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Light acclimation of leaf gas exchange in two Tunisian cork oak populations from contrasting environmental conditions

Touhami Rzigui (1)   , Habiba Khiari (1), Zouhaier Abbes (2), Khaoula Ben Baaziz (1), Ichrak Jaouadi (3), Zouheir Nasr (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 700-706 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1306-007
Published: Jan 08, 2015 - Copyright © 2015 SISEF

Research Articles


Due to diverse environmental conditions, Mediterranean plant populations are exposed to a range of selective pressures that may lead to phenotypic plasticity and local adaptation. We examined the effect of light acclimation on photosynthetic capacity in two Quercus suber (L.) populations that are native to different ecological conditions. Low-light adapted seedlings from both populations were exposed to three light treatments: full sunlight (HL), medium light (ML, 43% sunlight) and low light (LL, 15% sunlight) for one month. Photosynthetic performance was monitored by measuring leaf gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters. The light environment influences light-saturated carbon assimilation (Amax) in the leaves of the population inhabiting the hot and dry region (from Gaafour). In contrast, there was no significant difference in Amax between leaves grown in high light and low light from Feija (the population native to a cold and humid climate), which suggests an inability of the Feija population to adjust its photosynthesis to respond to higher irradiance. The inability of the Feija population to adjust its photosynthesis did not result from a light acclimation failure in terms of chlorophyll content and ratio compared with the Gaafour population. Instead, it seems to be the consequence of lower stomatal conductance in the Feija population at HL compared to Gaafour.

  Keywords


Quercus suber L., Photosynthesis, Stomatal Conductance, Light, Acclimation

Authors’ address

(1)
Touhami Rzigui
Habiba Khiari
Khaoula Ben Baaziz
Zouheir Nasr
National Research Institute for Rural Engineering, Waters, and Forestry, Box 10, Ariana 2080 (Tunisia)
(2)
Zouhaier Abbes
Field Crop Laboratory, Carthage University, National Institute for Agricultural Research of Tunisia (INRAT), Rue Hédi Karray, 2080 Ariana (Tunisia)
(3)
Ichrak Jaouadi
EL Manar University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Tunis (Tunisia)

Corresponding author

 
Touhami Rzigui
rziguitouhami@gmail.com

Citation

Rzigui T, Khiari H, Abbes Z, Baaziz KB, Jaouadi I, Nasr Z (2015). Light acclimation of leaf gas exchange in two Tunisian cork oak populations from contrasting environmental conditions. iForest 8: 700-706. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1306-007

Academic Editor

Silvano Fares

Paper history

Received: Apr 03, 2014
Accepted: Sep 04, 2014

First online: Jan 08, 2015
Publication Date: Oct 01, 2015
Publication Time: 4.20 months

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