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iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

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Historical utilization of wood in southeastern Moravia (Czech Republic)

Vera Filková   , Tomáš Kolár, Michal Rybníček, Vladimír Gryc, Hanuš Vavrčík, Josef Jurčík

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 101-107 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1091-007
Published: May 07, 2014 - Copyright © 2015 SISEF

Technical Notes


In the present study, anatomical features were used to identify tree species chosen to craft farming tools from the 19th and first half of the 20th century preserved in specimen inventories of the open-air museum in Strážnice, south-eastern Moravia (Czech Republic). In total, 701 samples from 337 historical farming tools were obtained from museum specimens. The samples were identified at micro- or macroscopic levels, or both. Results indicated local people used floodplain forest wood to construct farming tools in the study region. Nineteen wood species were identified; from this total, those with higher densities and better mechanical properties were used to manufacture tools, and included predominantly beech, oak, and ash. Softwood species, with lower densities were mainly used for chiseled out implements. We hypothesized regional forest species composition played an essential role in woody species choice, however the species also possessed appropriate properties. Cultivated tree species, such as fruit trees, were employed to create common objects; however, currently, these species are typically applied for special purposes. We concluded an increased number of species were employed in the past for utilitarian purposes, including tree species grown outside local forest boundaries, including cultivated fruit tree species; and species were utilized with good, although perhaps tacit, knowledge of their properties.

  Keywords


Farming Tools, Forest Species Composition, Open-air Museum, South-eastern Moravia, Wood Identification

Authors’ address

(1)
Vera Filková
Tomáš Kolár
Michal Rybníček
Vladimír Gryc
Hanuš Vavrčík
Josef Jurčík
Department of Wood Science, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelská 3, 613-00 Brno (Czech Republic)

Corresponding author

 
Vera Filková
vera.filkova@gmail.com

Citation

Filková V, Kolár T, Rybníček M, Gryc V, Vavrčík H, Jurčík J (2015). Historical utilization of wood in southeastern Moravia (Czech Republic). iForest 8: 101-107. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1091-007

Academic Editor

Raffaele Lafortezza

Paper history

Received: Jul 30, 2013
Accepted: Apr 28, 2014

First online: May 07, 2014
Publication Date: Feb 02, 2015
Publication Time: 0.30 months

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