iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Ulmus laevis in the Iberian Peninsula: a review of its ecology and conservation

Martin Venturas (1), Pablo Fuentes-Utrilla (2), Rosana López (1), Ramón Perea (1), Victoria Fernández (1), Antonio Gascó (3), Paula Guzmán (1), Meng Li (1), Jesús Rodríguez-Calcerrada (1), Eva Miranda (1), Jorge Domínguez (1), Guillermo González-Gordaliza (1), Elena Zafra (1), Miriam Fajardo-Alcántara (1), Juan A Martín (1), Richard Ennos (4), Nikos Nanos (1), Juan J Lucena (5), Salustiano Iglesias (6), Carmen Collada (1), Luis Gil (1)   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 135-142 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1201-008
Published: Aug 07, 2014 - Copyright © 2015 SISEF

Review Papers

Collection/Special Issue: 3rd International Elm Conference, Florence (Italy - 2013)
The elms after 100 years of Dutch Elm disease
Guest Editors: A. Santini, L. Ghelardini, E. Collin, A. Solla, J. Brunet, M. Faccoli, A. Scala, S. De Vries, J. Buiteveld

European white elm (Ulmus laevis Pallas) populations are scarce, small and fragmented in the Iberian Peninsula. Due to these characteristics the indigenous status of the species in the region has been questioned, whilst the species’ role in Iberian riparian forest ecology has been neglected. Herein we review past studies regarding this species’ distribution and ecology in the Iberian Peninsula, with special emphasis on the establishment of conservation priorities. We first present a collection of palaeogeographic, historic and genetic data suggesting that the Iberian Peninsula was a glacial refuge for U. laevis. Secondly, we analyse U. laevis distribution in relation to soil physico- chemical properties and water availability in Spain. Following this, we focus on the reproductive biology of the species, and investigate the effect of masting and empty seed production on predation and regeneration establishment. Finally, based on this knowledge, we propose conservation policies for U. laevis in the Iberian Peninsula.


Elm Conservation, Drought-stress Vulnerability, Root Iron Uptake, Population Genetics, Seed Dispersal, Seed Predation, Ulmus laevis’ Distribution

Authors’ address

Martin Venturas
Rosana López
Ramón Perea
Victoria Fernández
Paula Guzmán
Meng Li
Jesús Rodríguez-Calcerrada
Eva Miranda
Jorge Domínguez
Guillermo González-Gordaliza
Elena Zafra
Miriam Fajardo-Alcántara
Juan A Martín
Nikos Nanos
Carmen Collada
Luis Gil
GENFOR, Grupo de Investigación en Genética y Fisiología Forestal, E.T.S.I. Montes, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)
Pablo Fuentes-Utrilla
ARK-Genomics, The Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, EH25 9RG Edinburgh (UK)
Antonio Gascó
IE University, Cardenal Zúñiga 12, E-40003 Segovia (Spain)
Richard Ennos
Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Rd., EH9 9JT Edinburgh (UK)
Juan J Lucena
Departamento de Química Agrícola, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid (Spain)
Salustiano Iglesias
Dirección General Desarrollo Rural y Política Forestal, Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente, Madrid (Spain)

Corresponding author


Venturas M, Fuentes-Utrilla P, López R, Perea R, Fernández V, Gascó A, Guzmán P, Li M, Rodríguez-Calcerrada J, Miranda E, Domínguez J, González-Gordaliza G, Zafra E, Fajardo-Alcántara M, Martín JA, Ennos R, Nanos N, Lucena JJ, Iglesias S, Collada C, Gil L (2015). Ulmus laevis in the Iberian Peninsula: a review of its ecology and conservation. iForest 8: 135-142. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1201-008

Academic Editor

Alberto Santini

Paper history

Received: Dec 13, 2013
Accepted: Mar 01, 2014

First online: Aug 07, 2014
Publication Date: Apr 01, 2015
Publication Time: 5.30 months

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