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Spruce budworm biological and nutritional performance responses to varying levels of monoterpenes

M Kumbasli (1)   , É Bauce (2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 6, Issue 6, Pages 310-314 (2013)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor0956-006
Published: Jul 16, 2013 - Copyright © 2013 SISEF

Research Articles


Dose effect of six monoterpenes (α-pinene, bornyl acetate, camphene, δ-3-carene, terpinolene, tricyclene) found in the foliage of host trees was tested on sixth-instar spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.)) using artificial diet. The larval mortality, growth and food utilization have been observed. Two monoterpenes, α-pinene and δ-3-carene caused 22 and 12% mortality respectively at concentrations found in balsam fir foliage. Bornyl acetate and camphene reduced larval survival when their concentration was higher than the foliage. Terpinolene and tricyclene have no effect on mortality. All six tested monoterpenes reduced larval growth rate. Spruce budworm tried to minimize this negative growth impact by increasing his digestibility in presence of camphene and δ-3-carene, and by increasing his efficiency of conversion of ingested-digested food with α-pinene and bornyl acetate. These results support the traditional theory that monoterpenes are a defense agent against spruce budworm and that each monoterpene has a different mode of action and effects which are not necessarily proportional to its concentration.

  Keywords


Herbivore Defense, Monoterpenes, Insect-plant Interaction

Authors’ address

(1)
M Kumbasli
Faculty of Forestry, Istanbul University, 34473 Bahçeköy, Istanbul (Turkey)
(2)
É Bauce
Département des Sciences du Bois et de la Forêt, Faculté de Foresterie et de Géomatique, Université Laval, G1V 0A6 Québec, QC (Canada)

Corresponding author

 

Citation

Kumbasli M, Bauce É (2013). Spruce budworm biological and nutritional performance responses to varying levels of monoterpenes. iForest 6: 310-314. - doi: 10.3832/ifor0956-006

Academic Editor

Massimo Faccoli

Paper history

Received: Jan 24, 2013
Accepted: Apr 09, 2013

First online: Jul 16, 2013
Publication Date: Dec 02, 2013
Publication Time: 3.27 months

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