*

Establishment of a planted field with Mediterranean shrubs in Sardinia and its evaluation for climate mitigation and to combat desertification in semi-arid regions

GD De Dato, L Loperfido, P De Angelis   , R Valentini

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 77-84 (2009)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor0498-002
Published: Jun 10, 2009 - Copyright © 2009 SISEF

Research Articles


Forested areas are important in arid and semi-arid regions primarily to combat desertification, but also to increase carbon sinks. To reverse the land degradation processes, restoration in the Mediterranean Basin had been frequently obtained by planting indigenous and exotic conifers, but it has been demonstrated that shrubs are nurse species for tree seedlings. Furthermore, planting indigenous shrubs is more efficient than allochthonous in restoring degraded soils. The aims of this work were: 1) to illustrate an experimental area in Sardinia used as a test-site to build up afforestation and reforestation activities in arid and semi-arid areas with autochthonous shrub species; 2) to show the results on plant survival and biomass one year after plantation trying to explain the role of different densities and specific compositions; 3) to hypothesize some trends of C accumulation of this “artificial” Mediterranean semi-arid shrubland by comparison with data found in the literature. The area is located in North West Sardinia, and is characterized by a Mediterranean climate. The revegetation was set up in February 2006, planting local species (Juniperus phoenicea, Pistacia lentiscus and Rosmarinus officinalis). Three densities and three specific compositions (monospecific plots with P. lentiscus, monospecific plots with J. phoenicea and mixed plots with the three cited species) were combined. One month after plantation, almost all plants were alive, but mortality increased after summer, independently of the treatments, likely due to summer drought. During the first year, no differences among the densities and the specific compositions were observed. Total above-ground biomass was in the range of 0.8-3.0 g m-2. Below-ground biomass was in the range of 0.9-1.7 g m-2. A significant lower biomass was measured in October, especially in the Pistacia plots. Higher densities and plant mixing seemed to better perform, allowing establishment of species with a strong pioneer behaviour and aridity resistant characteristics. Data collection on initial conditions and recurrent monitorings will be basic for evaluating in the long term the potential positive effects on C stock and on biodiversity of afforestation activities in arid and semi-arid areas.

  Keywords


C stock, Mediterranean shrubland, Restoration

Authors’ address

(1)
GD De Dato
L Loperfido
P De Angelis
R Valentini
Department of Forest Environment and Resources, University of Tuscia, v. S. Camillo De Lellis snc, I-01100 Viterbo (Italy)

Corresponding author

 
P De Angelis
pda@unitus.it

Citation

De Dato GD, Loperfido L, De Angelis P, Valentini R (2009). Establishment of a planted field with Mediterranean shrubs in Sardinia and its evaluation for climate mitigation and to combat desertification in semi-arid regions. iForest 2: 77-84. - doi: 10.3832/ifor0498-002

Academic Editor

Marco Borghetti

Paper history

Received: Jan 08, 2009
Accepted: Apr 02, 2009

First online: Jun 10, 2009
Publication Date: Jun 10, 2009
Publication Time: 2.30 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 16719
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 13113
Abstract Page Views: 704
PDF Downloads: 2599
Citation/Reference Downloads: 51
XML Downloads: 252

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 3874
Overall contacts: 16719
Avg. contacts per week: 30.21

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Aug 2019)

Total number of cites (since 2009): 4
Average cites per year: 0.36

 

Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

 
(1)
Ain-Lhout F, Barradas MCD, Zunzunegui M, Rodríguez H, Novo FG, Vargas MA (2004)
Seasonal differences in photochemical efficiency and chlorophyll and carotenoid contents in six mediterranean shrub species under field conditions. Photosynthetica 42: 399-407.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(2)
Bartolomè J, Plaixats J, Fanlo R, Boada M (2005)
Conservation of isolated Atlantic heathlands in the Mediterranean region: effects of land-use changes in the Montseny biosphere reserve (Spain). Biological Conservation 122: 81-88.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(3)
Begni G, Darras S, Hoepffner M, Pesin E, Tourre Y (2001)
The present status of knowledge on Global Climatic Change; its regional aspects and impacts in the Mediterranean Region. A scientific and strategic report to Blue Plan. Medias France Groupement pour le developpement de la recherche sur l’environnement global notamment dans le bassin mediterraneen et l’Afrique subtropicale. December 7th 2001, Toulouse (France).
Gscholar
(4)
Bellot J, Maestre FT, Chirino E, Hernández N, de Urbina JO (2004)
Afforestation with Pinus halepensis reduces native shrub performance in a Mediterranean semiarid area. Acta Oecologica 25: 7-15.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(5)
Bianchi L, Calamini G, Gregori E, Paci M, Tani A, Zorn G (2005)
Valutazione degli effetti del rimboschimento in zone aride della Sardegna. Italia Forestale e Montana 1: 47-66.
Gscholar
(6)
Biondi E, Filigheddu R, Farris E (2001)
Il paesaggio vegetale della Nurra (Sardegna nord-occidentale). Fitosociologia 38: 3-105.
Gscholar
(7)
Bonet A (2004)
Secondary succession of semi-arid Mediterranean old-fields in south-eastern Spain: insights for conservation and restoration of degraded lands. Journal of Arid Environments 56: 213-233.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(8)
Caravaca F, Alguacil MM, Figueroa D, Barea JM, Roldán A (2003a)
Re-establishment of Retama sphaerocarpa as a target species for reclamation of soil physical and biological properties in a semi-arid Mediterranean area. Forest Ecology and Management 182: 49-58.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(9)
Caravaca F, Figueroa D, Alguacil MM, Roldán A (2003b)
Application of composted urban residue enhanced the performance of afforested shrub species in a degraded semiarid land. Bioresource Technology 90: 65-70.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(10)
Caravaca F, Figueroa D, Azcón-Aguilar C, Barea JM, Roldán A (2003c)
Medium-term effects of mycorrhizal inoculation and composted municipal waste addition on the establishment of two Mediterranean shrub species under semiarid field conditions. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 97: 95-105.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(11)
Castro J, Zamora R, Hodar JA, Gomez JM (2002)
Use of shrubs as nurse plant: a new technique for restoration in Mediterranean mountain. Restoration Ecology 10: 297-305.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(12)
Castro J, Zamora R, Hódar JA, Gómez JM (2004a)
Seedling establishment of a boreal tree species (Pinus sylvestris) at its southernmost distribution limit: consequences of being in a marginal Mediterranean habitat. Journal of Ecology 92: 266-277.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(13)
Castro J, Zamora R, Hódar JA, Gómez JM, Gómez-Aparicio L (2004b)
Benefits of using shrubs as nurse plants for reforestation in Mediterranean mountains: a 4-year study. Restoration Ecology 12: 352-358.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(14)
Celik I (2005)
Land-use effects on organic matter and physical properties of soil in a southern Mediterranean highland of Turkey. Soil and Tillage Research 83: 270-277.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(15)
Clemente AS, Werner C, Máguas C, Cabral MS, Martins-Loução MA, Correia O (2004)
Restoration of a limestone quarry: effect of soil amendments on the establishment of native Mediterranean Sclerophyllous Shrubs. Restoration Ecology 12: 20-28.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(16)
Corona P (2005)
Desertificazione, siccità, foreste e ricerca. Forest@ 2: 256-257.
Online | Gscholar
(17)
Costantini EAC, Bocci M, L’Abate G, Fais A, Leoni G, Loy G, Magini S, Napoli R, Nino P, Paolanti M, Salvestrini L, Tascone F, Urbano F (2004)
Mapping the state and risk of desertification in Italy by means of remote sensing, soil GIS and the EPIC model. Methodology Validation on the Island of Sardinia, Italy.
Online | Gscholar
(18)
De Dato GD (2004)
Effetti dei cambiamenti climatici sulla vegetazione arbustiva mediterranea: risultati della manipolazione ambientale nell’area sperimentale di Porto Conte (SS). Università degli Studi della Tuscia, Viterbo (Italy).
Gscholar
(19)
De Dato GD, Pellizzaro G, Cesaraccio C, Sirca C, De Angelis P, Duce P, Spano D, Scarascia Mugnozza G (2008)
Effects of warmer and drier climate conditions on plant composition and biomass production in a Mediterranean shrubland community. iForest 1: 39-48.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(20)
Eliason SA, Allen EB (1997)
Exotic grass competition in suppressing native shrubland re-establishment. Restoration Ecology 245-255.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(21)
Estaún V, Savé R, Biel C (1997)
AM inoculation as a biological tool to improve plant revegetation of a disturbed soil with Rosmarinus officinalis under semi-arid conditions. Applied Soil Ecology 6: 223-229.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(22)
FAO (2005)
Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005. Progress towards sustainable forest management. FAO, Rome (Italy).
Gscholar
(23)
Garcia-Fayos P, Verdu M (1998)
Soil seed bank, factors controlling germination and establishment of a Mediterranean shrub: Pistacia lentiscus L. Acta Oecologica 19: 357-366.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(24)
Garcia C, Hernandez T, Roldan A, Martin A (2002)
Effect of plant cover decline on chemical and microbiological parameters under Mediterranean climate. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 5: 635-642.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(25)
Ginsberg P (2002)
Planning and management of the afforestation process in Northern Israel. New Forests 24: 27-38.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(26)
Goberna M, Sánchez J, Pascual JA, García C (2007)
Pinus halepensis Mill. plantations did not restore organic carbon, microbial biomass and activity levels in a semi-arid Mediterranean soil. Applied Soil Ecology 36: 107-115.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(27)
Goodale CL, Davidson EA (2002)
Uncertain sinks in the shrubs. Nature 418: 593-594.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(28)
Gratani L, Varone L (2004)
Adaptive photosynthetic strategies of the Mediterranean maquis species according to their origin. Photosynthetica 42: 481-486.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(29)
Green JJ, Baddeley JA, Cortina J, Watson CA (2005)
Root development in the Mediterranean shrub Pistacia lentiscus as affected by nursery treatments. Journal of Arid Environments 61: 1-12.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(30)
Harris JA, Hobbs RJ, Higgs E, Aronson J (2006)
Ecological restoration and global climate change. Restoration Ecology 14: 170-176.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(31)
Hastings SJ, Oechel WC, Muhlia-Melo A (2005)
Diurnal, seasonal and annual variation in the net ecosystem CO2 exchange of a desert shrub community (Sarcocaulescent) in Baja California, Mexico. Global Change Biology 11: 927-939.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(32)
Hughes L (2003)
Climate change and Australia: Trends, projections and impacts. Austral Ecology 28: 423-443.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(33)
Jackson RB, Banner JL, Jobbagy EG, Pockman WT, Wall DH (2002)
Ecosystem carbon loss with woody plant invasion of grassland. Nature 418: 623-626.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(34)
Kassas M (1999)
Rescuing drylands: a project for the world. Futures 31: 949-958.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(35)
La Mantia T, Oddo G, Rühl J, Furnari G, Scalenghe R (2007)
Variazione degli stock di carbonio del suolo in seguito ai processi di abbandono dei coltivi: il caso studio dell’isola di Pantelleria (TP). Forest@ 4: 102-109.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(36)
Lal R (2001)
Potential of desertification control to sequester carbon and mitigate the greenhouse effect. Climate Change 51: 35-72.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(37)
Lloret F, Casanovas C, Peñuelas J (1999)
Seedling survival of Mediterranean shrubland species in relation to root:shoot ratio, seed size and water and nitrogen use. Functional Ecology 13: 210-216.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(38)
Löf M, Rydberg D, Bolte A (2006)
Mounding site preparation for forest restoration: survival and short term growth response in Quercus robur L. seedlings. Forest Ecology and Management 232: 19-25.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(39)
López-Bermúdez F, Romero-Díaz A, Martínez-Fernandez J, Martínez-Fernandez J (1998)
Vegetation and soil erosion under a semi-arid Mediterranean climate: a case study from Murcia (Spain). Geomorphology 24: 51-58.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(40)
Luo H, Oechel WC, Hastings SJ, Zulueta R, Qian Y, Kwon H (2007)
Mature semiarid chaparral ecosystems can be a significant sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide. Global Change Biology 13: 386-396.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(41)
Maestre FT, Bautista S, Cortina J (2003)
Positive, negative, and net effects in grass-shrub interactions in Mediterranean semiarid grassland. Ecology 84: 3186-3197.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(42)
Maestre FT, Cortina J (2004)
Are Pinus halepensis plantations useful as a restoration tool in semiarid Mediterranean areas? Forest Ecology and Management 198: 303-317.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(43)
Maestre FT, Cortina J, Bautista S (2004)
Mechanism underlying the interaction between Pinus halepensis and the native late-successional shrub Pistacia lentiscus in a semi-arid plantation. Ecography 27: 776-786.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(44)
Maestre FT, Cortina J, Bautista S, Bellot J (2003)
Does Pinus halepensis facilitate the establishment of shrubs in Mediterranean semi-arid afforestations? Forest Ecology and Management 176: 147-160.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(45)
Maestre FT, Cortina J, Vallejo R (2006)
Are ecosystem composition, structure, and functional status related to restoration success? A test from semiarid Mediterranean steppes. Restoration Ecology 14: 258-266.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(46)
Martínez ML (2003)
Facilitation of seedling establishment by an endemic shrub in tropical coastal sand dunes. Plant Ecology 168: 333-345.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(47)
Navarro Cerrillo RM, Fragueiro B, Ceaceros C, del Campo A, de Prado R (2005)
