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Nitrogen deposition and its impact on forest ecosystems in the Czech Republic - change in soil chemistry and ground vegetation

Radek Novotný (1)   , Václav Buriánek (1), Vít Šrámek (1), Iva Hunová (2), Irena Skorepová (3), Miloš Zapletal (4-5), Bohumír Lomský (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 48-54 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1847-009
Published: Jun 29, 2016 - Copyright © 2016 SISEF

Research Articles

Collection/Special Issue: IUFRO RG7.01.00 - Nice (France 2015)
Global Challenges of Air Pollution and Climate Change to Forests
Guest Editors: Elena Paoletti, Pierre Sicard


A repeated soil survey (1995 and 2006) on 66 ICP Forests pair plots in the Czech Republic revealed a significant relationship between modeled nitrogen deposition and nitrogen concentration in the soil. Nitrogen deposition was modeled for the years 1995, 2004 and 2006. We found a more significant relationship between deposition data in 2004 and soil data in 2006 than between deposition and soil data from the same year 2006. Concentration of total nitrogen in forest soil increased from 1995 to 2006. Forest soil showed effects of increased nitrogen input from the humus layer to around 20 cm depth of mineral soil. The occurrence and cover of nitrophilous species in the herb layer increased from 1995 to 2006 in 25% of the analyzed plots, which corresponds to the nitrogen increase in forest soil. The results suggest that nitrogen deposition still represents a threat for Czech forest ecosystems.

  Keywords


Nitrogen Deposition, Soil Chemistry, Ground Vegetation, Ecosystem Changes, Norway Spruce

Authors’ address

(1)
Radek Novotný
Václav Buriánek
Vít Šrámek
Bohumír Lomský
Forestry and Game Management Research Institute, Strnady 136, 252 02 Jílovište (Czech Republic)
(2)
Iva Hunová
Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Na Šabatce 2050/17, 143 06 Prague (Czech Republic)
(3)
Irena Skorepová
Czech Geological Survey, Geologická 6, 152 00 Prague (Czech Republic)
(4)
Miloš Zapletal
Ekotoxa - Centre for Environment and Land Assessment, Otická 37, 746 01 Opava (Czech Republic)
(5)
Miloš Zapletal
Silesian University in Opava, Faculty of Philosophy and Science, Masarykova 37, 746 01 Opava (Czech Republic)

Corresponding author

 
Radek Novotný
novotny@vulhm.cz

Citation

Novotný R, Buriánek V, Šrámek V, Hunová I, Skorepová I, Zapletal M, Lomský B (2016). Nitrogen deposition and its impact on forest ecosystems in the Czech Republic - change in soil chemistry and ground vegetation. iForest 10: 48-54. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1847-009

Academic Editor

Elena Paoletti

Paper history

Received: Sep 01, 2015
Accepted: Mar 11, 2016

First online: Jun 29, 2016
Publication Date: Feb 28, 2017
Publication Time: 3.67 months

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