*

Evaluation of fast growing tree water use under different soil moisture regimes using wick lysimeters

D Mantovani (1-2)   , M Veste (3), A Badorreck (2), D Freese (2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 190-200 (2013)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor0100-006
Published: May 08, 2013 - Copyright © 2013 SISEF

Research Articles


The cultivation of fast growing trees has high potential for bioenergy production on marginal lands. Information about the water use efficiency in combination with the ecophysiological response to drought stress is still incomplete. For the study of the transpiration-biomass relations satisfactory results can be obtained under controlled conditions by using lysimeters. Nonetheless, several technical problems related to the manufacturing can bias the outcome. Pan lysimeters are economical and relatively easy to assemble, however, saturation at the lower boundary can happen. On the other hand tension lysimeters, where the suction is applied by a vacuum pump, are effective but expensive and need constant maintenance. To avoid stagnancy and reduce production costs we assembled a tension controlled wick lysimeter, where the tension at the bottom layer is actively exerted by a hanging water column through the wick material (rockwool). We aim to assess the performance of the wick lysimeter coupled with an automatic irrigation system for the study of water use-yield relation black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) under different irrigation regimes. The volumetric soil content for each treatment, namely low water (LW), medium water (MW) and high water amount (HW), was maintained at 0.07, 0.14 and 0.2 m3 m-3 respectively. During the vegetation period (161 days) the plants growing at LW reduced their water use by 60%, their leaf area by 40% and the total above ground biomass by 46%. As a result, we found a linear correlation (R2 = 0.98) between the relative biomass produced and the relative water use. The calculated relative water use efficiency (RWUE) for black locust total above ground dry biomass is 0.96. Furthermore, after the harvest we evaluated the effectiveness of the lysimeter and irrigation system: the soil moisture of the treatments was kept up at the predefined values and an unsaturated condition at the boundary layer was maintained throughout the vegetation period. Because of the improved design no roots grew into the drainage extension and no unexpected change of the lysimeters hydraulic property occurred. Considering the relatively low-cost material used and the low maintenance needed, compared to other tension controlled lysimeters, wick lysimeters are effective tools for forestry studies of young trees.

  Keywords


Black Locust, Soil Moisture Dynamic, Unsaturated Conditions, Hydrostatic State, Wilting Point, Relative Water Use Efficiency

Authors’ address

(1)
D Mantovani
Brandenburg University of Technology, International Graduate School, Konrad-Wachsmann-Allee 6, D-03046 Cottbus (Germany)
(2)
D Mantovani
A Badorreck
D Freese
Brandenburg University of Technology, Chair of Soil Protection and Recultivation, Konrad-Wachsmann-Allee 6, D-03046 Cottbus (Germany)
(3)
M Veste
Centre for Energy Technology Brandenburg e.V., Friedlieb-Runge-Str. 3, D-03046 Cottbus (Germany)

Corresponding author

 
D Mantovani
mantdar2@gmail.com

Citation

Mantovani D, Veste M, Badorreck A, Freese D (2013). Evaluation of fast growing tree water use under different soil moisture regimes using wick lysimeters. iForest 6: 190-200. - doi: 10.3832/ifor0100-006

Academic Editor

Roberto Tognetti

Paper history

Received: May 04, 2012
Accepted: Feb 11, 2013

First online: May 08, 2013
Publication Date: Aug 01, 2013
Publication Time: 2.87 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 18404
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 14010
Abstract Page Views: 385
PDF Downloads: 2910
Citation/Reference Downloads: 20
XML Downloads: 1079

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 2386
Overall contacts: 18404
Avg. contacts per week: 53.99

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Aug 2019)

Total number of cites (since 2013): 5
Average cites per year: 0.71

 

Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

 
(1)
Abdou HM, Flury M (2004)
Simulation of water flow and solute transport in free-drainage lysimeters and field soils with heterogeneous structure. European Journal of Soil Science 55: 229-241.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(2)
Beeson RC (2011)
Weighing lysimeter systems for quantifying water use and studies of controlled water stress for crops grown in low bulk density substrates. Agricultural Water Management 98: 967-976.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(3)
Ben-Gal A, Shani U (2002)
A highly conductive drainage extension to control the lower boundary condition of lysimeters. Plant and Soil 239: 9-17.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(4)
Byrd GT, May PA (2000)
Physiological comparisons of switchgrass cultivars differing in transpiration efficiency. Crop Science 40: 1271-1277.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(5)
Böhm C, Quinkenstein A, Freese D, Hüttl RF (2009)
Wachstumsverlauf von vierjährigen Robinien. Allgemeine Forstzeitung - Der Wald 10: 532-533.
Gscholar
(6)
Böhm C, Quinkenstein A, Freese D, Hüttl RF (2011)
Assessing the short rotation woody biomass production on marginal post-mining areas. Journal of Forest Science 57 (7): 303-311.
Gscholar
(7)
Derby NE, Knighton RE, Montgomery BR (2002)
Construction and performance of large soil core lysimeters. Soil Science Society of America Journal 66: 1446-1453.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(8)
Evett SR, Mazahrih NT, Jitan MA, Sawalha MH, Colaizzi PD, Ayars JE (2009)
Weighing lysimeter for crop water use determination in the Jordan Valley, Jordan. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 52 (1): 155-169.
Gscholar
(9)
Gee GW, Newman BD, Green SR, Meissner R, Rupp H, Zhang ZF, Keller JM, Waugh WJ, Van der Velde M, Salazar J (2009)
Passive wick fluxmeters: design considerations and field applications. Water Resources Research 45: 9-17.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(10)
Grünewald H, Böhm C, Quinkenstein A. Grundmann P, Eberts J, von Wühlisch G (2009)
Robinia pseudoacacia L.: a lesser known tree species for biomass production. BioEnergy Research 2: 123-133.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(11)
Gupta T, Mohan D (1982)
Economics of trees versus annual crops on marginal agricultural lands. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co., New Delhi, India.
Gscholar
(12)
Holder M, Brown KW, Thomas JC, Zabcik D, Murray HE (1991)
Capillary wick unsaturated pore water sampler. Soil Science Society of America Journal 55: 1195-1202.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(13)
Hu ZH, Wang ZG, Gao HX, Wang LJ (2001)
Research on water changes and water use efficiency in loess gully region in western Shanxi Province. Journal of Shanxi Agricultural University 21 (3): 248-251.
Gscholar
(14)
Jia X, Dukes MD, Jacobs JM, Irmak S (2006)
Weighing lysimeters for evapotranspiration research in a humid environment. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 49 (2): 1-12.
Gscholar
(15)
Karlberg L, Ben-Gal A, Jansson P-E, Shani U (2006)
Modelling transpiration and growth in salinity-stressed tomato under different climatic conditions. Ecological Modelling 190: 15-40.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(16)
Klocke NL, Todd RW, Hergert GW, Watts WG, Parkhurst AM (1993)
Design, installation, and performance of percolation lysimeters for water quality sampling. Trans. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 36: 429-435.
Gscholar
(17)
Kutílek M, Nielsen DR (1994)
Soil hydrology. Catena Verlag, Cremlingen, Germany.
Gscholar
(18)
Lindroth A, Bath A (1999)
Assessment of regional willow coppice yield in Sweden on basis of water availability. Forest Ecology and Management 121: 57-65.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(19)
Lewis J, Sjöstrom J (2010)
Optimizing the experimental design of unsaturated soil columns. In: Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science “Soil Solutions for a Changing World”. Brisbane (Australia) 1-6 August 2010.
Gscholar
(20)
Mantovani D, Freese D, Veste M, Hüttl RF (2011)
Modified wick lysimeters for critical water use efficiency evaluation and yield crop modelling. In: Proceeding of the 14 Lysimeter Conference “Lysimeters in Climate Change Research and Water Resources Management”. Gumpenstein (Austria) 3-4 May 2011, pp. 245-248.
Gscholar
