Forest@ - Rivista di Selvicoltura ed Ecologia Forestale http://www.sisef.it/forest@/ Ultimi lavori pubblicati Copyright (c) 2004-2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved it http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss PHP 5.3.1 editorial.staff@sisef.org (Gabriele Bucci) editorial.staff@sisef.org (Gabriele Bucci) 60 Forest@ Web Site http://www.sisef.it/images/common/link_forest@.png http://www.sisef.it/iforest/ Articoli Scientifici: Necrosi corticali da Brenneria nigrifluens e altri batteri su noce in impianti piemontesi: studio dell’evoluzione della malattia in campo e caratterizzazione di isolati con rep-PCR http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1335-011 <p><b>Giorcelli A, Gennaro M</b></p><p><b>NECROSI CORTICALI DA BRENNERIA NIGRIFLUENS E ALTRI BATTERI SU NOCE IN IMPIANTI PIEMONTESI: STUDIO DELL’EVOLUZIONE DELLA MALATTIA IN CAMPO E CARATTERIZZAZIONE DI ISOLATI CON REP-PCR</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Owing to its increasing incidence, a study was performed on walnut bacterial bark canker by Brenneria nigrifluens, a disease native to California but spreading over Europe since about twenty years. B. nigrifluens may compromise wood quality and, in some cases, impair plant survival due to extensive cankers and bark necroses. Bacterial isolates obtained from bark tissue fragments, typed by rep-PCR analysis after multiplication on proper selective growing media, confirmed the diagnosis of the causal agent, despite the presence of other bacterial species. B. nigrifluens was detected in 28% of common walnut arboricultural stands located in Piedmont plains and hills, especially those located in the Vercelli province and in some areas of the Alessandria province. Based on the results of the cluster analysis carried out on PCR amplicons, none of the other bacterial isolates showed any genotypic similarity with the related B. rubrifaciens, the agent of the deep bark canker of walnut, which has not been detected in Europe yet. The application of the three rep-PCR variants, including BOX-PCR applied for the first time to B. nigrifluens, gave similar results, but with different cluster structures. In two pilot plantations, trees already presenting necroses did not necessarily develop new necroses or enlarge the pre-existing cankers in the following years. The disease apparently does not spread according to a climate factor, whereas it may be affected by plant genotype that possibly promotes the transition of B. nigrifluens, probably already present in tissues in an asymptomatic endophytic phase, to the pathogenic phase.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: English Walnut, Brenneria nigrifluens, Shallow Bark Canker, Rep-PCR, Wood Arboriculture</p><p><i>Forest@ 0 (0): 190 ()</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1335-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1335-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1335-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Giorcelli A, Gennaro M Articoli Scientifici 2014-11-20 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1335-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Germinazione dei semi e sopravvivenza dei semenzali di leccio (Quercus ilex L.) in interventi finalizzati alla rinaturalizzazione delle pinete di pino d’Aleppo (Pinus halepensis Mill.) dell’isola di Pianosa (Arcipelago Toscano, L http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1053-011 <p><b>Giunti M, Foggi B</b></p><p><b>GERMINAZIONE DEI SEMI E SOPRAVVIVENZA DEI SEMENZALI DI LECCIO (QUERCUS ILEX L.) IN INTERVENTI FINALIZZATI ALLA RINATURALIZZAZIONE DELLE PINETE DI PINO D’ALEPPO (PINUS HALEPENSIS MILL.) DELL’ISOLA DI PIANOSA (ARCIPELAGO TOSCANO, L</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Interventions aimed at promoting Quercus ilex spread in the Island of Pianosa (Tuscan Archipelago National Park) have been carried out within LIFE Nature Project “Tuscan Islands: new actions for sea birds and habitats”. In Pinus halepensis stands from afforestation, 810 acorns have been sown in 9 areas under the pine canopy with different presence of Mediterranean scrub. Germination and seedlings survival, five years after sowing, have been very satisfactory only in areas with a dense shrub layer.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Quercus ilex, Pinus halepensis, Renaturalization, Germination, Tuscan Archipelago</p><p><i>Forest@ 0 (0): 172-182 ()</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1053-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1053-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1053-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Giunti M, Foggi B Articoli Scientifici 2014-09-16 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1053-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Editoriali: Un ricordo del Professor Antonio Moroni http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0090-011 <p><b>Menozzi P</b></p><p><b>UN RICORDO DEL PROFESSOR ANTONIO MORONI</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Antonio Moroni, 89, Emeritus Professor in the University of Parma, died on August 18th. He had a major role in shaping the last 60 years of Italian research in Environmental Science and was very active in establishing the conceptual basis for Environmental Management in Italy. A Catholic priest, he had a natural gift for communicating a positive approach to life.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Ecology, Environmental Sciences, Obituary</p><p><i>Forest@ 0 (0): 170-171 ()</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0090-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0090-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0090-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Menozzi P Editoriali 2014-09-11 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0090-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Recensioni: Un libro “dalla parte del fuoco” http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0091-011 <p><b>Lovreglio R</b></p><p><b>UN LIBRO “DALLA PARTE DEL FUOCO”</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Le Edizioni Il Maestrale ha pubblicato il libro di Giuseppe Delogu “Dalla parte del fuoco. Ovvero il paradosso di Bambi” che tratta di diversi aspetti del problema partendo dall’ancora e attuale equivoco della differenza tra fuoco e incendio.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest Fire, Piroclimax, Fireprone</p><p><i>Forest@ 0 (0): 168-169 ()</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0091-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0091-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0091-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Lovreglio R Recensioni 2014-08-31 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0091-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Mitigazione del pericolo incendi nelle aree di interfaccia urbano/foresta: un esempio di selvicoltura preventiva in Sardegna http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1187-011 <p><b>Lovreglio R, Danna E, Mou G</b></p><p><b>MITIGAZIONE DEL PERICOLO INCENDI NELLE AREE DI INTERFACCIA URBANO/FORESTA: UN ESEMPIO DI SELVICOLTURA PREVENTIVA IN SARDEGNA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Wildfires at the wildland/urban interface (WUI) areas have recently taken on alarming dimensions, and most of the catastrophic wildfires in recent years are of this type (Greece 2003 and 2007, Italy, 2007; Australia, 2009; Spain 2003, 2007, 2012). Contrastingly to forest stands, where fuel has to be managed also taking into consideration stand conservation and improvement purposes, in WUI fuel management has the imperative goal of the protection of property and people. The present paper deals with the implementation of a methodology for assessing fire hazard in a WUI area in Sardinia, and assess the most appropriate prevention silvicultural practices to be applied to mitigate the hazard (i.e., the probability of fire occurrence and the difficulty to extinguish it, based on the current vegetation characteristics). We applied a method aimed at defining a “danger value” for each fuel model found in the study area, and derived the silvicultural practices to be applied for the reduction of fuel and the associated risk. The effects of silvicultural prevention were assessed for each fuel model in the study area in terms of flame length and fire intensity for the pre-, during and post phases.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Preventive Sylviculture, Conversion, Hazard, Intensity, Flame Length</p><p><i>Forest@ 0 (0): 156-167 ()</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1187-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1187-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1187-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Lovreglio R, Danna E, Mou G Articoli Scientifici 2014-07-10 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1187-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved