Forest@ - Rivista di Selvicoltura ed Ecologia Forestale http://www.sisef.it/forest@/ Ultimi lavori pubblicati Copyright (c) 2004-2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved it http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss PHP 5.3.1 editorial.staff@sisef.org (Gabriele Bucci) editorial.staff@sisef.org (Gabriele Bucci) 60 Forest@ Web Site http://www.sisef.it/images/common/link_forest@.png http://www.sisef.it/iforest/ Comunicazioni Brevi: Sul XXV IUFRO World Congress “Forest Research and Cooperation for Sustainable Development” http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3281-016 <p><b>Mariotti B, Marchetti M</b></p><p><b>SUL XXV IUFRO WORLD CONGRESS “FOREST RESEARCH AND COOPERATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT”</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: L’America Latina per la prima volta ha ospitato il congresso mondiale della Unione Internazionale degli Istituti di Ricerca Forestale, il XXV IUFRO World Congress “Forest Research and Cooperation for Sustainable Development”, che si è svolto a Curitiba (Paranà, Brasile) dal 25 settembre al 5 ottobre 2019. Si presentano le principali statistiche in termini di partecipazione e organizzazione, con particolare riferimento al contributo della delegazione italiana, e si descrivono i principali temi affrontati nelle presentazioni di tutte le sessioni (plenarie, sub-plenarie, tecniche e poster). Questi diventano spunto per alcuni commenti e note rispetto a tematiche di primaria attualità, quali principalmente cambiamento climatico e deforestazione, e alla posizione che la IUFRO ricopre rispetto a questi temi</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: IUFRO, XXV World Congress, Word cloud, Presentations keywords</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (6): 79-82 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor3281-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3281-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3281-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Mariotti B, Marchetti M Comunicazioni Brevi 2019-11-27 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3281-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Editoriali: Editoria scientifica, le ambiguità dell’open-access http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0065-016 <p><b>Borghetti M</b></p><p><b>EDITORIA SCIENTIFICA, LE AMBIGUITÀ DELL’OPEN-ACCESS</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Science must be open to all. This is the consideration behind the tendency of public research funding agencies (EU first of all) to “force” researchers to publish their results in open-access journals, or pay to ensure that articles are freely readable. Even the most remote researcher must be able to read a scientific article. Everything seems good, but is it really true? We see some side effects: (i) whoever reads no longer pays, but obviously someone has to pay, otherwise how publishing companies will survive? In fact, large groups are already organized, going towards open access fees, although more elegantly they speak of article processing charge (APC, mandatory); (ii) should this situation become general (all open-access journals with APC mandatory), researchers from a disadvantaged area could read, but they would have trouble publishing. It is true that journals could reduce or remove APCs in such cases, but these are always concessions to be negotiated on a case by case basis; (iii) as the most sensitive aspect: the balance of each journal will depend on how many APCs are collected, and editorial decisions are likely to be influenced by the ambition to increase journals’ budget; (iv) in the end, one may think that the tendency towards this kind of “open science” was appreciated by large publishing groups, which could see APC as a business richer than subscriptions. Some proposals in this regard: (i) if you have a good scientific “story” to tell, at present there is no need to resort to journals that apply APC mandatory, especially if managed by groups clearly oriented to business; rather, use your resources to buy free access to your work after acceptance; (ii) the funding agencies themselves could support free access to the most significant papers, after their publication, and scientific societies could play an important role in this respect; (iii) journals may require public data repository, and funding agencies may support open publications in these journals; to me, this seems one of the most important steps towards a truly open and increasingly credible science.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Scientific Publishing, Open-access Journals, Article Processing Charge, Public Data Repository</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (6): 77-78 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0065-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0065-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0065-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Borghetti M Editoriali 2019-11-24 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0065-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Editoriali: “Decreto clima 2019”: quali risorse per le foreste e la selvicoltura nelle nostre città? http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0067-016 <p><b>Salbitano F, Sanesi G</b></p><p><b>“DECRETO CLIMA 2019”: QUALI RISORSE PER LE FORESTE E LA SELVICOLTURA NELLE NOSTRE CITTÀ?</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: The Decree on Climate 2019 focuses on reforestation campaigns and silviculture actions applied to existing forests of Italian metropolitan cities, incurring a total expenditure of €30 million in the next two years. By supporting urban and peri-urban forestry programmes, the decree represents an innovative scheme within the framework of environmental legislation on climate actions. The decision appears strategic as it depicts new scenarios for the cities of tomorrow involving sequence design, implementation and management of urban forests as key components to challenge climate change effects on the urban environment. Italian research in the field of urban forestry and related issues is well prepared to tackle the challenge thanks to 25 years of experience in “planting, growing, and caring for” ideas, knowledge, and methods applied to the ecology and functioning of urban and peri-urban forests. This wealth of experience is at the service of the community and of stakeholders who will be directly or indirectly involved in the implementation of the Decree on Climate 2019.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Urban and Peri-urban Forests, Climate Change, Environmental Legislation, Green Infrastructure</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (5): 74-76 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0067-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0067-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0067-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Salbitano F, Sanesi G Editoriali 2019-10-16 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0067-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Commenti & Prospettive: Piantare alberi in Italia per il benessere del pianeta. Dove come e perché http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3260-016 <p><b>Marchetti M, Motta R, Salbitano F, Vacchiano G</b></p><p><b>PIANTARE ALBERI IN ITALIA PER IL BENESSERE DEL PIANETA. DOVE COME E PERCHÉ</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: The Laudato Si’ communities have put forward the proposal to plant 60 million trees in Italy to fight the climate crisis. The role of forests in mitigating climate change is scientifically unequivocal. However, a sound reforestation strategy must be consistent with the country’s environmental, forest and socio-economic context. Italian forests and the 12 billion trees they contain currently absorb 5-10% of the total country emissions; 60 million trees would result in an additional sequestration of 0.05% of the CO2 emitted annually. Furthermore, forested areas in Italy are rapidly increasing on rural and marginal sites. On the contrary, forests are disappearing in lowlands and urban centers. Cities and suburbs are the areas where new forests could play an important role in climate mitigation, contributing to the mitigation of heat waves and air pollution, and increasing the well-being of citizens. To be successful, interventions to mitigate the climate crisis cannot be exhausted within the forest sector. Forestry-related strategies must be diversified, and include reducing deforestation, planting new forests, increasing the efficacy of sustainable and adaptive forest management, and taking advantage of the substitution effects played by wood-based materials. New urban forests, if subject to scientifically based design and planning, are an important part of this strategy.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Climate Change Mitigation, Reforestation, Urban Forests, Sustainable and Adaptive Forest Strategies</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (5): 59-65 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor3260-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3260-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3260-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Marchetti M, Motta R, Salbitano F, Vacchiano G Commenti & Prospettive 2019-10-10 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3260-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Rapporti di Progetto: Linee guida per una gestione forestale compatibile con la conservazione dell’orso bruno marsicano http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3194-016 <p><b>Rositi A, Console C, Di Santo D, Gentile C, Logiudice L, Posillico M, Sammarone L, Ciucci P</b></p><p><b>LINEE GUIDA PER UNA GESTIONE FORESTALE COMPATIBILE CON LA CONSERVAZIONE DELL’ORSO BRUNO MARSICANO</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Forests provide a wide range of important ecosystem services and, among these benefits, biodiversity and wildlife habitat. Forest management (including no active control) deeply affects wildlife management, since it can alter habitat structure and productivity, speed-up evolution of ecosystems, and impact on wildlife ability to survive and reproduce. Unfortunately still very often, practitioners, forest planners and policy-makers fail to understand this opportunity. Forest management can maintain and enhance quality, quantity and availability of natural resources for wildlife, and therefore it is a valuable management tool long recognized in the wildlife practice. This is particularly true for species associated to forest ecosystems which are threatened or endangered, such as the Apennine brown bear (Ursus arctos marsicanus). Based on an extensive literature review on forest management-bear interactions, we report recommended management actions and associated working techniques, hereby illustrated and discussed in order to define a set of forest management guidelines meant to promote and encourage the adoption of adequate silviculture practices in Apennine forests, as well as to facilitate and support the range expansion of Apennine brown bear beyond its current core distribution. Our aim is also to present these guidelines to a wider scientific audience and decision-makers to foster their implementation into management practices, especially within protected areas. Finally, our ultimate goal is to fill the gap between disciplines such as silviculture and animal ecology, with the aim of stimulating the multidisciplinary approach requested not only for the conservation of the Apennine brown bear but for the integrated and enhanced management of wildlife in general.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest Management, Forest Planning, Habitat, Wildlife Forestry, Ursus arctos marsicanus</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (5): 66-73 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor3194-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3194-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3194-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Rositi A, Console C, Di Santo D, Gentile C, Logiudice L, Posillico M, Sammarone L, Ciucci P Rapporti di Progetto 2019-10-10 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3194-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Editoriali: Informazione e disinformazione forestale al tempo del web: il caso dell’alluvione del Monte Amiata http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0068-016 <p><b>Motta R</b></p><p><b>INFORMAZIONE E DISINFORMAZIONE FORESTALE AL TEMPO DEL WEB: IL CASO DELL’ALLUVIONE DEL MONTE AMIATA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: A sever flood event hit Mt. Amiata region in July 2019. We know that trees can help to reduce or prevent flooding, but we also know that there are thresholds in this mitigation/prevention role and when these limits are exceeded we have to expect damages that cannot be avoided. Frequencies of extreme weather events such as floods, droughts and heat waves are increasing and expected to increase in the future. Researchers and managers have to dedicate time and effort to communicate better with stakeholders about the role of the forest and the forest management regarding these events and address the discussion on facts instead that on opinions. Facts are accurate statements while opinions are expressed statements that are believed to be true but may or may not be facts. The Amiata flood event is an example where the discussion spread in many media has been mainly based on opinions rather than facts.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Flooding, Mitigation/Prevention, Forest Management, Fake news</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (5): 56-58 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0068-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0068-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0068-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Motta R Editoriali 2019-09-04 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0068-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Commenti & Prospettive: Riflessioni sulla viabilità forestale e opere connesse a supporto delle iniziative per la predisposizione dei decreti attuativi del Testo Unico in materia di Foreste e Filiere Forestali http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3175-016 <p><b>Grigolato S, Marchi E, Laschi A, Cavalli R</b></p><p><b>RIFLESSIONI SULLA VIABILITÀ FORESTALE E OPERE CONNESSE A SUPPORTO DELLE INIZIATIVE PER LA PREDISPOSIZIONE DEI DECRETI ATTUATIVI DEL TESTO UNICO IN MATERIA DI FORESTE E FILIERE FORESTALI</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: The forest road network provides access to the forest area to facilitate the conservation, the management and the value of forest ecosystems. In the case of poor design as well as poor or absent maintenance, the forest road network can cause significant environmental impacts, which can result in erosion and sedimentation, landslides, effects on flora and fauna and landscape impacts. In order to avoid such impacts, the road network must be planned, built and maintained in a correct and adequate way according to the environment in which the same roads are inserted. As consequence, the present paper would like to propose some considerations about forest road functions, definitions as well as in term of standard design and planning to support the implementation of the operative guidelines of the recent consolidate law on forestry.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest roads, Forest management, Forest operations, Ecological impacts</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (5): 49-55 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor3175-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3175-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3175-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Grigolato S, Marchi E, Laschi A, Cavalli R Commenti & Prospettive 2019-09-02 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3175-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Rapporti Tecnici: Sull’utilizzo di micro-cariche di esplosivo per la fenditura di ceppaie fuori terra http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0069-016 <p><b>Cavalli R</b></p><p><b>SULL’UTILIZZO DI MICRO-CARICHE DI ESPLOSIVO PER LA FENDITURA DI CEPPAIE FUORI TERRA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: In the restoration works after the VAIA storm, one problem concerns the removal of above ground stumps. Since any mechanical method will hardly provide positive results, one possibility, reported in this note, concerns the idea of using micro-size charges of explosive to split the above-ground tree stumps.