(21)
Monteith JL (1993)
The exchange of water and carbon by crops in a Mediterranean climate. Irrigation Science 14: 85-91.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(22)
Müller J, Bolte A (2009)
The use of lysimeters in forest hydrology research in north-east Germany. Agriculture and Forestry Research 59: 1-10.
Gscholar
(23)
Nielsen ET, Orcutt DM (1998)
Physiology of plants under stress: abiotic factors. John Wiley, New York, USA.
Gscholar
(24)
Oliveira IB, Demond AH, Salehzadeh A (1996)
Packing of sands for the production of homogeneous porous media. Soil Science Society of America Journal 60 (1): 49-53.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(25)
Oliver RJ, Finch JW, Taylor G (2009)
Second generation bioenergy crops and climate change: a review of the effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 and drought on water use and the implications for yield. GCB Bioenergy 1 (2): 97-114.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(26)
Presley DR, Ransom MD, Kluitenberg GJ, and Finnell PR (2004)
Effects of thirty years of irrigation on the genesis and morphology of two semiarid soils in Kansas. Soil Science Society of America Journal 68:1916-1926.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(27)
Raper SM, Steinbeck K, Moss IS, Whitehead D (1992)
Water use efficiency and transpiration of Robinia, Liquidambar, and Platanus sprouts in the south eastern USA. Forest Ecology and Management 51: 259-268.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(28)
Rédei K, Veperdi I (2009)
The role of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) in establishment of short-rotation energy plantations in Hungary. International Journal of Horticultural Science 15 (3): 41-44.
Gscholar
(29)
Ritchie JT, Burnett E (1968)
A precision weighing lysimeter for row crop water use studies. American Society of Agronomy 60 (5): 545-549.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(30)
Rodríguez-Iturbe I, Porporato A (2004)
Ecohydrology of water-controlled ecosystems. University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Gscholar
(31)
Sinclair TR, Holdbrook NM, Zwieniecki MA (2005)
Daily transpiration rates of woody species on drying soil. Tree Physiology 25: 1469-1472.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(32)
Smith JAC, Griffiths H (1993)
Water deficits: plant responses from cell to community. Environmental Plant Biology Series, Bios Scientific Publishers, Oxford, UK, pp. 345.
Gscholar
(33)
Stanhill G (1986)
Water use efficiency. Advances in Agronomy 39: 53-85.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(34)
Tsakov H, Alexandrov A (2005)
Growth of Robinia pseudoacacia L. on a reclaimed terrain in Bulgaria, studied over a period of climatic anomalies. Folia Oecologica 32 (1): 1-4.
Gscholar
(35)
Vaughana PJ, Troutb TJ, Ayarsa JE (2007)
A processing method for weighing lysimeter data and comparison to micrometeorological ETo predictions. Agricultural Water Management 88: 141-146.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(36)
Veste M, Böhm, C, Quinkenstein A, Freese D (2013)
Biologische Stickstoff-Fixierung der Robinie. Allgemeine Forstzeitung - Der Wald 2/2013: 30-32.
Gscholar
(37)
Veste M, Kriebitzsch WU (2013)
Einfluss von Trockenstress auf Photosynthese, Transpiration und Wachstum junger Robinien (Robinia pseudoacacia L.). Forstarchiv 84 (2).
Gscholar
(38)
Warrington DN, Goldstein D, Levy GJ (2007)
Clay translocation within the soil profile as affected by intensive irrigation with treated wastewater. Soil Science 172 (9): 692-700.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(39)
Van Genuchten MT (1980)
A closed-form equation for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 44 (5): 892-898.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(40)
Weihermüller L, Siemens J, Deurer M, Knoblauch S, Rupp H, Göttlein A, Pütz T (2007)
In situ soil water extraction: a review. Journal of Environment Quality 36: 1735-1748.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(41)
Williams LE, Phene CJ, Grimes DW, Trout TJ (2003)
Water use of mature Thompson Seedless grapevines in California. Irrigation Science 22: 11-18.
Gscholar
(42)
Zhu Y, Fox RH, Toth JD (2002)
Leachate collection efficiency of zero-tension pan and passive capillary fiber wick lysimeters. Soil Science Society of America Journal 66: 37-43
CrossRef | Gscholar
 

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website