iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


A comparative study of four approaches to assess phenology of Populus in a short-rotation coppice culture

Stefan PP Vanbeveren (1)   , Jasper Bloemen (1-2), Manuela Balzarolo (1), Laura S Broeckx (1), Isabele Sarzi-Falchi (1-3), Melanie S Verlinden (1), Reinhart Ceulemans (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 682-689 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1800-009
Published: May 12, 2016 - Copyright © 2016 SISEF

Research Articles

We compared four approaches to assess phenology in a short-rotation coppice culture with 12 poplar (Populus) genotypes. The four approaches quantified phenology at different spatial scales and with different temporal resolutions: (i) visual observations of bud phenology; (ii) measurements of leaf area index; (iii) webcam images; and (iv) satellite images. For validation purposes we applied the four approaches during two years: the year preceding a coppice event and the year following the coppice event. The delayed spring greenup and the faster canopy development in the year after coppicing (as compared to the year before coppicing) were similarly quantified by the four approaches. The four approaches detected very similar seasonal changes in phenology, although they had different spatial scales and a different temporal resolution. The onset of autumn senescence after coppicing remained the same as in the year before coppicing according to the bud set observations, but it started earlier according to the webcam images, and later according to the MODIS images. In comparison to the year before coppicing, the growing season - in terms of leaf area duration - was shorter in the year after coppicing, while the leaf area index was higher.


ExG Index, Leaf Area Index, MODIS, NDVI, WRDVI, POPFULL

Authors’ address

Stefan PP Vanbeveren
Jasper Bloemen
Manuela Balzarolo
Laura S Broeckx
Isabele Sarzi-Falchi
Melanie S Verlinden
Reinhart Ceulemans
University of Antwerp, Department of Biology, Research Center of Excellence on Plant and Vegetation Ecology, Universiteitsplein 1, B-2610 Wilrijk (Belgium)
Jasper Bloemen
University of Innsbruck, Institute of Ecology, Research group on Ecophysiology and Ecosystem Processes, Sternwartestraβe 15, 6020 Innsbruck (Austria)
Isabele Sarzi-Falchi
Instituto Florestal, Seção de Silvicultura, Rua do Horto 931, CEP 02377-000, São Paulo (Brazil)

Corresponding author

Stefan PP Vanbeveren


Vanbeveren SPP, Bloemen J, Balzarolo M, Broeckx LS, Sarzi-Falchi I, Verlinden MS, Ceulemans R (2016). A comparative study of four approaches to assess phenology of Populus in a short-rotation coppice culture. iForest 9: 682-689. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1800-009

Academic Editor

Silvano Fares

Paper history

Received: Aug 10, 2015
Accepted: Feb 15, 2016

First online: May 12, 2016
Publication Date: Oct 13, 2016
Publication Time: 2.90 months

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