iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Nutritional, carbon and energy evaluation of Eucalyptus nitens short rotation bioenergy plantations in northwestern Spain

Marta González-García (1)   , Andrea Hevia (1), Juan Majada (1), Fernando Rubiera (2), Marcos Barrio-Anta (3)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 303-310 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1505-008
Published: Oct 05, 2015 - Copyright © 2015 SISEF

Research Articles

This study provides essential information related to the nutrient and carbon levels and the energy potential of Eucalytpus nitens (Deane & Maiden) Maiden bionenergy plantations located in northwestern Spain. Nutritional analysis showed that leaves and bark had the highest concentrations of N, P, K and Mg. Carbon concentration was constant for all above-ground tree components. Nutrients and carbon were analyzed at stand level according to plantation productivity. Stemwood, the main tree component at the end of the rotation, had the highest nutrient content, except for N and Ca, which were highest in leaves and bark respectively. Based on this study, the nutrient content per ha of above-ground biomass was 243-706 kg N, 44-122 kg P, 131-375 kg K, 121-329 kg Ca and 25-67 kg Mg at the end of the bioenergy rotation (6-12 years, depending on site quality) and 19-56 Mg C ha-1. Energy analysis showed a fairly constant Net Calorific Value for wood, 18.32 ± 0.19 MJ kg-1. The results obtained are valuable for selecting the most appropriate forest management system in these bioenergy plantations, and thereby promote the sustainable use of woody crops.


Eucalyptus, Woody Crops, Bioenergy, Site Quality, Nutrient, Carbon, Energy Potential, Calorific Value

Authors’ address

Marta González-García
Andrea Hevia
Juan Majada
Forest and Wood Technology Research Centre (CETEMAS), E-33820 Grado (Spain)
Fernando Rubiera
Instituto Nacional del Carbon (INCAR-CSIC), Apartado 73, E-33080 Oviedo (Spain)
Marcos Barrio-Anta
Department of Organisms and Systems Biology, Polytechnic School of Mieres, University of Oviedo, E-33600 Mieres (Spain)

Corresponding author

Marta González-García


González-García M, Hevia A, Majada J, Rubiera F, Barrio-Anta M (2015). Nutritional, carbon and energy evaluation of Eucalyptus nitens short rotation bioenergy plantations in northwestern Spain. iForest 9: 303-310. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1505-008

Academic Editor

Gianfranco Minotta

Paper history

Received: Nov 19, 2014
Accepted: May 18, 2015

First online: Oct 05, 2015
Publication Date: Apr 26, 2016
Publication Time: 4.67 months

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