iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Use of BIOME-BGC to simulate water and carbon fluxes within Mediterranean macchia

M Chiesi (1)   , G Chirici (2), P Corona (3), P Duce (4), R Salvati (3), D Spano (5), FP Vaccari (1), F Maselli (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 38-43 (2012)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor0605-009
Published: Apr 02, 2012 - Copyright © 2012 SISEF

Research Articles

The biogeochemical model BIOME-BGC is capable to estimate the main ecophysiological processes characterising all terrestrial ecosystems. To this aim it needs to be properly adapted to reproduce the behaviour of each biome type through a calibration phase. The aim of this paper is to adapt BIOME-BGC to reproduce the evapotranspiration (ET) and photosynthesis (GPP) of Mediterranean macchia spread all over Italy. Ten different sites were selected in the Centre-South of Italy and their gross primary production (GPP) was estimated by applying a parametric model, C-Fix, based on remotely sensed data for ten years (1999-2008). These monthly data were then used to calibrate BIOME-BGC through an iterative process which led to reproduce the spatial and temporal GPP variations found by C-Fix. The calibrated model was then applied to simulate the ET and GPP of two Italian sites characterised by the presence of an eddy flux tower; its performances were evaluated against ground data by common statistics. The results obtained indicate that, after a proper calibration phase, BIOME-BGC can be applied to estimate the evapotranspiration and photosynthesis of Mediterranean macchia with a good accuracy, strictly dependent on the input data utilised.


Evapotranspiration, Gross primary production, C-Fix, E-OBS dataset

Authors’ address

M Chiesi
FP Vaccari
F Maselli
IBIMET-CNR, via Madonna del Piano 10, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy)
G Chirici
EcoGeoFor - Università del Molise, Contrada Fonte Lappone snc, 86090 Pesche, IS (Italy)
P Corona
R Salvati
DISAFRI - Università della Tuscia, v. S. Camillo Lellis snc, I-01100 Viterbo (Italy)
P Duce
IBIMET-CNR, Traversa la Crucca 3, Regione Baldinca, I-07100 Li Punti, SS (Italy)
D Spano
Università degli Studi di Sassari, Dipartimento di Economia e Sistemi Arborei (DESA), Euro Mediterranean Center on Climate Change - CMCC, via De Nicola 9, I-07100 Sassari (Italy)

Corresponding author


Chiesi M, Chirici G, Corona P, Duce P, Salvati R, Spano D, Vaccari FP, Maselli F (2012). Use of BIOME-BGC to simulate water and carbon fluxes within Mediterranean macchia. iForest 5: 38-43. - doi: 10.3832/ifor0605-009

Academic Editor

Roberto Tognetti

Paper history

Received: Dec 05, 2011
Accepted: Mar 07, 2012

First online: Apr 02, 2012
Publication Date: Apr 30, 2012
Publication Time: 0.87 months

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