*
 

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

*

Spatial and temporal changes of Hyrcanian forest in Iran

M Poorzady (1)   , F Bakhtiari (2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 2, Issue 5, Pages 198-206 (2009)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor0515-002
Published: Oct 15, 2009 - Copyright © 2009 SISEF

Research Articles


Original old-growth northern forests of Iran are essential sources of genetic variation, biodiversity, commercial woody products, and various environmental services (e.g., ground water reservation, auxiliary forest products provision, wildlife habitation, and erosion control). Today, the forests are depleting rapidly due to population growth, and associated socio-economic problems, industrial development, urbanism, and more recently intensive/irregular tourism. Satellite image processing and other geo-spatial tools have been used in Iran from the early 80’s to map the vegetative attributes of forests for environmental resource monitoring. This paper aims to build up a basic assumption of when and how the spectral, spatial and temporal features of satellite-borne remote sensing have been applied for the sustainable resource monitoring of the Caspian forests of Iran. To this end, available literature will be reviewed, specific features of the studies discussed in brief, and the future prospects for remote sensing-aided delineation of structural and functional characteristics of the forests will be outlined.

  Keywords


Iranian Caspian forests, Natural resource monitoring and management, Remote Sensing, Satellite-borne image analysis

Authors’ address

(1)
M Poorzady
Department of Forestry and Forest Economy, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
(2)
F Bakhtiari
Department of Environmental Science, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

Corresponding author

 

Citation

Poorzady M, Bakhtiari F (2009). Spatial and temporal changes of Hyrcanian forest in Iran. iForest 2: 198-206. - doi: 10.3832/ifor0515-002

Academic Editor

Agostino Ferrara

Paper history

Received: Apr 19, 2009
Accepted: Aug 24, 2009

First online: Oct 15, 2009
Publication Date: Oct 15, 2009
Publication Time: 1.73 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 24017
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 18816
Abstract Page Views: 1029
PDF Downloads: 3757
Citation/Reference Downloads: 27
XML Downloads: 388

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 3951
Overall contacts: 24017
Avg. contacts per week: 42.55

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Jun 2020)

Total number of cites (since 2009): 17
Average cites per year: 1.42

 

Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

 
(1)
Abbasi M (2001)
Investigating the possibility of Fagus orientalis stand type mapping using ETM+ data in Chalir district-Nowshahr. M.Sc dissertation, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran-Iran, pp. 114. [In Persian]
Gscholar
(2)
Adl AH (1960)
Climatic partitioning of Iran. University of Tehran press, Tehran, Iran. [in Persian].
Gscholar
(3)
Anonymous (1984)
Forest area assessment and change detection using satellite information and aerial photographs. Bulletin No.24, Statistics & Information Office of the Ministry of Agriculture and the Faculty of Natural Resources-University of Tehran-Iran. [In Persian]
Gscholar
(4)
Anonymous (1994)
Landuse mapping of Guilan/Mazandaran provinces. Bulletin No. 23, Statistics & Information Office of the Ministry of Agriculture, Tehran-Iran. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(5)
Anonymous (1995)
Investigating the application of RS/GIS to detect and manage natural resources in Shahroud-Semnan province. Remote sensing and GIS group, Forest, Rangelands and Watershed Organization of Iran. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(6)
Anonymous (1996)
Investigating the application of remotely sensed data to quantitative/qualitative evaluation of coastal areas in Chalus-Mazandaran. Remote sensing and GIS group, Forest, Rangelands and Watershed Organization of Iran. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(7)
Anonymous (1997)
Investigation and application of RS/GIS to natural resource management, map generation and change detection in Golestan province. Remote sensing and GIS group, Forest, Rangelands and Watershed Organization of Iran. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(8)
Anonymous (2002)
land use mapping and change detection of coastal areas in Northern Iran using aerial orthophotographs. Remote sensing and GIS group, Forest, Rangelands and Watershed Organization of Iran. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(9)
Anonymous (2004a)
Providing the 1:250 000 vegetation map of the entire country using Landsat5-TM data acquired on 1998. Remote sensing and GIS group, Forest, Rangelands and Watershed Organization of Iran. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(10)
Anonymous (2004b)
Quantitative and qualitative assessment of Northern forests of Iran using ETM+, SPOT5, IRS, and determining their capability. Remote sensing and GIS group, Forest, Rangelands and Watershed Organization of Iran. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(11)
Azizi Z, Najafi A, Sohrabi H (2008)
Forest canopy density estimating, using satellite images. Commission VIII, WG VIII/11, Proceedings of ISPRS, Beijing (China) 2008. pp. 4.
Gscholar
(12)
Bakhshandeh B, Oladi DJ (2004)
Studying the possibility of the use of Landsat satellite imagery in separating Fagus orientalis and Carpinus betulus mixture in the northern forests of Iran (Case study of Choa Jie forest). Commission PS, WG VII/3, Proceedings of ISPRS2004, Istanbul-Turkey, pp. 4.
Gscholar
(13)
Beaubien J (1979)
Forest type mapping from LANDSAT digital data. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 45: 1135-1144.
Online | Gscholar
(14)
Benz U, Hoffman P, Willhauck G, Lingenfelder I, Heynen M (2004)
Multi-resolution, Object-oriented fuzzy analysis of remote sensing data for GIS ready information. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 58: 239-258.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(15)
Billingsley FC (1984)
Remote sensing for monitoring vegetation: an emphasis on satellites. In: “The Role of terrestrial vegetation in the global carbon cycle” (Woodwell GM ed). John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, pp. 161-180.
Online | Gscholar
(16)
Coppin P, Bauer ME (1996)
Change detection in forest ecosystems with remote sensing digital imagery. Remote Sensing Reviews 13: 207-234.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(17)
Danson FM (1987)
Preliminary evaluation of the relationships between SPOT-1 HRV data and forest stand parameters. International Journal of Remote Sensing 8: 1571-1575.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(18)
Darvishsefat AA (1998)
Remote sensing. M.Sc booklet, Dept. of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran, pp. 164. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(19)
Desclee B, Bogart P, Defourny P (2006)
Forest change detection by statistical object-based method. Remote Sensing of Environment 102: 1-11.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(20)
Fallah Shamsi SR (1997)
Accuracy assessment of satellite based maps using sampling. M.Sc Dissertation, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran, pp. 86. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(21)
Farzaneh A (2007)
Application of image fusion (object fusion) for forest classification in northern forests of Iran. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 9: 43-54.
Online | Gscholar
(22)
Franklin SE (2001)
Remote sensing for sustainable forest management. Lewis Publishers, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 407.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(23)
Fraser RH, Abuelgasim A, Latifovic R (2005)
A method for detecting large-scale forest cover change using coarse spatial resolution imagery. Remote Sensing of Environment 95: 414-427.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(24)
Ghazanfari H (1996)
Investigation of the application of satellite data for classifying forest types in the forests managed by mazandaran wood and paper company. M.Sc. dissertation, Faculty of Forestry, University of Gorgan, Iran, pp. 124. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(25)
Greegor DH (1986)
Ecology from space. BioScience 36: 429-432.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(26)
Haghighi M (2004)
Investigating the forest stand changes in western Guilan using satellite data. M.Sc. thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, pp. 120. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(27)
Hame TH (1988)
Interpretation of forest changes from satellite scanner imagery. In: “Satellite imageries for forest inventory and monitoring; experiences, methods, perspectives”, Research Notes No. 21. Department of forest mensuration and management, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 31- 42.
Gscholar
(28)
Hopkins PF, MacLean AL, Lillesand TM (1988)
Assessment of thematic mapper imagery for forestry applications under Lake States conditions. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 54: 61-68.
Online | Gscholar
(29)
Hosseini F (2000)
Investigation and determination of harvested forest areas using satellite images and aerial photography. M.Sc. dissertation, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, Iran, pp. 130. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(30)
Hosseini Razi MM (1994)
Change detection of vegetation cover over Sari-Ghaemshahr region (1955-1990) using 1:55 000 aerial and 1:50 000 Cosmus space photographs. M.Sc. dissertation, Faculty of natural resources, University of Tehran, Iran, pp. 71. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(31)
