iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Long-term implications of traditional forest regulation methods applied to Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) forests in central Spain: a century of management plans

F Bravo (1-2)   , LF Osorio (1-4), V Pando (2-3), C Del Peso (1-2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 33-38 (2010)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor0526-003
Published: Mar 02, 2010 - Copyright © 2010 SISEF

Research Articles

Pinus pinaster stands in the northern Iberian range (Spain) have been under forest management plans for more than a century. The main goals have been sustainable yield and conservation and enhancement of forest conditions. In the study area, forest management plan implementation started to be effective in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and the plans have been evaluated every ten years. In these forests, a permanent forest compartment method has been applied as the management system. Different regeneration methods have been applied (uniform shelterwood and clear cutting in Soria, selective and uniform shelterwood and continuous cover forestry in Teruel). To analyse the evolution of each forest group, five management indicators have been tested in this study: number of merchantable trees, standing volume, resin production, allowable yield, and harvested volume. Forest situation improvement and maintenance of forest integrity are not only a consequence of the actions planed by foresters, they are also influenced by socio-economic transformations that have occurred during the last century such as the weakness of the resin market, decreasing demand for fire wood, restriction of pasture activities, and increasing recreation use.


Forest regulation, Indicators, Standing volume, Harvest volume, Pinus pinaster Ait.

Authors’ address

F Bravo
LF Osorio
C Del Peso
Dept. de Producción Vegetal y Recursos Forestales, E.T.S. de Ingenierías Agrarias, Universidad de Valladolid, Avda. de Madrid, 44 E-34004 Palencia (Spain)
F Bravo
V Pando
C Del Peso
Sustainable Forest Management Research Institute UVa-INIA (Spain)
V Pando
Departamento de Estadística e Investigación Operativa. Universidad de Valladolid (Spain)
LF Osorio
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Medellín (Colombia)

Corresponding author



Bravo F, Osorio LF, Pando V, Del Peso C (2010). Long-term implications of traditional forest regulation methods applied to Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) forests in central Spain: a century of management plans. iForest 3: 33-38. - doi: 10.3832/ifor0526-003

Academic Editor

Renzo Motta

Paper history

Received: Nov 03, 2009
Accepted: Dec 18, 2009

First online: Mar 02, 2010
Publication Date: Mar 02, 2010
Publication Time: 2.47 months

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