats can be considered ecological indicators effective in identifying important habitat trees, to assess forest habitat value and support tree marking for thinning operations and management.


Biodiversity Conservation, Sustainable Forest Management, Microhabitats, Habitat Tree, Marteloscope, Timber Production, Precision Forestry

Authors’ address

Giovanni Santopuoli
Marco Marchetti
Centro di Ricerca per le Aree Interne e gli Appennini (ArIA), Università degli Studi del Molise, v. de Sanctis, I-86100 Campobasso (Italy)
Giovanni Santopuoli
Marco di Cristofaro
Bruno Lasserre
Marco Marchetti
Dipartimento di Bioscienze e Territorio, Università degli Studi del Molise, c.da Fonte Lappone, I-86090 Pesche, IS (Italy)
Giovanni Santopuoli
Dipartimento Agricoltura Ambiente e Alimenti, Università degli Studi del Molise, v. de Sanctis, I-86100 Campobasso (Italy)
Daniel Kraus
Chair of Silviculture, University of Freiburg, Tennenbacherstr. 4, D-79085 Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany)
Andreas Schuck
European Forest Institute, Platz der Vereinten Nationen 7, D-53133 Bonn (Germany)

Corresponding author

Giovanni Santopuoli


Santopuoli G, di Cristofaro M, Kraus D, Schuck A, Lasserre B, Marchetti M (2019). Biodiversity conservation and wood production in a Natura 2000 Mediterranean forest. A trade-off evaluation focused on the occurrence of microhabitats. iForest 12: 76-84. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2617-011

Academic Editor

Marco Borghetti

Paper history

Received: Aug 29, 2017
Accepted: Nov 04, 2018

First online: Jan 24, 2019
Publication Date: Feb 28, 2019
Publication Time: 2.70 months

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