Establishment of Quercus ilex L. subsp. ballota [Desf.] Samp. using different weed control strategies in southern Spain. Ecological Engineering 25: 332-342.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(48)
Ogaya R, Peñuelas J, Martinez-Vilalta J, Mangiron M (2003)
Effect of drought on diameter increment of Quercus ilex, Phillyrea latifolia, and Arbutus unedo in a holm oak forest of NE Spain. Forest Ecology and Management 180: 175-184.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(49)
Olukoye GA, Wamicha WN, Kinyamario JI (2003)
Assessment of the performance of exotic and indigenous tree and shrub species for rehabilitating saline soils of Northern Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 41: 164-170.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(50)
Padilla FM, Pugnaire FI (2006)
The role of nurse plants in the restoration of degraded environments. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 4: 196-202.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(51)
Padilla FM, Pugnaire FI (2007)
Rooting depth and soil moisture control Mediterranean woody seedling survival during drought. Functional Ecology 21: 489-495.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(52)
Pareliussen I, Olsson EGA, Armbruster WS (2006)
Factors limiting the survival of native tree seedlings used in conservation efforts at the edges of forest fragments in upland Madagascar. Restoration Ecology 14: 196-203.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(53)
Pariente S (2002)
Spatial patterns of soil moisture as affected by shrubs, in different climatic conditions. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 733: 237-251.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(54)
Pascual JA, Garcia C, Hernandez T, Moreno JL, Ros M (2000)
Soil microbial activity as a biomarker of degradation and remediation processes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 32: 1877-1883.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(55)
Paul KI, Polglase PJ, Nyakuengama JG, Khanna PK (2002)
Change in soil carbon following afforestation. Forest Ecology and Management 168: 241-257.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(56)
Pausas JG, Bladé C, Valdecantos A, Seva JP, Fuentes D, Alloza JA, Vilagrosa A, Bautista S, Cortina J, Vallejo R (2004)
Pines and oaks in the restoration of Mediterranean landscapes of Spain: new perspectives for an old practice - a review. Plant Ecology 171: 209-220.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(57)
Pereira JS, Mateus JA, Aires LM, Pita G, Pio C, David JS, Andrade V, Banza J, David TS, Paço TA, Rodrigues A (2007)
Net ecosystem carbon exchange in three contrasting Mediterranean ecosystems - the effect of drought. Biogeosciences 4: 791-802.
Online | Gscholar
(58)
Peressotti A, Asunis C, Cesaraccio C (1999)
Stima indiretta della biomassa e della copertura vegetale di un ecosistema mediterraneo a macchia: il caso della riserva naturale integrale Arca di Noè. In: “Monitoraggio di un ecosistema a macchia mediterranea: misure ecofisiologiche e micrometeorologiche”. CNR Istituto Nazionale per l’Analisi e la Protezione degli Agroecosistemi, Collana tecnico - scientifica INAPA, Quaderno n. 6.
Gscholar
(59)
Perez-Devesa M, Cortina J, Vilagrosa A, Vallejo R (2008)
Shrubland management to promote Quercus suber L. establishment. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 374-382.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(60)
Pietracaprina A (1989)
La Nurra, sintesi monografica. Gallizzi Edizioni, Sassari (Italy).
Gscholar
(61)
Post WM, Izaurralde RC, Mann LK, Bliss N (2001)
Monitoring and verifying changes of organic carbon in soil. Climatic Change 51: 73-99.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(62)
Resco de Dios V, Fischer C, Colinas C (2007)
Climate change effects on Mediterranean forests and preventive measures. New Forests 33: 29-40.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(63)
Rey Benayas JM, Camacho-Cruz A (2004)
Performance of Quercus ilex saplings planted in abandoned Mediterranean cropland after long-term interruption of their management. Forest Ecology and Management 194: 223-233.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(64)
Rey Benayas JM, Navarro J, Espigares T, Nicolau JM, Zavala MA (2005)
Effects of artificial shading and weed mowing in reforestation of Mediterranean abandoned cropland with contrasting Quercus species. Forest Ecology and Management 212: 302-314.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(65)
Rey Benayas JM, López-Pintor A, García C, de la Cámara N, Strasser R, Sal AG (2002)
Early establishment of planted Retama sphaerocarpa seedlings under different levels of light, water and weed competition. Plant Ecology 159: 201-209.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(66)
Sarah P, Rodeh Y (2004)
Soil structure variations under manipulations of water and vegetation. Journal of Arid Environments 58: 43-57.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(67)
Sudha P, Ramprasad V, Nagendra M, Kulkarni H, Ravindranath N (2007)
Development of an agroforestry carbon sequestration project in Khammam district, India. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 12: 1131-1152.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(68)
USDA (1993)
Soil Survey Manual. Washington, DC, USA.
Gscholar
(69)
Valsecchi F (1976)
Sui principali aspetti della vegetazione costiera della Nurra Nord-occidentale (Sardegna settentrionale). Giornale Botanico Italiano 110: 21-63.
Gscholar
(70)
Yaalon DH (1997)
Soils in the Mediterranean region: what makes them different? Catena 283-4: 157-169.
CrossRef | Gscholar
 

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website