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Stabilità dei versanti, Tempesta Vaia, Ripristino ambientale, Riodin</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (5): 48 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0069-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0069-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0069-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Cavalli R Rapporti Tecnici 2019-08-31 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0069-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Confronto tra differenti schemi e densità d’impianto in piantagioni a prevalenza di rovere (Quercus petraea [Matt.] Liebel.): un caso di studio in Umbria http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3130-016 <p><b>Testaferri G, Bianchetto E, Bidini C, Terradura M, Pelleri F</b></p><p><b>CONFRONTO TRA DIFFERENTI SCHEMI E DENSITÀ D’IMPIANTO IN PIANTAGIONI A PREVALENZA DI ROVERE (QUERCUS PETRAEA [MATT.] LIEBEL.): UN CASO DI STUDIO IN UMBRIA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: The results of tree farming plantation, aged 20 years, characterized by three different planting designs are reported. The plantation designs differ in planting densities and by the presence/absence of N-fixing nurse trees and shrubs. The plantations intercropped with N-fixing trees and shrubs (B 33% and C 66%) showed superior increment in dbh and height. The plantation C characterized by valuable tree planted at definitive distances (8 m), lower tree density and higher percentage of N-fixing trees and shrubs (C) showed the best growth performance and no thinning need, but showed the worst stems quality. In plantation (C) the vigorous development of shrubs and brambles hindered the management, making the plantation not suitable for tourist and recreational activities, though more attractive for local wildlife. The plantation with high tree density characterized mainly by sessile oak (A) was more sensitive to insect attacks and needed to be early thinned, thus it is more suitable for tourist and recreational activities. The plantation B with high tree density and intercropped with N-fixing nurse shrubs showed higher growth, needed to be tinned and can be used for tourist and recreational activities too.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Sessile Oak, Nitrogen Fixing Species, Thinning, Planting Layout</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (4): 40-47 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor3130-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3130-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3130-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Testaferri G, Bianchetto E, Bidini C, Terradura M, Pelleri F Articoli Scientifici 2019-07-17 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3130-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Editoriali: La doppia faccia del vento, come Jekyll e Hyde http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0070-016 <p><b>Borghetti M</b></p><p><b>LA DOPPIA FACCIA DEL VENTO, COME JEKYLL E HYDE</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: We talk shortly about negative and positive effects of the windstorm (Vaia) that swept the forests of the North-East in Italy last October. In addition to short-term economic and infrastructural damages, the most negative effect was on the local people, who feel the forest as their home, and see it as the result of hard work done by parents and grandparents. The positive effect is the wind opened the way to the natural regeneration and the formation of more stable forests. A piece of news spread by the media is denied: the famous forest of Paneveggio in the province of Trento, from which the resonant wood used for the violins is obtained, has not been destroyed by the storm.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Windstorm, Eastern Alps, Forest Recovery, Natural Regeneration</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (3): 37-39 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0070-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0070-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0070-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Borghetti M Editoriali 2019-06-21 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0070-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Commenti & Prospettive: Il monitoraggio degli ecosistemi forestali per comprendere gli impatti dell’inquinamento atmosferico e le opportunità di mitigazione http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3154-016 <p><b>Fares S, Paoletti E</b></p><p><b>IL MONITORAGGIO DEGLI ECOSISTEMI FORESTALI PER COMPRENDERE GLI IMPATTI DELL’INQUINAMENTO ATMOSFERICO E LE OPPORTUNITÀ DI MITIGAZIONE</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Atmospheric pollution produced by anthropogenic activities has detrimental effects on humans but also on plants. When forests are affected by exposure to pollutants such as nitrogen oxides, particles (with size ≤ 10 µm), and ozone, they in turn act as sentinels towards pollutant emission and at the same time provide ecosystem services when they scavenge pollutants form the atmosphere. In order to move towards levels of air quality not giving rise to significant negative impacts and risks to human health and the environment, the revision of the National Emission Ceilings Directive (2016/2284/EU) sets limits on the amount of pollutants that can be emitted by each Member States per year. By recognizing the negative impacts of pollution on forest ecosystems, the Directive also invites member states to monitor the impacts of pollution on forest ecosystems encouraging the continuation of long-term monitoring networks such as the ICP-Forests network. We discuss here opportunities for Italy to attain the directive thanks to a revitalized activity based on existing monitoring networks and the synergies with other newly established monitoring programs.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Atmospheric Pollution, Forest Ecosystems, National Emission Ceilings Directive, Forest Monitoring, Ozone</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (3): 32-36 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor3154-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3154-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3154-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Fares S, Paoletti E Commenti & Prospettive 2019-05-27 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3154-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Commenti & Prospettive: Produzioni agricole e forestali per biomassa a impiego energetico http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3001-016 <p><b>Corona P, Tognetti R, Monti A, Nardi S, Faccoli M, Salvi S, Casini L, Pantaleo Marco A, Pergher G, Cavalli R, Corti G, Buzzini P, Terribile F, Motta R, Tonon G, Romano R, Plutino M, Paletto A, Sallustio L, Comino R, Garrone C, Martello G, Angelini P, Monarca D, Zimbalatti G</b></p><p><b>PRODUZIONI AGRICOLE E FORESTALI PER BIOMASSA A IMPIEGO ENERGETICO</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Global changes push to set up strategies able to mitigate and adapt agricultural and forest crops to environmental variability, and the sustainable intensification of production processes under agricultural and forestry systems is one of the approaches mainly supported. In Italy biomass and biogas are the renewable energy sources that have shown the greatest potential for growth in recent years. In this context, during the XV National Congress held in Bolzano in February 2018, the Italian Association of Agricultural Scientific Societies has promoted an analysis about potential and limits of the sustainable intensification of agricultural and forestry systems for bioenergy production. This document reports the outcome, in the form of a commented discussion on the main evidences and proposals from technical-scientific and operational points of view.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Energy, Renewable Energy Sources, Biomass, Agroforestry Systems, Forest-wood Supply Chain</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (2): 26-31 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor3001-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3001-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3001-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Corona P, Tognetti R, Monti A, Nardi S, Faccoli M, Salvi S, Casini L, Pantaleo Marco A, Pergher G, Cavalli R, Corti G, Buzzini P, Terribile F, Motta R, Tonon G, Romano R, Plutino M, Paletto A, Sallustio L, Comino R, Garrone C, Martello G, Angelini P, Monarca D, Zimbalatti G Commenti & Prospettive 2019-03-14 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3001-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Commenti & Prospettive: Agroselvicoltura ed intensificazione ecologica http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3053-016 <p><b>Paris P, Consalvo C, Rosati A, Mele M, Franca A, Camilli F, Marchetti M</b></p><p><b>AGROSELVICOLTURA ED INTENSIFICAZIONE ECOLOGICA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: The agricultural and forestry sectors are currently facing the dramatic trilemma of producing food, energy and wood for a growing world population, while preserving the environment at the same time. Agroforestry systems are able to address those issues by integrating crops and/or grazing animals with woody perennials on the same land unit, which results in ecological intensification of productivity and higher and synergic use efficiency of natural resources and cultural inputs. In Italy, there is a long tradition of agroforestry systems, but the modernization of agriculture and society has led to a great reduction in their adoption. Both the residual traditional agroforestry systems (about 1.4 million ha) and the modern ones currently studied, can contribute to food and wood security, while significantly maintaining the most relevant local and global ecosystem services (soil erosion, phytoremediation, biodiversity, carbon sequestration) in the current context of climate change.