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Distribution of aluminium fractions in acid forest soils: influence of vegetation changes

Lenka Pavlu   , Ondrej Drabek, Sarka Stejskalova, Vaclav Tejnecky, Monika Hradilova, Antonin Nikodem, Lubos Boruvka

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 11, Issue 6, Pages 721-727 (2018)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2498-011
Published: Nov 06, 2018 - Copyright © 2018 SISEF

Research Articles


This study examines aluminium as a potentially phytotoxic element in acidic forest soils. Concentrations of Al forms in soils are generally controlled by soil chemical conditions, such as pH, organic matter, base cation contents, etc. Moreover, soil conditions are influenced by the vegetation cover. This study analyzed the distribution of Al forms in soils after changes in vegetation. HPLC/IC was used for the separation of three Al fractions in two soil extracts according to their charge. An aqueous extract (AlH2O) simulated the natural soil conditions and bioavailable Al fractions. Potentially available Al form was represented by a 0.5 M KCl extract (AlKCl). We demonstrated that the vegetation type influences the concentrations of different Al fractions, mainly in the surface organic horizons. Differences were more common in the KCl extract. The trivalent fraction was less influenced by vegetation changes than the mono- and divalent fractions. Afforestation increased the concentrations of AlKCl and AlH2O. In contrast, grass expansion after deforestation led to significantly decreased concentrations of AlKCl and AlH2O. Concentrations of AlH2O in organic horizons were higher in spruce forest than in beech forest. A long-term effect of liming on soil pH and concentrations of potentially toxic Al fractions was not apparent. The results provide information on the variations of Al fractions distributions following vegetation type changes and indicate the existence of some natural mechanisms controlling Al toxicity. Furthermore, the results can be used in the management of forested areas endangered by soil acidification.

  Keywords


Aluminium Fractionation, Forest Soil, Afforestation, Deforestation, HPLC/IC

Authors’ address

(1)
Lenka Pavlu
Ondrej Drabek
Sarka Stejskalova
Vaclav Tejnecky
Monika Hradilova
Antonin Nikodem
Lubos Boruvka
The Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Department of Soil Science and Soil Protection, Kamýcká 129, 165 00 Prague Suchdol (Czech Republic)

Corresponding author

 
Lenka Pavlu
pavlu@af.czu.cz

Citation

Pavlu L, Drabek O, Stejskalova S, Tejnecky V, Hradilova M, Nikodem A, Boruvka L (2018). Distribution of aluminium fractions in acid forest soils: influence of vegetation changes. iForest 11: 721-727. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2498-011

Academic Editor

Giustino Tonon

Paper history

Received: May 23, 2017
Accepted: Aug 27, 2018

First online: Nov 06, 2018
Publication Date: Dec 31, 2018
Publication Time: 2.37 months

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