iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Effect of drought stress on some growth, morphological, physiological, and biochemical parameters of two different populations of Quercus brantii

Shahram Jafarnia (1), Moslem Akbarinia (1)   , Batool Hosseinpour (2), Seyed Ali Mohammad Modarres Sanavi (3), Seyed A Salami (4)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 212-220 (2018)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2496-010
Published: Mar 01, 2018 - Copyright © 2018 SISEF

Research Articles

In recent years, drought-induced tree mortality has occurred in the oak forests of the Zagros Mountains (western Iran). The impacts of climate change induced by drought stress have been most acutely experienced by two populations of Persian oaks (Quercus brantii Lindl) grown in the western provinces (Ilam and Lorestan) of the Zagros region. We surveyed growth, physiological, and biochemical responses of one-year-old Persian oak seedlings from Melasyah (Ilam) and Chegeni (Lorestan) provenances, which were subjected to three watering regimes (100%, 40%, and 20% of field capacity) in a greenhouse. The severe drought stress decreased the diameter and height growth, total biomass, net photosynthesis, gas exchange, xylem water potential, maximum Rubisco activity (Vcmax) as well as the maximum PSII photochemical efficiency of the oak seedlings in both populations, but the rate of decrease was greater in Chegeni seedlings as compared to Melasyah seedlings. Although proline and soluble sugar contents significantly increased in response to drought in both populations under stress, the rate of increase was higher in Melasyah seedlings as compared to Chegeni seedlings. In addition, the activities of peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, catalase, and ascorbic peroxidase as well as that of phenylalanine ammonia lyase were promoted in both populations under drought stress. However, the incremental rate was higher in the Melasyah population than in the Chegeni population. Under severe drought stress, the MDA content, electrolyte leakage, the content of hydrogen peroxide, and superoxide radical significantly increased in both the populations. The rate of increase, however, was higher in the Chegeni population. Under drought stress, the total phenol and flavonoid contents of Melasyah seedlings were higher than those of Chegeni seedlings. The results showed that Chegeni seedlings are more sensitive than Melasyah seedlings when exposed to a water limitation stress. Our findings suggest that the climate conditions of the Persian oak stands should be considered by nursery managers while creating establishment and restoration programs.


Drought Stress, Persian Oak, Zagros Mountain, Provenance, Drought Resistance

Authors’ address

Shahram Jafarnia
Moslem Akbarinia
Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tarbiat Modares University, P. O. Box 14115-111 (Iran)
Batool Hosseinpour
Department of Agriculture, Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology (IROST), P. O. Box 3353-5111, Tehran (Iran)
Seyed Ali Mohammad Modarres Sanavi
Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, P. O. Box 14115-336, Tehran (Iran)
Seyed A Salami
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, P. O. Box 41111, Tehran (Iran)

Corresponding author

Moslem Akbarinia


Jafarnia S, Akbarinia M, Hosseinpour B, Modarres Sanavi SAM, Salami SA (2018). Effect of drought stress on some growth, morphological, physiological, and biochemical parameters of two different populations of Quercus brantii. iForest 11: 212-220. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2496-010

Academic Editor

Claudia Cocozza

Paper history

Received: May 19, 2017
Accepted: Nov 22, 2017

First online: Mar 01, 2018
Publication Date: Apr 30, 2018
Publication Time: 3.30 months

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