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Trees Outside Forest, Ecosystem Services, Plantation Forestry, Silvoarable Systems, Silvopastoral Systems</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (2): 10-15 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor3053-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3053-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3053-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Paris P, Consalvo C, Rosati A, Mele M, Franca A, Camilli F, Marchetti M Commenti & Prospettive 2019-03-07 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3053-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Offerta e domanda di biomasse legnose ad uso energetico in provincia di Trento: un’indagine conoscitiva http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3037-016 <p><b>Pieratti E, Bernardi S, Romagnoli M, Sartori O, Paletto A</b></p><p><b>OFFERTA E DOMANDA DI BIOMASSE LEGNOSE AD USO ENERGETICO IN PROVINCIA DI TRENTO: UN’INDAGINE CONOSCITIVA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: In the last decades, the energy policy of European Union (EU) has fostered the use of biomass from forests and outside forests for energy purposes. Firstly, the Green Paper on renewable energies of the European Commission, then, the Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, the objectives of reducing the greenhouses gases (GHG) emissions and increasing the share of final consumption covered by renewable sources have been established. In this context, the present study investigated the flow of wood residues for energy use in the Trentino province - involving 82 wood processing enterprises (74% of total enterprises) and 22 biomass energy plants (85% of total biomass energy plants) - and quality of raw material used. The results show that in the Trentino province 100% of wood residues produced by wood processing enterprises are sold in the market (90.6%) or re-used within the enterprise (9.4%). Concerning the biomass sold on the market, 46% of wood biomass is marketed within the Trentino province, while 54% is marketed outside the province (Bolzano province, Veneto and Lombardy region). The biomass energy plants mainly use woodchips from forest and sawmills (86%), while sawdust and bark cover the remaining 10% and 4%, respectively. The biomass energy plants sample involved in the survey buys mainly raw material from traders (42.5%) followed by wood processing enterprises (34.3%) and forest enterprises (23.2%). Regarding the quality of wood biomass, only 54.5% of biomass energy plants sample checks the water content, while 41% buy certified woodchips. The results of this study highlight that forest-wood chain in the Trentino province is efficient in re-using wood residues produced in accordance with the principles of the circular bioeconomy, while there are still margins for improvement about the controls of the quality of raw materials used and to enhance of wood products of high added value (bio-textiles, bio-plastics).</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Circular Bioeconomy, Short Chain, Cascading Approach, First Wood Processing Enterprises, Biomass Energy Plants, Wood Residues, Trentino</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (2): 16-25 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor3037-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3037-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3037-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Pieratti E, Bernardi S, Romagnoli M, Sartori O, Paletto A Articoli Scientifici 2019-03-07 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3037-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Rapporti Tecnici: Stima dei danni della tempesta “Vaia” alle foreste in Italia http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3070-016 <p><b>Chirici G, Giannetti F, Travaglini D, Nocentini S, Francini S, D’Amico G, Calvo E, Fasolini D, Broll M, Maistrelli F, Tonner J, Pietrogiovanna M, Oberlechner K, Andriolo A, Comino R, Faidiga A, Pasutto I, Carraro G, Zen S, Contarin F, Alfonsi L, Wolynski A, Zanin M, Gagliano C, Tonolli S, Zoanetti R, Tonetti R, Cavalli R, Lingua E, Pirotti F, Grigolato S, Bellingeri D, Zini E, Gianelle D, Dalponte M, Pompei E, Stefani A, Motta R, Morresi D, Garbarino M, Alberti G, Valdevit F, Tomelleri E, Torresani M, Tonon G, Marchi M, Corona P, Marchetti M</b></p><p><b>STIMA DEI DANNI DELLA TEMPESTA “VAIA” ALLE FORESTE IN ITALIA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: On October 29, 2019, the Vaia storm hits the North-Eastern regions of Italy by wind gusts exceeding 200 km h-1. The forests in these regions have been seriously damaged. This contribution illustrates the methodology adopted in the emergency phase to estimate forest damages caused by Vaia storm, both in terms of damaged forest areas and growing stock volume of fallen trees. 494 Municipalities registered forest damages caused by Vaia, destroyed or intensely damaged forest stands amounted to about 42.500 ha, spread in Trentino Alto Adige, Veneto, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Lombardy and, only marginally, Piedmont and Valle d’Aosta. The growing stock volume of fallen trees was about 8.5 millions m3.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Windstorms, North-Eastern Italy, Wind Damages, Forest Damage Inventory</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (1): 3-9 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor3070-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3070-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3070-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Chirici G, Giannetti F, Travaglini D, Nocentini S, Francini S, D’Amico G, Calvo E, Fasolini D, Broll M, Maistrelli F, Tonner J, Pietrogiovanna M, Oberlechner K, Andriolo A, Comino R, Faidiga A, Pasutto I, Carraro G, Zen S, Contarin F, Alfonsi L, Wolynski A, Zanin M, Gagliano C, Tonolli S, Zoanetti R, Tonetti R, Cavalli R, Lingua E, Pirotti F, Grigolato S, Bellingeri D, Zini E, Gianelle D, Dalponte M, Pompei E, Stefani A, Motta R, Morresi D, Garbarino M, Alberti G, Valdevit F, Tomelleri E, Torresani M, Tonon G, Marchi M, Corona P, Marchetti M Rapporti Tecnici 2019-02-15 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor3070-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Editoriali: Dopo la tempesta, i piani dell’uomo e la ricostituzione della foresta http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0071-016 <p><b>Borghetti M</b></p><p><b>DOPO LA TEMPESTA, I PIANI DELL’UOMO E LA RICOSTITUZIONE DELLA FORESTA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: On 29 October 2018, a violent windstorm swept across eastern Italian Alps: thousands hectares of forests were affected and millions of trees uprooted. We warn not be in a hurry to restore artificially the forest: windstorms are natural disturbances and we should rely mostly on natural regeneration for forest recovery. It may take quite a long time in some cases, but natural regeneration will ensure diverse, productive and more resilient forests.