*

Regeneration dynamics in the laurel forest: changes in species richness and composition

José Ramón Arévalo (1)   , Lea De Nascimento (1), Silvia Fernández-Lugo (1), Javier Méndez (1), Guacimara González-Delgado (1), Eduardo Balguerías (1), Eduardo Gomes Pereira Cabral (2), José María Fernández-Palacios (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 308-314 (2018)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2580-011
Published: Apr 13, 2018 - Copyright © 2018 SISEF

Research Articles

Collection/Special Issue: COST Action FP1202
Strengthening conservation: a key issue for adaptation of marginal/peripheral populations of forest trees to climate change in Europe (MaP-FGR)
Guest Editors: Fulvio Ducci, Kevin Donnelly


The recovery and survival of the Macaronesian laurel forest depends on its regeneration strategies. After years of long-term monitoring, both sexual and asexual regeneration appear to be equally important. However, the mechanisms for each are just beginning to be understood. In order to contribute to the understanding of the laurel forest sexual regeneration, we analyzed the species composition of the seedling bank every two weeks over three years in the laurel forest of Anaga (Tenerife, Canary Islands). We compared the species compositions of the seedling bank with the canopy, and analyzed changes in their diversity over this period in different forest stands. We found that species diversity (evenness) is different among plots regardless of the stand. In some cases, plot diversity remained constant over time, while others showed some variations, which were little related to climatic conditions (temperature and precipitation). We also found no relationship between the seedling bank and canopy composition, with shade-intolerant species being more abundant in the former. Although climatic conditions remained constant during the period and other environmental conditions did not vary either, some changes were found in the seedling bank species composition. These were related to the increased degree of conservation of the laurel forest of Anaga (by closing unpaved roads, limiting access, and the abandonment of agriculture) that had negatively affected the density of shade-intolerant species. We suggest that such conservation measures should be maintained and extended to other areas where agriculture has been recently abandoned to allow the potential establishment of laurel forest and late successional species.

  Keywords


Conservation, Evenness, Regeneration, Seedling Bank, Species Composition

Authors’ address

(1)
José Ramón Arévalo
Lea De Nascimento
Silvia Fernández-Lugo
Javier Méndez
Guacimara González-Delgado
Eduardo Balguerías
José María Fernández-Palacios
Departamento de Botánica, Ecología y Fisiología Vegetal, Universidad de La Laguna, La Laguna, 38206 Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Spain)
(2)
Eduardo Gomes Pereira Cabral
Instituto de Botânica, Governo do Estado São Paulo, Av. Miguel Stéfano 3687, São Paulo (Brazil)

Corresponding author

 
José Ramón Arévalo
jarevalo@ull.edu.es

Citation

Arévalo JR, De Nascimento L, Fernández-Lugo S, Méndez J, González-Delgado G, Balguerías E, Gomes Pereira Cabral E, Fernández-Palacios JM (2018). Regeneration dynamics in the laurel forest: changes in species richness and composition. iForest 11: 308-314. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2580-011

Academic Editor

Fulvio Ducci

Paper history

Received: Aug 03, 2017
Accepted: Jan 12, 2018

First online: Apr 13, 2018
Publication Date: Apr 30, 2018
Publication Time: 3.03 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 5511
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 4201
Abstract Page Views: 187
PDF Downloads: 884
Citation/Reference Downloads: 13
XML Downloads: 226

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 555
Overall contacts: 5511
Avg. contacts per week: 69.51

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Aug 2019)

Total number of cites (since 2018): 1
Average cites per year: 0.50

 

Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

 
(1)
Acebes JR, León MC, Rodríguez ML, Arco M, García A, Pérez PL, Wildpret De La Torre W, Martín Osorio VE, Marrero Gómez MC, Rodríguez Navarro ML (2010)
Pteridophyta, Spermatophyta. In: “Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias (hongos, plantas y animales terrestres” [Check list of wild species of the Canary Islands: fungus, plants and terrestrial animals] (Arechavaleta M, Rodríguez S, Zurita N, García A eds). Gobierno de Canarias, S/C de Tenerife, Spain, pp. 119-172. [in Spanish]
Gscholar
(2)
Ancochea E, Fúster JM, Ibarrola E, Cendrero A, Coello J, Hernán F, Cantagrel JM, Jamond C (1990)
Volcanic evolution of the island of Tenerife (Canary Islands) in the light of new K-AR data. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 44: 231-249.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(3)
Arteaga MA, González G, Delgado JD, Arévalo JR, Fernández-Palacios JM (2006)
Offspring spatial patterns in Picconia excelsa (Oleaceae) in the Canarian laurel forest. Flora 201: 642-651.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(4)
Arévalo JR (1998)
Distribución espacial y temporal de la laurisilva de Anaga, Tenerife. Islas Canarias [Spatial and temporal distribution of the laurel forest of Anaga, Tenerife. Canary Islands]. PhD Thesis, Universidad de La Laguna, La Laguna, Spain, pp. 110. [in Spanish]
Gscholar
(5)
Arévalo JR, Fernández-Palacios JM (1998)
Treefall gap characteristics and its influence on regeneration in the laurel forest of Tenerife (Canary Islands). Journal of Vegetation Science 9: 297-306.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(6)
Arévalo JR, Fernández-Palacios JM, Palmer M (1999)
Tree regeneration and predicted future dynamics in a laurel forest (Tenerife, Canary Islands). Journal of Vegetation Science 10: 861-868.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(7)
Arévalo JR, Fernández-Palacios JM (2000)
Seed bank analysis of tree species in two stands of the Tenerife laurel forest (Canary Islands). Forest Ecology and Management 130: 177-185.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(8)
Arévalo JR, Delgado JD, Fernández-Palacios JM (2007)
Variation in fleshy fruit fall composition in an island laurel forest of the Canary Islands. Acta Oecologica 32: 152-160.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(9)
Arévalo JR, Fernández-Palacios JM (2007)
Treefall gaps and regeneration composition in the laurel forest of Anaga (Tenerife): a matter of size? Plant Ecology 188: 133-143.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(10)
Arévalo JR, Gónzalez-Delgado G, Mora B, Fernández-Palacios JM (2012)
Compositional and structural differences in two laurel forest stands (windward and leeward) on Tenerife, Canary Islands. Journal of Forest Research 17: 184-192.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(11)
Ceccon E, Huante P, Rincón E (2006)
Abiotic factors influencing tropical dry forests regeneration. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 49: 305-312.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(12)
Del Arco MJ, Wildpret W, Pérez de Paz PL, Rodríguez O, Acebes JR, García A, Martín VE, Reyes JA, Salas M, Díaz MA, Bermejo JA, González R, Cabrera MV, García S (2006)
Mapa de Vegetación de Canarias [Vegetation Map of the Canary Islands]. GRAFCAN, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, pp. 552. [in Spanish]
Gscholar
(13)
Del Arco M, González-González R, Garzón-Machado V, Pizarro-Hernández B (2010)
Actual and potential natural vegetation on the Canary Islands and its conservation status. Biodiversity and Conservation 19: 3089-3140.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(14)
Fernández AB, Goméz-González L (2016)
Qué son los bosques antiguos de laurisilva. Su valor y situación en Canarias [What are the old laurel forest. Value and status in the Canary Islands]. In: “La Gomera entre bosques y taparuchas” [La Gomera between forests and “taparuchas”] (Afonso J ed). Instituto de Estudios Hispánicos de Canarias, Puerto de La Cruz, pp. 1-60. [in Spanish]
Gscholar
(15)
Fernández Caldas E, Tejedor M, Quantin P (1985)
Los suelos volcánicos de Canarias [Volcanic soils of the Canary Islands]. Servicio de Publicaciones Universidad de La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, pp. 248. [in Spanish]
Gscholar
(16)
Fernández-Lugo S, De Nascimento L, Méndez J, González-Delgado G, Gomes EPC, Otto R, Arévalo JR, Fernández-Palacios JM (2015)
Seedling survival patterns in the laurel forest: a long-term study in Tenerife (Canary Islands). Forestry 88: 121-130.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(17)
Fernández-Palacios JM, Arévalo JR (1998)
Regeneration strategies of tree species in the laurel forest of Tenerife. Plant Ecology 137: 21-29.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(18)
Fernández-Palacios JM (2009)
(9360) Laurisilvas macaronésicas (Laurus, Ocotea) [Macaronesian laurel forests]. In: “Bases ecológicas preliminares para la conservación de los tipos de hábitat de interés comunitario en España” [Ecological premises for conservation of habitats of interest in the European Community]. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino, Madrid, Spain, pp. 68. [in Spanish]
