iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


The treatment of land use, land use change and forestry in the post-2012 climate agreement: a perspective from non-Annex I Parties

S Federici, G Galluzzi   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 56-58 (2010)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor0533-003
Published: May 17, 2010 - Copyright © 2010 SISEF

Technical Reports

Given the greater vulnerability of developing countries to climate change, their paramount interest is to establish effective mitigation policies including the land use and forestry sectors as part of the post-2012 Climate Agreement. In this context, an accounting system for land use, land use change and forestry acceptable to non-Annex I Parties can arise only if critical elements in current accounting rules are removed and a solution to data uncertainties is found. Indeed, current accounting rules oppose the fundamental principles outlined in the both Convention on climate change and in the Kyoto protocol. They require accounting of only a portion of land-use activities and exclude forest management, give special provisions to exclude some net emissions from accounting, do not require the use of a reference level in quantifying net emissions and risk remunerating business as usual mitigation actions. Encouragingly, the current negotiation text contains options which, if adopted, would define an accounting system capable of responding to developing countries’ expectations. These options include the establishment of a national reference level suited to country-specific circumstances and other measures to ensure that only truly additional mitigation actions are remunerated and that all anthropogenic net emissions on managed lands are included. Finally, the opportunity of applying the principle of conservativeness in the future accounting routine is discussed, as a straightforward and effective instrument to correct uncertain estimates and therefore to reduce the risks of assigning an incorrect amount of credits and debits in this complex sector.


Forests, Land use, Mitigation, Accounting, Kyoto Protocol

Authors’ address

S Federici
G Galluzzi
Coalition for Rainforest Nations, 370 Lexington Avenue, 26th Floor, 10017 New York (USA)

Corresponding author



Federici S, Galluzzi G (2010). The treatment of land use, land use change and forestry in the post-2012 climate agreement: a perspective from non-Annex I Parties. iForest 3: 56-58. - doi: 10.3832/ifor0533-003

Paper history

Received: Feb 24, 2010
Accepted: Mar 19, 2010

First online: May 17, 2010
Publication Date: May 17, 2010
Publication Time: 1.97 months

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European Commission (2010)
International climate policy post-Copenhagen: acting now to reinvigorate global action on climate change. EC Communication (policy paper) 86, March 2010.
Online | Gscholar
Grassi G, Federici S, Pilli R (2010)
What happened to forests in Copenhagen? iForest 3: 30-32.
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Grassi G, Monni S, Federici S, Achard F, Mollicone D (2008)
Applying the conservativeness principle to REDD to deal with the uncertainties of the estimates. Environmental Research Letters 3: 035005.
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UNFCCC (2006)
Updated UNFCCC reporting guidelines on annual inventories following incorporation of the provisions of decision 14/CP11.
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UNFCCC (2007)
Climate change: impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation in developing countries.
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UNFCCC (2009)
Report of the ad hoc working group on further commitments for annex I parties under the Kyoto Protocol on 10th session. Copenhagen (Denmark) 7-15 December 2009, Agenda Item 5.
Online | Gscholar

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