*

Environmental Kuznets curve for deforestation: evidence using GMM estimation for OECD and non-OECD regions

Prathibha Joshi (1), Kris Beck (2)   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 196-203 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2066-009
Published: Dec 13, 2016 - Copyright © 2016 SISEF

Research Articles


The depletion of the world’s forests in both tropical and temperate regions threatens to cause considerable environmental problems and hamper future economic development. However, some research has suggested that this deforestation might slow or reverse, exhibiting an Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC). Yet previous studies investigating such an EKC have found mixed results. We therefore test for a deforestation EKC using an improved dataset from the World Development Indicators and an enhanced econometric technique Arellano-Bover/Blundell-Bond Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) estimator. We compare OECD countries with the non-OECD regions of Latin America, Asia, and Africa to determine how various factors like economic growth, population, trade, urbanization, agricultural land conversion, and cereal yield impact deforestation rates. The results show that the OECD countries have an N-shaped curve whereas only the African region experiences an income-based EKC pattern. Population growth tends to create more deforestation as does conversion to agricultural lands. More trade openness and greater urbanization impact the regions differently, but only the OECD countries have less deforestation due to better cereal yields.

  Keywords


Environmental Kuznets Curve, Deforestation, GMM, OECD, Non-OECD

Authors’ address

(1)
Prathibha Joshi
Gordon State College, Department of Business and Public Service, 419 College Drive, Barnesville, GA 30204 (USA)
(2)
Kris Beck
Gordon State College, Department of History and Political Science, 419 College Drive, Barnesville, GA 30204 (USA)

Corresponding author

 

Citation

Joshi P, Beck K (2016). Environmental Kuznets curve for deforestation: evidence using GMM estimation for OECD and non-OECD regions. iForest 10: 196-203. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2066-009

Academic Editor

Agostino Ferrara

Paper history

Received: Mar 24, 2016
Accepted: Oct 06, 2016

First online: Dec 13, 2016
Publication Date: Feb 28, 2017
Publication Time: 2.27 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 8717
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 6118
Abstract Page Views: 257
PDF Downloads: 1813
Citation/Reference Downloads: 44
XML Downloads: 485

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 1089
Overall contacts: 8717
Avg. contacts per week: 56.03

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Aug 2019)

Total number of cites (since 2017): 1
Average cites per year: 0.33

 

Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

 
(1)
Allen J, Barnes D (1985)
The causes of deforestation in developing countries. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 75 (2): 163-184.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(2)
Arellano M, Bond S (1991)
Some tests of specification for panel data: Monte Carlo evidence and an application to employment equations. The Review of Economic Studies 58 (2): 277-297.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(3)
Arellano M, Bover O (1995)
Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models. Journal of Econometrics 68: 29-51.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(4)
Arrow K, Bolin B, Costanza R, Dasgupta P, Folke C, Holling CS, Jansson B, Levin S, Mäler K, Perrings C, Pimental D (1995)
Economic growth, carrying capacity, and the environment. Science 268: 520-521.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(5)
Asner G, Knapp D, Broadbent E, Oliveira P, Keller M, Silva J (2005)
Selective logging in the Brazilian Amazon. Science 310: 480-482.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(6)
Barbier EB (1997)
The economic determinants of land degradation in developing countries. Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences 352 (1356): 891-899.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(7)
Barbier EB, Burgess JC (2001)
The economics of tropical deforestation. Journal of Economic Surveys 15 (3): 413-433.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(8)
Barbier EB (2004)
Explaining agricultural land expansion and deforestation in developing countries. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 86 (5): 1347-1353.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(9)
Barker T, Bashmakov I, Bernstein L, Bogner JE, Bosch PR, Dave R, Davidson OR, Fisher BS, Gupta S, Halsnæs K, Heij BJ, Kahn Ribeiro S, Kobayashi S, LevineMD, Martino DK, Masera O, Metz B, Meyer L, Nabuurs G-J, Najam A, Nakicenovic N, Rogner H-H, Roy J, Sathaye J, Schock R, Shukla P, Sims REH, Smith P, Tirpak DA, Urge-Vorsatz D, Zhou D (2007)
Technical summary. In: “Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change” (Metz B, Davidson OR, Bosch PR, Dave R, Meyer LA eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 25-93.
Online | Gscholar
(10)
Benhin J (2006)
Agriculture and deforestation in the tropics: a critical theoretical and empirical review. Ambio 35 (1): 9-16.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(11)
Bhattarai M, Hammig M (2001)
Institutions and the environmental Kuznets curve for deforestation: a cross-country analysis for Latin America, Africa and Asia. World Development 29 (6): 995-1010.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(12)
Blundell R, Bond S (1998)
Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models. Journal of Econometrics 87: 115-143.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(13)
Carr D, Suter L, Barbieri A (2005)
Population dynamics and tropical deforestation: state of the debate and conceptual challenges. Population and Environment 27 (1): 89-113.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(14)
Cropper M, Griffiths C (1994)
The interaction of population growth and environmental quality. The American Economic Review 84 (2): 250-254.
Online | Gscholar
(15)
Culas R (2007)
Deforestation and the environmental Kuznets curve: an institutional perspective. Ecological Economics 61: 429-437.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(16)
Deininger K, Minten B (1999)
Poverty, policies, and deforestation: the case of Mexico. Economic Development and Cultural Change 47 (2): 313-344.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(17)
Dinda S (2004)
Environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis: a survey. Ecological Economics 49: 431-455.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(18)
Ehrhardt-Martinez K, Crenshaw E, Jenkins J (2002)
Deforestation and the environmental Kuznets curve: cross-national evaluation of intervening mechanisms. Social Science Quarterly 83 (1): 226-243.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(19)
Ferreira S (2004)
Deforestation, property rights and international trade. Land Economics 80 (2): 174-193.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(20)
Geist H, Lambin E (2002)
Proximate causes and underlying driving forces of tropical deforestation. BioScience 52 (2): 143-150.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(21)
Grossman GM, Krueger A (1991)
Environmental impacts of a North American free trade agreement, NBER Working Paper No. 3914. Also published 1993 In: “The Mexico-US Free Trade Agreement” (Garber PM ed). The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, pp. 13-57.
Online | Gscholar
(22)
Grossman GM (1995)
Pollution and growth. What do we know? In: “The Economics of Sustainable Development” (Goldin I, Winters A eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 19-47.
Online | Gscholar
(23)
Halkos G (2003)
Environmental Kuznets curve for sulfur: evidence using GMM estimation and random coefficients panel data models. Environment and Development Economics 8: 581-601.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(24)
Kahn JR, McDonald JA (1995)
Third-world debt and tropical deforestation. Ecological Economics 12: 107-123.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(25)
Kanowski P, McDermott C, Cashore B (2010)
Implementing REDD+: lessons from analysis of forest governance. Environmental Science and Policy: 1-7.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(26)
Klooster D (2003)
Forest transitions in Mexico: institutions and forests in a globalized countryside. The Professional Geographer 55 (2): 227-237.
Online | Gscholar
(27)
Koop G, Tole L (2001)
Deforestation, distribution, and development. Global Environmental Change 11: 193-202.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(28)
Kuznets S (1955)
Economic growth and income inequality. The American Economic Review 45: 1-28.
Online | Gscholar
(29)
Lantz V (2002)
Is there an environmental Kuznets curve for clearcutting in Canadian forests? Journal of Forest Economics 8: 199-212.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(30)
López R, Galinato G (2005)
Deforestation and forest-induced carbon dioxide emissions in tropical countries: how do governance and trade openness affect the forest-income relationship? The Journal of Environment and Development 14 (1): 73-99.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(31)
Mather AS, Needle CL (2000)
The relationships of population and forest trends. The Geographical Journal 166 (1): 2-13.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(32)
Mather AS (2004)
Forest transition theory and the reforesting of Scotland. Scottish Geographical Journal 120 (1-2): 83-98.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(33)
McCarthy S, Tacconi L (2011)
The political economy of tropical deforestation: Assessing models and motives. Environmental Politics 20 (1): 115-132.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(34)
Mendelsohn R, Balick M (1995)
The value of undiscovered pharmaceuticals in tropical forests. Economic Botany 49: 223-228.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(35)
Meyfroidt P, Rudel T, Lambin E (2010)
Forest transitions, trade, and the global displacement of land use. Proceedings of the National Academy of the Sciences of the United States of America 107 (49): 20917-20922.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(36)
OECD (2015)
Material resources, productivity and the environment. OECD Green Growth Studies, OECD Publishing, Paris, France, pp. 89, 140-148.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(37)
Panayotou T (2003)
Economic growth and the environment. Economic Survey of Europe 2: 45-72.
Online | Gscholar
(38)
Perz S, Skole D (2003)
Secondary forest expansion in the Brazilian Amazon and the refinement of forest transition theory. Society and Natural Resources 16: 277-294.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(39)
Ramankutty N (2010)
Agriculture and forests: recent trends, future prospects. In: “Linkages of Sustainability” (Graedel TE, vander Voet E eds). MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, pp. 11-31.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(40)
Rudel T, Bates D, Machinguiashi R (2002)
A tropical forest transition? Agricultural change, out-migration, and secondary forests in the Ecuadorian Amazon. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 92 (1): 87-102.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(41)
Rudel TK, Coomes OT, Moran E, Achard F, Angelson A, Xu J, Lambin E (2005)
Forest transitions: Towards a global understanding of land use change. Global Environmental Change 15: 23-31.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(42)
Scrieciu SS (2007)
Can economic causes of tropical deforestation be identified at a global level? Ecological Economics 62: 603-612.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(43)
Shafik N (1994)
Economic development and environmental quality: an econometric analysis. Oxford Economic Papers 46: 757-773.
Online | Gscholar
(44)
Sharma S (2011)
Determinants of carbon dioxide emissions: Empirical evidence from 69 countries. Applied Energy 88: 376-382.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(45)
Stern DI, Common MS, Barbier EB (1996)
Economic growth and environmental degradation: The environmental Kuznets curve and sustainable development. World Development 32: 1419-1439.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(46)
Wong P, Bredehoeft G (2014)
U.S. wood pellet exports double in 2013 in response to growing European demand. US Energy Information Administration, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 1.
Online | Gscholar
(47)
World Bank (2010)
World Bank development indicators, online. World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, web site.
Online | Gscholar
(48)
Yasemin B, Zeki T (2007)
Removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution by sawdust adsorption. Journal of Environmental Sciences 19: 160-166.
CrossRef | Gscholar
 

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website