Gscholar
(19)
Franklin J, Drake D, Bolick L, Smith D, Motley T (1999)
Rain forest composition and patterns of secondary succession in the Vava’u Island Group, Tonga. Journal of Vegetation Science 10: 51-64.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(20)
García D (2001)
Effects of seed dispersal on Juniperus recruitment on a Mediterranean mountain. Journal of Vegetation Sciences 12: 839-848.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(21)
Gauch H (1982)
Multivariate analysis in community ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 298.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(22)
Hamilton LS, Juvik JO, Scatena FN (1995)
The Puerto Rico tropical cloud forest symposium: Introduction and workshop synthesis. Ecological Studies 110: 1-23.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(23)
Hill M, Gauch H (1980)
Detrended correspondence analysis, an improved ordination technique. Vegetatio 42: 47-58.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(24)
Kämmer F (1974)
Klima und vegetation auf Teneriffa, besonders im Hinblick auf den Nebelniederschalg [Climate and vegetation of Tenerife, with special regard to the fog effect]. Scripta Geobotanica 78, Göttingen, Germany, pp. 19. [in German]
Gscholar
(25)
Kitajima K (2007)
Seed and seedling ecology. In: “Functional Plant Ecology” (Pugnaire, JI, Valladares F eds). CRC Press, Boca Ratón, FL, USA, pp. 549-579.
Gscholar
(26)
Morales G, Pérez R (2000)
Gran atlas temático de Canarias [Great thematic atlas of the Canary Islands]. Editorial Interinsular Canaria, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, pp. 376. [in Spanish]
Gscholar
(27)
Ohsawa M, Shumiya T, Nitta I, Wildpret W, Del Arco M, Reyes-Betancort A (1999)
Structure and differentiation of cloud forest along topographical gradients in Anaga mountains, Tenerife, The Canary Islands. In: “A comparative study on evergreen broad-leaved forest and trees of the Canary Islands and Japan” (Ohsawa M, Wildprett W, Del Arco M eds). Chiba University, Chiba, Japan, pp. 67-118.
Gscholar
(28)
Parsons JJ (1981)
Human influence in the pine and laurel forest of the Canary Islands. Geographical Review 71: 253-271.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(29)
Peterken GF (1996)
Natural woodland: ecology and conservation in northern temperate regions. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 522.
Online | Gscholar
(30)
Rey PJ, Alcántara JM (2000)
Recruitment dynamics of a plant (Olea europaea): connecting patterns of seed dispersal to seedling establishment. Journal of Ecology 88: 622-633.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(31)
Santos A (1990)
Bosques de laurisilva en la región macaronésica [Laurel forests of the Macaronesian Region]. Colección Naturaleza y Medio ambiente 49, Council of Europe, Strasbourg, France, pp. 77. [in Spanish]
Gscholar
(32)
Schupp EW (1995)
Seed-seedling conflicts, habitat choice and patterns of plant recruitment. American Journal of Botany 82: 399-409.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(33)
Shono K, Cadaweng EA, Durst PB (2007)
Application of assisted natural regeneration to restore degraded tropical forestlands. Restoration Ecology 15: 620-626.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(34)
Smith B, Wilson JB (1996)
A consumer’s guide to evenness indices. Oikos 76: 70-82.
Online | Gscholar
(35)
Smith DM, Larson BC, Kelty MJ, Ashton PM (1997)
The practice of silviculture (9th edn). Applied Forest Ecology, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, USA, pp. 537.
Gscholar
(36)
SPSS Inc (1997)
SPSS base 7.5 for Windows. User’s Guide. SPSS Chicago, IL, USA.
Gscholar
(37)
Ter Braak CJF, Šmilauer P (1998)
CANOCO. Reference manual and user’s guide to Canoco for Windows: software for canonical community ordination (4th version). Microcomputer Power, Ithaca, NY, USA, pp. 500.
Gscholar
(38)
Tesfaye G, Teketay D, Fetene M (2002)
Regeneration of fourteen tree species in Harenna forest, southern Ethiopia. Flora 197: 461-467.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(39)
Thompson K (1992)
The functional ecology of the seed banks. In: “The ecology of regeneration in plant communities” (Fenner M ed). CAB International, Wallingford Oxon, UK, pp. 231-257.
Gscholar
(40)
Valido A, Delgado JD (1996)
Estudio sobre la comunidad de aves de la laurisilva de la isla de Tenerife (Islas Canarias) [Study of the laurel forest bird community at the island of Tenerife (Canary Islands)]. Seo-Birdlife, Viceconsejería de Política Territorial del Gobierno de Canarias, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, pp. 167. [in Spanish]
Gscholar
(41)
Vieira DLM, Scariot A (2006)
Principles of natural regeneration of tropical dry forests for restoration. Restoration Ecology 14: 11-20.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(42)
Zar JH (1984)
Biostatistical analysis (2nd edn). Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA, pp. 718.
Gscholar
 

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website