iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Nine-year monitoring of cambial seasonality and cell production in Norway spruce

Kyriaki Giagli (1)   , Jožica Gričar (2), Hanuš Vavrčík (1), Vladimír Gryc (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 375-382 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1771-008
Published: Jan 16, 2016 - Copyright © 2016 SISEF

Research Articles

We analyzed the relationship between weather conditions and year-to-year (1981-1989) variation in the seasonal dynamics of cambial cell production (CCP) in Norway spruce in a monoculture forest area in the Czech Republic. We found that the timing of CCP greatly varied among the studied years. The onset of CCP occurred at the beginning of May and was strongly correlated with the April mean temperature. CCP ceased by the end of August. The timing of the cessation of CCP was more variable among trees and among years than its onset. The amount of precipitation positively influenced the duration of CCP and the average rate of cell production positively correlated to the minimum temperature in January-April, as well as the maximum temperature during the growing period. Our results show that the timing and the rate of CCP of xylem cells are influenced by temperature and precipitation. However, weather-xylem growth relations of spruce from temperate forests under climatic conditions are complex, since trees are known to respond less strongly to climatic average variation than influences of extreme conditions.


Picea abies, Temperature, Precipitation, Wood Formation, Xylem Increment, Light Microscopy

Authors’ address

Kyriaki Giagli
Hanuš Vavrčík
Vladimír Gryc
Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Department of Wood Science, Zemedelska 3, 613 00 Brno (Czech Republic)
Jožica Gričar
Slovenian Forestry Institute, Vecna pot 2, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

Corresponding author

Kyriaki Giagli


Giagli K, Gričar J, Vavrčík H, Gryc V (2016). Nine-year monitoring of cambial seasonality and cell production in Norway spruce. iForest 9: 375-382. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1771-008

Academic Editor

Paolo Cherubini

Paper history

Received: Jul 15, 2015
Accepted: Oct 05, 2015

First online: Jan 16, 2016
Publication Date: Jun 01, 2016
Publication Time: 3.43 months

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