Hosseini SZ, Khajeddin SJ, Azarnivand H, Khalilpour SA (2004)
Landuse mapping using ETM+ data (case study of Chamestan area,Iran). Proceedings of ISPRS2004, Istanbul-Turkey, pp. 3.
Gscholar
(32)
Hosseinpour A, Moayyeri MH, Yachkaschi A (2004)
Evaluation modeling of periodic forest degradation using GIS techniques and its application in forest conservation. Proceedings of the conference on forest conservation in sustainable management. Faculty of natural resources, University of Tehran, Iran, pp. 208-219. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(33)
Iverson LR, Graham RL, Cook EA (1989)
Applications of satellite remote sensing to forested ecosystems. Landscape Ecology 3 (2): 131-143.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(34)
Khorrami R (2004)
Evaluating ETM+ data to assess the standing tree volume on Fagus orientalis stands (a case study of Sangdeh forests). M.Sc. dissertation, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran, pp. 80. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(35)
Lillesand TM, Kiefer RW (2000)
Remote sensing and image interpretation. John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, pp. 735.
Gscholar
(36)
Majani A (2002)
Investigating IRS-1C-PAN data potential to produce forest maps in Northwestern Guilan. M.Sc. dissertation, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran, pp. 98. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(37)
Makhdoum M, Darvishsefat AA, Jafarzadeh H, Makhdoum A (2004)
Environmental evaluation and planning by Geographic Information System. University of Tehran Press, Tehran, Iran, pp. 304. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(38)
Marvi Mohadjer M (2005)
Silviculture.University of Tehran Press, Tehran, Iran, pp. 387. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(39)
Mirakhorlo KH (2003)
Land cover/land use mapping of the Northern forests of Iran using Landsat ETM+ data. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research 11. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(40)
Mirakhorlo KH (2004)
Forest canopy density estimation using remote sensing data. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research 13. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(41)
Mirakhorlo KH (2007)
Investigation on boundary changes of northern forests of Iran using remotely sensed data. Final report, Iranian Research Institute of Forest and Rangelands, Tehran, Iran. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(42)
Moeinazad SM (2006)
The assessment of biophysical FCD model to evaluate forest density using Landsat 7 data. M.Sc. dissertation, Faculty of natural resources, University of Tehran, Iran, pp. 95. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(43)
Moshtagh Kahnamuii MH, Rasaneh Y (1990)
The Preliminary comprehensive plan of Caspian forests (Vol. 1: Summary). Technical forestry office, The ministry of Jahad-e-Sazandegi, Tehran, Iran. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(44)
Najjarlou S, Shataee SH (2006)
Stydying the capability of forest area mapping using satellite images featuring appropriate spectral/spatial resolution (a case study of Kodkuy, Golestan). Proceedings of the Conference of Iran Forests Future, Faculty of natural resources, University of Tehran, Iran. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(45)
Oladi DJ (1988)
Studying the spectral reflection of tress (beech and oak species) with use of satellite data. M.Sc. dissertation, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tarbiat Modarres, Iran, pp. 120. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(46)
Partovi A, Talouri AR (2002)
The application of satellite image processing methods in vegetation studies of Guilan province. Proceedings of national conference on the management of northern forests of Iran and sustainable development. Faculty of natural resources, University of Tehran, Iran, pp. 501-525. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(47)
Pir Bavaghar M (2004)
Change detection of forest area related to topographic and human- induced factors (a case study of eastern Guilan). M.Sc dissertation, Faculty of natural resources, University of Tehran-Iran. pp. 136. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(48)
Poorshakouri F (2006)
Separating the northern border of Caspian forests using multitemporal satellite images (a case study of Chaboksar-Mazandaran). M.Sc. dissertation, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran, pp. 93. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(49)
Ramtin nia K (1997)
Preparing forest covetype map using digital satellite information in Kheiroudkenar Forest- Nowshahr. MS.c. Dissertation, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran, pp. 96. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(50)
Sabeti H (1965)
Vegetative societies of northern forests of Iran. Forestry Institution Bulletin, Tehran, Iran. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(51)
Saei K (1942)
Slight notion about forests of Iran. Tehran Forestry Office Press. Tehran, Iran. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(52)
Sagheb Talebi KH, Yazdiyan F (2005)
A look to the forests of Iran. Iranian Research Institute of Forest and Rangelands, Tehran, Iran. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(53)
Shahbabaei S (2004)
Forest Type and Density Mapping Using ETM+ Imagery. MS.c. Thesis, Faculty of Forestry, University of Gorgan, Iran, pp. 124. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(54)
Shao G, Zhao S, Shugart H, Wang S, Schaller J (1996)
Forest cover types derived from Landsat thematic mapper imagery for Changbai Mountain area of China. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26 (2): 206-16.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(55)
Shataee S, Kellenberge, Darvishsefat AA (2004)
Forest types classification using ETM+ data in the north of Iran/comparison of object-oriented with pixel-based classification techniques. C- Commission PS, Working Group VII/1, Proceedings of ISPRS2004, Istanbul-Turkey. pp. 6.
Gscholar
(56)
Shataee SH (1996)
Forest mapping aided by digital satellite data. M.Sc. dissertation, Faculty of natural resources, University of Tehran, Iran, pp. 120. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(57)
Shataee SH (2003)
Investigation of the possibility of forest type mapping using satellite information (a case study of Kheiroudkenar forest - Nowshahr). PhD thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran, pp. 155. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(58)
Shirian R (1997)
Vegetation mapping of Golestan national park using GIS and Landsat TM data. M.Sc. dissertation, Faculty of Range and Watershed Management, University of Gorgan, Iran, pp. 99. [in Persian]
Gscholar
(59)
Watanabe H, Hatamura R (1981)
Monitoring of forest felling through analysis of artificial satellite’s information. Proc. 17<sup>th</sup> IUFRO Congr. Div. 6, Ibaraki, Japan, pp. 496.
Gscholar
 

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info