*

Evaluating short term simulations of a forest stand invaded by emerald ash borer

Abe Levin-Nielsen, Lynne K Rieske   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 19-24 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1163-007
Published: May 26, 2014 - Copyright © 2015 SISEF

Research Articles


The invasive emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis - EAB) is causing rapid and widespread ash (Fraxinus spp.) mortality in eastern North America, has established populations near Moscow, Russia, and is threatening ash resources in Europe. Given the prevalence of susceptible hosts these post-invasion forests will clearly differ from their pre-invasion counterparts. Understanding these changes is key to mitigating the impacts of invasion and developing sound management strategies. We evaluated short term changes in a forest stand invaded by EAB, and examined if the southern variant of the Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) could accurately predict those changes. Through simulation, managers can gain a clearer understanding of how pest invasions impact and alter future forest dynamics. However, many simulators are designed to achieve long-term predictions and thus do not align with the short term changes associated with rapid EAB-induced ash mortality. Woody vegetation was surveyed in 2010 and used to project impacts of EAB invasion into 2012 by simulating a 50% ash mortality rate. The same plots were then re-surveyed in 2012, allowing us to evaluate: (1) changes in actual forest composition and structure; and (2) simulation accuracy. Within our forest stand, FVS accurately estimated short term changes in stem density and basal area parameters, thus demonstrating its value as a short-term simulator for EAB-induced changes within the southern region of the United States. EAB-induced ash mortality is quickly changing these forests and will ultimately alter how stakeholders manage their lands. We discuss the potential usefulness of FVS as a tool for aiding management decisions in response to EAB invasion.

  Keywords


Ash, Forest Succession, Modeling, Forest Vegetation Simulator

Authors’ address

(1)
Abe Levin-Nielsen
Lynne K Rieske
Department of Entomology, University of Kentucky, S-225 Agricultural Science Center North, 40546-0091 Lexington, KY (USA)

Corresponding author

 

Citation

Levin-Nielsen A, Rieske LK (2015). Evaluating short term simulations of a forest stand invaded by emerald ash borer. iForest 8: 19-24. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1163-007

Academic Editor

Massimo Faccoli

Paper history

Received: Oct 23, 2013
Accepted: Apr 02, 2014

First online: May 26, 2014
Publication Date: Feb 02, 2015
Publication Time: 1.80 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 12870
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 9391
Abstract Page Views: 340
PDF Downloads: 2247
Citation/Reference Downloads: 75
XML Downloads: 817

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 2104
Overall contacts: 12870
Avg. contacts per week: 42.82

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Aug 2019)

Total number of cites (since 2015): 3
Average cites per year: 0.60

 

Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

 
(1)
Adkins JK, Rieske LK (2013)
Loss of a foundation forest species due to an exotic invader impacts terrestrial arthropod communities. Forest Ecology and Management 295: 126-135.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(2)
Anonymous (2003)
Natural resource information service (NRIS): field sampled vegetation (FSVeg) common stand exam (v. 1.5.1). Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Fort Collins, CO, USA, pp. 6.
Gscholar
(3)
Anulewicz AC, McCullough DG, Cappaert DL (2007)
Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) density and canopy dieback in three North American ash species. Arboriculture and Urban Forestry 33: 338.
Gscholar
(4)
Aukema JE, Leung B, Kovacs K, Chivers C, Britton KO, Englin J, Frankel SJ, Haight RG, Holmes TP, Liebhold AM (2011)
Economic impacts of non-native forest insects in the continental United States. PLoS One 6: e24587.
Online | Gscholar
(5)
Bao T, Luo Y, Xu Z, Shi J, Liu Y (2008)
Growth simulation of Fraxinus chinensis stands damaged by Hyphandria cunea in Beijing area. Forestry Studies in China 10: 60-63.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(6)
Boerner RE, Brinkman JA (1996)
Ten years of tree seedling establishment and mortality in an Ohio deciduous forest complex. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 309-317. - di:
CrossRef | Gscholar
(7)
Burns RM, Honkala BH (1990)
Silvics of North America: Volume 2. Hardwoods. USDA Forest Service Agricultural Handbook 654, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 335.
Gscholar
(8)
Byers JE, Reichard S, Randall JM, Parker IM, Smith CS, Lonsdale WM, Atkinson IAE, Seastedt TR, Williamson M, Chornesky E, Hayes D (2002)
Directing research to reduce the impacts of nonindigenous species. Conservation Biology 16: 630-640.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(9)
Cappaert D, McCullough DG, Poland TM, Siegert NW (2005)
Emerald ash borer in North America: a research and regulatory challenge. American Entomologist 51: 152-165.
Online | Gscholar
(10)
Coleman TW, Clarke SR, Meeker JR, Rieske LK (2008)
Forest composition following overstory mortality from southern pine beetle and associated treatments. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38: 1406-1418.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(11)
Dixon GE (2002)
Essential FVS: a user’s guide to the Forest Vegetation Simulator. Internal Report, Forest Management Service Center, USDA Forest Service, Fort Collins, CO, USA, pp. 209.
Online | Gscholar
(12)
EAB (2014)
Home page. College of Agriculture, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.
Online | Gscholar
(13)
Ehrenfeld JG (2010)
Ecosystem consequences of biological invasions. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 41: 59-80.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(14)
Emeraldashborer.info (2014)
Home page. USDA Forest Service, Michigan State University, Purdue University, Ohio State University, USA.
Online | Gscholar
(15)
Faanes CA (1984)
Wooded islands in a sea of prairie. American Birds 38: 3-6.
Online | Gscholar
(16)
Flower C, Knight K, Gonzalez-Meler M (2013a)
Impacts of the emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) induced ash (Fraxinus spp.) mortality on forest carbon cycling and successional dynamics in the eastern United States. Biological Invasions 15: 931-944.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(17)
Flower CE, Knight KS, Rebbeck J, Gonzalez-Meler MA (2013b)
The relationship between the emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) and ash (Fraxinus spp.) tree decline: using visual canopy condition assessments and leaf isotope measurements to assess pest damage. Forest Ecology and Management 303: 143-147.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(18)
Flower CE, Long LC, Knight KS, Rebbeck J, Brown JS, Gonzalez-Meler MA, Whelan CJ (2014)
Native bark-foraging birds preferentially forage in infected ash (Fraxinus spp.) and prove effective predators of the invasive emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire). Forest Ecology and Management 313: 300-306.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(19)
Gandhi KK, Herms D (2010a)
Direct and indirect effects of alien insect herbivores on ecological processes and interactions in forests of eastern North America. Biological Invasions 12: 389-405.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(20)
Gandhi KJ, Herms DA (2010b)
North American arthropods at risk due to widespread Fraxinus mortality caused by the alien emerald ash borer. Biological Invasions 12: 1839-1846.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(21)
Haack RA (2006)
Exotic bark- and wood-boring Coleoptera in the United States: recent establishments and interceptions. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36 (2): 269-288.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(22)
Haack RA, Jendek E, Liu H, Marchant KR, Petrice TR, Poland TM, Ye H (2002)
The emerald ash borer: a new exotic pest in North America. Newsletter of the Michigan Entomological Society 47: 1-5.
Online | Gscholar
(23)
Hubbell SP, Foster RB (1986)
Canopy gaps and the dynamics of a neotropical forest. In: “Plant ecology” (Crawley M ed). Blackwell, Oxford, UK, pp. 77-96.
Gscholar
(24)
Kennedy HE (1990)
Green ash. In: “Silvics of North America (vol 2). Hardwoods” (Burns RM, Honkala BH). Agricultural Handbook 654, USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 348.
Gscholar
(25)
Klooster W, Herms D, Knight K, Herms C, McCullough D, Smith A, Gandhi KK, Cardina J (2014)
Ash (Fraxinus spp.) mortality, regeneration, and seed bank dynamics in mixed hardwood forests following invasion by emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis). Biological Invasions 16 (4): 859-873.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(26)
Knight K, Brown J, Long R (2013)
Factors affecting the survival of ash (Fraxinus spp.) trees infested by emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis). Biological Invasions 15: 371-383.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(27)
Martin AC, Zim HS, Nelson AL (1961)
American wildlife and plants, a guide to wildlife food habits: the use of trees, shrubs, weeds, and herbs by birds and mammals of the United States. Courier Dover Publications, New York, USA, pp. 359.
Gscholar
(28)
Pimentel D, Zuniga R, Morrison D (2005)
Update on the environmental and economic costs associated with alien-invasive species in the United States. Ecological Economics 52: 273-288.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(29)
Platt WJ, Strong DR (1989)
Treefall gaps and forest dynamics-Special Feature. Ecology 70: 535-576.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(30)
Radtke PJ, Herring ND, Loftis DL, Keyser CE (2011)
Evaluating forest vegetation simulator predictions for Southern Appalachian upland hardwoods with a modified mortality model. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 36: 61-70.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(31)
Rebek EJ, Herms DA, Smitley DR (2008)
Interspecific variation in resistance to emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) among North American and Asian ash (Fraxinus spp.). Environmental Entomology 37: 242-246.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(32)
Reiners WA, Reiners NM (1970)
Energy and nutrient dynamics of forest floors in three Minnesota forests. Journal of Ecology 58: 497-519.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(33)
Schlesinger RC (1990)
White ash. In: “Silvics of North America (vol. 2). Hardwoods” (Burns RM, Honkala BH). Agricultural Handbook 654, USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 333.
Gscholar
(34)
Spaulding HL (2009)
Forest of the future: simulating the effects of exotic invasive species on forest structure and composition. MS thesis, Department of Entomology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA, pp. 99.
Gscholar
(35)
Spaulding HL, Rieske LK (2010)
The aftermath of an invasion: structure and composition of Central Appalachian hemlock forests following establishment of the hemlock woolly adelgid, Adelges tsugae. Biological Invasions 12: 3135-3143.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(36)
Spaulding HL, Rieske LK (2011)
A glimpse at future forests: predicting the effects of Phytophthora ramorum on oak forests of southern Appalachians. Biological Invasions 13: 1367-1375.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(37)
Spurr SH (1962)
A measure of point density. Forest Science 8: 85-96.
Gscholar
(38)
Straw NA, Williams DT, Kulinich O, Gninenko YI (2013)
Distribution, impact and rate of spread of emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in the Moscow region of Russia. Forestry 86: 515-522.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(39)
Tanis SR, McCullough DG (2012)
Differential persistence of blue ash and white ash following emerald ash borer invasion. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 42: 1542-1550.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(40)
Tubbs CH (1977)
Natural regeneration of northern hardwoods in the northern Great Lakes region. Research Paper NC-150, North Central Forest Experiment station,USDA Forest Service, St. Paul, MN, USA, pp. 19.
Online | Gscholar
(41)
Vannatta AR, Hauer RH, Schuettpelz NM (2012)
Economic analysis of emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) management options. Journal of Economic Entomology 105: 196-206.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(42)
Wharton ME, Barbour RW (1973)
Trees and shrubs of Kentucky. University of Kentucky Press, Lexington, KY, USA, pp. 582.
Gscholar
(43)
Wilcove DS, Rothstein D, Dubow J, Phillips A, Losos E (1998)
Quantifying threats to imperiled species in the United States. BioScience 48: 607-615.
CrossRef | Gscholar
 

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website