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Landscape-scale Ips typographus attack dynamics: from monitoring plots to GIS-based disturbance models

R Jakus (1)   , L Zajíčkova (2), P Cudlín (3), M Blaženec (1), M Turčani (2), M Ježík (1), F Lieutier (4), F Schlyter (5)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 4, Issue 6, Pages 256-261 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor0589-004
Published: Dec 13, 2011 - Copyright © 2011 SISEF

Progress Reports

Collection/Special Issue: COST Action FP0903 (2010) - Rome (Italy)
Research, monitoring and modelling in the study of climate change and air pollution impacts on forest ecosystems
Guest Editors: E Paoletti, J-P Tuovinen, N Clarke, G Matteucci, R Matyssek, G Wieser, R Fischer, P Cudlin, N Potocic


In natural spruce stands, a change of generation is usually initiated by wind or bark beetle disturbances. We combined semi-temporary monitoring plots, remote sensing, and GIS in order to understand and model these processes. Sub plots, called “active”, were located in areas with a high probability of bark beetle or wind disturbances. The optimal location of these plots is usually at an active forest edge, i.e., the zone of maximal change in bark beetle abundance over time, corresponding to the border between wind-damaged or bark beetle-attacked parts and undisturbed parts of a forest stand. The key variable investigated was tree mortality caused by bark beetles. Other variables were similar to those recorded in traditional forest monitoring. Tree defense indicators (resin flow, phenolic compounds) and reaction of a tree to bark beetle inoculation were measured. Terrestrial data were then combined with remote sensing data. Time series of satellite images were analyzed in order to define the pattern of wind and bark beetle damages. Weather monitoring data were used for predicting bark beetle and water stress development. All of the information was integrated in a GIS-based system and future bark beetle infestations were predicted. In this paper, we review previous studies and conclude that: (1) the hypotheses of habitat selection (non-host volatiles and semiochemical diversity) and location of moderately-stressed host trees are confirmed, although further work about olfactory orientation and host resistance is needed;(2) reactions of trees to bark beetle attack can be predicted by monitoring several parameters, e.g., air temperature and tree physiology; (3) data from ground monitoring can be integrated with GIS and remote sensing systems for bark beetle prognosis and management at the habitat and landscape levels.

  Keywords


Spruce, Ips typographus, Attack, Drought, Host

Authors’ address

(1)
R Jakus
M Blaženec
M Ježík
Institute of Forest Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Stúrova 2, 960 53 Zvolen (Slovakia)
(2)
L Zajíčkova
M Turčani
Department of Forest Protection and Wildlife Management, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 1176, 165 00 Praha-Suchdol (Czech Republic)
(3)
P Cudlín
Institute of Systems Biology and Ecology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Sádkách 7, 370 05 Ceské Budejovice (Czech Republic)
(4)
F Lieutier
University of Orleans, LBLGC, UPRES EA 1207, rue de Chartres, BP 6759, F-45067 Orleans Cedex 2 (France)
(5)
F Schlyter
Chemical Ecology, Department of Plant Protection Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), PO Box 102, SE-230 53 Alnarp (Sweden)

Corresponding author

Citation

Jakus R, Zajíčkova L, Cudlín P, Blaženec M, Turčani M, Ježík M, Lieutier F, Schlyter F (2011). Landscape-scale Ips typographus attack dynamics: from monitoring plots to GIS-based disturbance models. iForest 4: 256-261. - doi: 10.3832/ifor0589-004

Paper history

Received: Dec 23, 2010
Accepted: Apr 26, 2011

First online: Dec 13, 2011
Publication Date: Dec 13, 2011
Publication Time: 7.70 months

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