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Windstorm, Forest Recovery, Natural Regeneration, Forest Resilience</p><p><i>Forest@ 16 (1): 1-2 (2019)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0071-016<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0071-016" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0071-016</a></p><hr size="1"/> Borghetti M Editoriali 2019-01-28 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0071-016 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Gravi infestazioni di Xylosandrus germanus (Blandford, 1894) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) in castagneti del Piemonte http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2860-015 <p><b>Dutto M, Ferracini C, Faccoli M</b></p><p><b>GRAVI INFESTAZIONI DI XYLOSANDRUS GERMANUS (BLANDFORD, 1894) (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE, SCOLYTINAE) IN CASTAGNETI DEL PIEMONTE</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: In the Spring 2018 large infestations of the Asian ambrosia beetle Xylosandrus germanus were observed in various chestnut plantations in province of Cuneo (NW Italy). Unexpected thermal increase recorded in April triggered massive colonization of young Euro-Japanese hybrids chestnuts planted in 2017. The attacks spread in a wide western territory of the Cuneo province (Valle Infernotto, Valle Varaita, Saluzzo plain, Valle Po), causing the death of about 25% of the trees growing in the plantations affected by the infestations. Prompt clearcut and destruction of the infested trees, and the laying of attractive traps is needed to contain the damage and reduce the pest population density. Continuous monitoring of the physiological conditions of young chestnut trees and of the pest population is required in order to prevent new outbreaks.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Asian Ambrosia Beetle, Castanea sativa Stands, Exotic Insect Pest, Chestnut Management, NW Italy</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (6): 112-116 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2860-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2860-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2860-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Dutto M, Ferracini C, Faccoli M Articoli Scientifici 2018-12-03 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2860-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Commenti & Prospettive: La selvicoltura delle pinete artificiali di pino nero: analisi delle legislazioni regionali italiane http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2985-015 <p><b>Cantiani P, Di Salvatore U, Romano R</b></p><p><b>LA SELVICOLTURA DELLE PINETE ARTIFICIALI DI PINO NERO: ANALISI DELLE LEGISLAZIONI REGIONALI ITALIANE</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: During the last century, afforestation programmes were planned in most of the Italian regions and black pine plantations have represented one of the main public policy effort in mountain areas. The afforestation tecniques has been generally similar throughout Italy, producing nowadays artificial back pine forests showing similar age and structures. Nevertheless, contrasting forestry legislations and decision making both theoretically and technically are adopted at regional scale specifically on black pine forest management. Because of these heterogeneity of laws and regulation, a reference knowledge base can standardise and harmonise the different terms and technical-management aspects often involved in the forestry sector. The aim of this work is to provide a legislative history concerning afforestation at the National level, with a synoptic framework of the current regional forest legislation on the treatment of black pine forests.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Black Pine, Silviculture, Forest Regulations, Forest Laws, High Forests</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (6): 99-111 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2985-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2985-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2985-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Cantiani P, Di Salvatore U, Romano R Commenti & Prospettive 2018-11-22 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2985-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Commenti & Prospettive: Selvicoltura e schianti da vento. Il caso della “tempesta Vaia” http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2990-015 <p><b>Motta R, Ascoli D, Corona P, Marchetti M, Vacchiano G</b></p><p><b>SELVICOLTURA E SCHIANTI DA VENTO. IL CASO DELLA “TEMPESTA VAIA”</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: On October 29th, 2018, storm Vaia hit forests in north-eastern Italy, causing the loss of 8 million cubic meters of standing trees and, more importantly, the sudden reduction of forest-related ecosystem services. Such event is not unprecedented: a similar storm had occurred in the same regions in 1966. Every year, an average of two extratropical storms affects the European continent, where wind is the most important agent of forest damage, contributing to more than half of total forest losses (38 million cubic meters of downed wood per year). The probability of storm damage in forests depends on four drivers: weather, site conditions, topography, and tree and stand characteristics. However peak wind speed is the dominant factor: over certain gust velocities, trees are broken or uprooted regardless of their characteristics - such velocities were certainly met by the Vaia event. In this case it may be impossible to avoid or mitigate wind damages. Nonetheless, management options to enhance the long-term forest resistance and resilience always exist. In this perspective, the storm Vaia (after the emergency management) and its consequences could be considered as a key lesson to be learned and as an important opportunity to enhance the resilience of Italian forest stands.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Silviculture, Windthrows, Forest Structure, Natural Disturbances, Restoration</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (6): 94-98 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2990-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2990-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2990-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Motta R, Ascoli D, Corona P, Marchetti M, Vacchiano G Commenti & Prospettive 2018-11-13 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2990-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Commenti & Prospettive: Il nuovo regolamento comunitario LULUCF: sfide e opportunità per il settore forestale italiano http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2886-015 <p><b>Pilli R, Vizzarri M, Fiorese G, Grassi G</b></p><p><b>IL NUOVO REGOLAMENTO COMUNITARIO LULUCF: SFIDE E OPPORTUNITÀ PER IL SETTORE FORESTALE ITALIANO</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: The entry into force of the new Italian national forest law was followed by the recent approval of the new European regulation 2018/841 on the inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from land use, land use change and forest (the so called LULUCF sector) into the 2030 climate and energy reduction targets. While the national forest law has been extensively debated, the EU regulation has not received, at least in Italy, a due attention by the forest sector. Since the Kyoto Protocol in 1997, the accounting and reporting of GHG for the forestry sector has been strongly debated and constrained by a series of technical issues, such as the quantification of the actual contribution of anthropogenic activities to GHG removals. The new LULUCF regulation seeks to overcome these limits by proposing a novel approach for accounting GHG emissions and removals in the forestry sector for the period 2020-2030. Moreover, emissions in the forest sector become more comparable to those in other sectors. The most innovative aspects refer to the so-called Forest Reference Level (FRL), and to the inclusion of accounting procedures also for Harvested Wood Products. The FRL is an estimate of the expected GHG emissions and removals in managed forest lands, against which the future GHG emissions and removals will be calculated. Despite originally based on policy assumptions (e.g., expected harvest), the new FRL is based on estimating the theoretical development of forests resulting from the continuation of the management practices as observed in the reference period 2000-2009. Thus, the FRL incorporates the age-structure dynamics of forest stands, and allows for increasing removals in aging forests. In this way, any impact of changes in forest management on GHG emissions will be considered, as in other sectors. Considering that Member States have the responsibility to account for GHG emissions and removals for the LULUCF sector, the implementation of the new LULUCF regulation, and the inherent calculation of the FRL represent both a challenge (for defining past and future management practices and harvest) and an opportunity (for enhancing the forestry-wood and energy chain) for the forestry sector in Italy.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forests, Paris Agreement, European Union, LULUCF, Reference Level, Forest Management</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (5): 87-93 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2886-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2886-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2886-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Pilli R, Vizzarri M, Fiorese G, Grassi G Commenti & Prospettive 2018-09-27 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2886-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Perizia di stima del valore di macchiatico: caratteri, contenuti ed autovalidazione http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2764-015 <p><b>Benedetti G, Carbone F</b></p><p><b>PERIZIA DI STIMA DEL VALORE DI MACCHIATICO: CARATTERI, CONTENUTI ED AUTOVALIDAZIONE</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: La perizia di stima da sempre ha quale obiettivo prioritario quello di informare il committente del valore di un bene. Rispetto al passato, questo elaborato oggi deve conformarsi agli standard della due diligence. In particolare, è richiesto che esso fornisca informazioni aggiuntive circa i caratteri del bene in stima e degli altri aspetti ad esso correlati. Inoltre, l’estensore è sollecitato ad avere la consapevolezza che la perizia deve comunicare a terzi, che non hanno competenze specifiche, aspetti sostanziali e tecnici. Il presente studio è stato sviluppato in riferimento alla perizia di determinazione del valore del soprassuolo da abbattere. Dopo aver brevemente introdotto gli aspetti teorici di base, è stato effettuata l’analisi di un campione di 22 perizie. Tre sono gli aspetti principali sotto esame: gli aspetti formali, il processo estimativo e la capacità di comunicazione dell’elaborato. Dall’analisi sono emersi molti aspetti critici, alcuni dei quali possono essere spiegati dall’istituzionalizzazione del processo del valore di macchiatico da parte del Corpo Forestale dello Stato, oggi non più operativo. Nelle conclusioni si evidenziano i punti critici delle perizie esaminate e vengono proposti alcuni suggerimenti per l’estimatore forestale al fine di produrre un report coerente con gli standard propri della due diligence. Inoltre, si propone l’uso delle matrici utilizzate nel presente studio come strumenti per la validazione di parte seconda della perizia.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Generi di perizia, Criterio di stima, Procedimento di stima, Validazione, Analisi del processo estimativo, Analisi della capacità comunicativa</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (4): 75-86 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2764-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2764-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2764-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Benedetti G, Carbone F Articoli Scientifici 2018-08-11 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2764-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Editoriali: Territorio, bioeconomia e gestione degli incendi: una sfida da raccogliere al più presto http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0072-015 <p><b>Marchetti M, Ascoli D</b></p><p><b>TERRITORIO, BIOECONOMIA E GESTIONE DEGLI INCENDI: UNA SFIDA DA RACCOGLIERE AL PIÙ PRESTO</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Forest fires are increasing in all developed temperate countries and especially in Southern Europe. An unprecedented forest transition is more and more due to land abandonment on one side and, on the other side, to the lack of awareness in urban culture about ecological processes and dynamics. Wildland Urban Interfaces are growing and could represent potential traps in terms of security for people especially where fuel is not monitored and assessed, urban areas are not planned at all and landscape is not properly managed in an integrated way.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Fire Planning and Forest Policies, Megafires, Deep Causes and Increase of Fire Passage Severity, Territorial Factors and Socioeconomics</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (4): 71-74 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0072-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0072-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0072-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Marchetti M, Ascoli D Editoriali 2018-08-03 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0072-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Comunicazioni Brevi: Analisi storica della produzione scientifica dei settori scientifico-disciplinari AGR05 e AGR06 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2861-015 <p><b>Fioravanti M, Giannetti F, Spinelli S, Marchetti M</b></p><p><b>ANALISI STORICA DELLA PRODUZIONE SCIENTIFICA DEI SETTORI SCIENTIFICO-DISCIPLINARI AGR05 E AGR06</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: On the occasion of the reorganization of disciplinary fields (DF) which is under implementation by the MIUR (Italian Ministry for Research and Education), the scientific production of the Italian forest research in two characterizing disciplines (AGR05 Forest management and Silviculture, and AGR06 Wood technology and Forest Operation) has been qualitatively investigated over the period 2005-2017. Using a text mining software, 2.112 scientific articles indexed in the SCOPUS database were analyzed and the evolution over time of the Italian forest research in the above disciplines was examined. The results indicate that ecosystem functions and services have pushed forest research to overcome the aspects linked to wood production (which still remains an important competence of the two DFs), to tackle topics aiming to understand the functioning and functionality of forest ecosystems, provide tools for monitoring forest dynamics and highlight the contribution of forests and urban green areas in contrasting climate change in terms of adaptation and mitigation. As regards the AGR06 sector, studies on forest operations have been mainly focused on issues related to the forest-energy supply chain, while for wood technology the enhancement of structural uses, the modified wood, and the conservation of Wooden Cultural Heritage have emerged. Therefore, the reorganization of disciplinary fields must certainly take into account the traditional Italian forestry thinking and the aspects related to planning, management and close-to-nature forestry, but also the evolution of forestry research in the past 15 years, which led to an intense scientific activity and production, must be considered. In defining the new declarations, it will therefore be appropriate firstly to consider the peculiarity in the area of Agricultural Science, and then the specificity of skills and research that each one of the two sectors carries forward both jointly and separately, thus ensuring to both sectors an adequate representation in autonomous profiles and domains.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forestry, Wood, Scientometrics, SCOPUS</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (3): 65-70 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2861-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2861-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2861-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Fioravanti M, Giannetti F, Spinelli S, Marchetti M Comunicazioni Brevi 2018-06-04 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2861-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Commenti & Prospettive: L’equilibrio della natura non esiste (e non è mai esistito!) http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2839-015 <p><b>Motta R</b></p><p><b>L’EQUILIBRIO DELLA NATURA NON ESISTE (E NON È MAI ESISTITO!)</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: For decades ecologists and natural resource managers have operated on the assumption that the normal condition of nature, if not disturbed by humans, is a state of equilibrium called homeostasis. This paradigm led to the doctrine, popular especially among conservationists, that nature knows best and that human intervention is bad by definition. In the last decades new evidences have led ecologists and natural resource managers to abandon such concept or consider it as irrelevant. The new paradigm is that ecosystems are constantly changing and the main engine of this change are natural disturbances (e.g., fire, wind, insect outbreaks, etc.). The biological diversity is dependent on natural disturbance, thus natural resource conservation and management must take into account the fundamental role of these events.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest Dynamics, Natural Disturbances, Homeostasis, Forest Management</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (3): 56-58 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2839-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2839-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2839-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Motta R Commenti & Prospettive 2018-05-08 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2839-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Analisi spaziale dell’incendio del Morrone nel Parco Nazionale della Majella mediante l’utilizzo di immagini satellitari http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2775-015 <p><b>Frate L, Fabrizio M, Ciaschetti G, Spera M</b></p><p><b>ANALISI SPAZIALE DELL’INCENDIO DEL MORRONE NEL PARCO NAZIONALE DELLA MAJELLA MEDIANTE L’UTILIZZO DI IMMAGINI SATELLITARI</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: In the last decades, wildfires have considerably changed in their frequency, extension, intensity and this is mainly due to climate change and human activities. The year 2017 was particularly significant for the amount of hectares burned in Southern Europe and especially in Italy. Remote sensing has been used to map and monitor wildfires around the world. In the last years, the advent of monitoring programs such as Copernicus (handled by the European Commission in partnership with the European Space Agency) offers a unique opportunity to monitor several land features, including wildfires. The aim of this paper is to map the 2017 fire occurred on the Morrone Mountain, in the Majella National Park. We used pre and post Sentinel 2-A data to map burned areas and to define severity classes. We also quantified burned areas in terms of land cover categories and Natura 2000 habitat types. The analysis showed that the burned area is 2184 ha, of which 84% (1837 ha) is within the Majella National Park limits (4% of the entire Park area). Most of the burned area is occupied by shrubs and grasslands, most of which are Natura 2000 habitats. Other burned areas are coniferous plantations and beech forests. The Sentinel 2-A imagery offers consistent, reproducible and unbiased recordings of fire features, an useful tool in remote and mountainous areas such as the Majella National Park.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Wildfires, Sentinel 2-A, Natura 2000, Remote Sensing</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (3): 59-64 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2775-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2775-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2775-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Frate L, Fabrizio M, Ciaschetti G, Spera M Articoli Scientifici 2018-05-08 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2775-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Commenti & Prospettive: Le foreste e il sistema foresta-legno in Italia: verso una nuova strategia per rispondere alle sfide interne e globali http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2796-015 <p><b>Marchetti M, Motta R, Pettenella D, Sallustio L, Vacchiano G</b></p><p><b>LE FORESTE E IL SISTEMA FORESTA-LEGNO IN ITALIA: VERSO UNA NUOVA STRATEGIA PER RISPONDERE ALLE SFIDE INTERNE E GLOBALI</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Forest cover in Italy has increased three-fold in slightly more than a century. In 2018 the area covered by forest will be, for the first time since long, larger than that covered by active cultivation. In the same time, the stewardship of forest ecosystem services such as biodiversity provision, hydrogeological protection, and landscape conservation has increased. More than 27% of Italian forests are included in protected areas; 86% of forests is subject to limitation of use connected to soil protection and water cycle regulation, and 100% is under the landscape conservation law. Italy is also home of one of the largest economies of wood transformation, but 80% of the raw material is imported, which implies several environmental, socio-economic, and ethical issues, both domestically and abroad. The conditions are ripe to plan for a responsible management of the natural capital in the country’s forests. A forest management that is active, shared, and conscious of domestic and global implications will be the best chance to maintain and improve the ecosystem services provided by forests in Italy.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest Cover, Forest Ecosystem Services, Natural Capital, Wood Harvesting</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (3): 41-50 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2796-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2796-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2796-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Marchetti M, Motta R, Pettenella D, Sallustio L, Vacchiano G Commenti & Prospettive 2018-05-03 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2796-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Commenti & Prospettive: La gestione forestale sostenibile non può prescindere dalla conoscenza ecologica e conservazionistica attuale http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2782-015 <p><b>Chiarucci A, Piovesan G</b></p><p><b>LA GESTIONE FORESTALE SOSTENIBILE NON PUÒ PRESCINDERE DALLA CONOSCENZA ECOLOGICA E CONSERVAZIONISTICA ATTUALE</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: In this note, the new Italian law for active forestry is discussed in relation to sustainable forest management criteria. In particular, we discuss how the law has serious flaws concerning the aim of “Maintenance, conservation and appropriate enhancement of biological diversity in forest ecosystems”. We ask for an inclusion of conservation biology principles following the “Half of the Earth Paradigm” stated by Edward Wilson to ensure forest biodiversity conservation for future generation. A sustainable forest policy should also consider adequate criteria for the preservation of existing old growth forests and the rewilding of remote or strategic environments at regional level through the ecological planning of strict reserves in the different ecoregions.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Sustainable Forest Management, Forest Europe, Conservation Biology, Biodiversity, Naturalness, Rewilding</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (3): 51-55 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2782-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2782-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2782-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Chiarucci A, Piovesan G Commenti & Prospettive 2018-05-03 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2782-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Commenti & Prospettive: Selvicoltura nei cedui italiani: le normative sono allineate alle attuali condizioni? http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2772-015 <p><b>Cutini A, Mattioli W, Roggero F, Fabbio G, Romano R, Quatrini V, Corona P</b></p><p><b>SELVICOLTURA NEI CEDUI ITALIANI: LE NORMATIVE SONO ALLINEATE ALLE ATTUALI CONDIZIONI?</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Coppice silviculture: are laws and regulations in line with current conditions in Italy? Despite a less intensive management in the recent decades, coppices still cover a large part of Italian woodlands. Currently, they are characterized by relatively large wood volumes, especially with respect of those stands classified as “aged”. The current European and national strategies to reduce the use of fossil fuels and the related increasing demand of renewable bio-energy sources are giving a new boost to the coppice system, so that the need for an improved management of these stands is emerging. Under this perspective, this note highlights the opportunity for an overall revision of current forest laws and regulations at regional level in Italy, in order to embed recent scientific achievements and harmonize some aspects such as definitions, rotation, conversion to high stands, standards, cut size and administrative procedures.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest Management, Silviculture, Forest Laws, Forest Regulations</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (2): 20-28 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2772-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2772-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2772-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Cutini A, Mattioli W, Roggero F, Fabbio G, Romano R, Quatrini V, Corona P Commenti & Prospettive 2018-04-30 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2772-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Percezione sociale delle gestione forestale: il caso della foresta peri-urbana di Monte Morello in provincia di Firenze http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2769-015 <p><b>Paletto A, De Meo I, Cantiani P, Guerrini S, Lagomarsino A</b></p><p><b>PERCEZIONE SOCIALE DELLE GESTIONE FORESTALE: IL CASO DELLA FORESTA PERI-URBANA DI MONTE MORELLO IN PROVINCIA DI FIRENZE</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Urban and peri-urban forests play a relevant role for the urban population providing recreational and relaxing opportunities, improving air and water quality, and maintaining local biodiversity. In the last century, anthropic pressure and social requests on urban and peri-urban forests was drastically increased. In this context, surveys aimed to investigate the opinions and preferences of residents and visitors about urban and peri-urban forests are relevant in order to supply useful information to the local managers. The aim of the present study is to investigate social preferences for aesthetic and functional characteristics of the Monte Morello peri-urban forest in Tuscany after two different silvicultural treatments (traditional thinning and selective thinning). In order to collect the social preferences a semi-structured questionnaire was administered in spring-summer 2016 to 201 visitors of the Monte Morello peri-urban forest. The results of the survey show that the respondents prefer mixed forests with a horizontal and vertical differentiated stand structure. The respondents prefer three benefits (ecosystem services) provided by the Monte Morello forest: recreational opportunities, carbon dioxide sequestration and biodiversity conservation. In addition, the results show that respondents prefer from the aesthetic point of view the peri-urban forest of Monte Morello after the selective thinning. Conversely, the scenario status quo is the least appreciated due to the high amount of deadwood. The results of the present study provide quali-quantitative information useful for the decision makers (forest planners and managers) in order to define forest management strategies to enhance a peri-urban forest from the recreational point of view and to increase the site attractiveness.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Peri-urban Forests, Ecosystem Services, Tourism-recreation Function, Visitors, Questionnaire Survey, Tuscany Region</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (2): 29-39 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2769-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2769-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2769-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Paletto A, De Meo I, Cantiani P, Guerrini S, Lagomarsino A Articoli Scientifici 2018-04-30 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2769-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Editoriali: Ricordando Bernardo Hellrigl http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0073-015 <p><b>Del Favero R, Colpi C</b></p><p><b>RICORDANDO BERNARDO HELLRIGL</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: (n/a)</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: (n/a)</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (2): 40 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0073-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0073-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0073-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Del Favero R, Colpi C Editoriali 2018-04-30 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0073-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Editoriali: Il nuovo Codice Forestale Nazionale, un testo di legge molto incoraggiante http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0074-015 <p><b>Marchetti M</b></p><p><b>IL NUOVO CODICE FORESTALE NAZIONALE, UN TESTO DI LEGGE MOLTO INCORAGGIANTE</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: (n/a)</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: (n/a)</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (1): 18-19 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0074-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0074-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0074-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Marchetti M Editoriali 2018-01-29 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0074-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Editoriali: Ma l’ISTAT sa che in Italia esistono boschi e foreste? http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0075-015 <p><b>Marchetti M, Pettenella D</b></p><p><b>MA L’ISTAT SA CHE IN ITALIA ESISTONO BOSCHI E FORESTE?</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Taking into account the last National Report of ISTAT (The Italian National Institute of Statistics), the present paper deals with the astonishing fact that forest chain has not been considered nor cited. The importance of woods and timber is highlighted, in connection with the great range of ecosystem services forests are providing to the entire society.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: The Italian National Institute of Statistics, Forest Inventory, Forest Chain, Fires</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (1): 1-2 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0075-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0075-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0075-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Marchetti M, Pettenella D Editoriali 2018-01-23 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0075-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Rapporti Tecnici: ll fitonimo zappino, etimologia e diffusione. Il caso dell’eteronimo di Fontegreca (CE) http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2408-015 <p><b>Fiorucci E</b></p><p><b>LL FITONIMO ZAPPINO, ETIMOLOGIA E DIFFUSIONE. IL CASO DELL’ETERONIMO DI FONTEGRECA (CE)</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: The plant name “zappino” most certainly comes from Latin, from Sap(p)inus = zappino, which is cited by many classic Latin authors such as Pliny, Virgil, Vitruvius, etc. The first vernacular attestations date back to the year 978. Just like the Romans gave sap(p)inus various meanings (pine tree, pine or spruce trunk, pine cone), today the name zappino is given to many different species: Aleppo pine tree, black pine, larch pine, cluster pine, local pine, spruce, larch. The word zappino has also been included in local toponomastics in areas with abundant resinous species; the toponym has been preserved until modern times, also in districts where the species no longer exist and local people have long since lost the memory of them. The attribution of zappino to the Fontegreca (Caserta, southern Italy) cypress tree does not appear to be sufficiently documented and semantically correct. It is likely that the word origin (with various contaminations) is an animal name, deriving from a Balcanic dialect (=billy goat, kid, goat, plots of land or mountains, streams or road networks), associated with the presence of little goats that have nothing to do with the cypress tree; a similar etymology could be applied to toponyms of sites where pine trees or spruce trees have never existed.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Fontegreca, Cypress, Zappino, Etymology, Zooname</p><p><i>Forest@ 15 (1): 3-17 (2018)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2408-015<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2408-015" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2408-015</a></p><hr size="1"/> Fiorucci E Rapporti Tecnici 2018-01-23 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2408-015 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Rassegne: Il ceduo oggi: quale gestione oltre le definizioni? http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2562-014 <p><b>Fabbio G, Cutini A</b></p><p><b>IL CEDUO OGGI: QUALE GESTIONE OLTRE LE DEFINIZIONI?</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: The economical-social change, the competitiveness and “modernity” of fossil fuels, their prompt diffusion are the concurrent factors that heavily reduced the use of coppice firewood and charcoal since the fifties of the last century. Therefore, a shift took place in the last 60 years from the homogeneous area made of intensively managed, young stands to the more and more differentiated standing crops, as for structural features, growing stocks and growth dynamics, even though all of them originated from a common matrix. Nowadays, the former coppice area includes stands managed under lengthened rotations, outgrown coppices, the coppice conversion into high forest. The 2005 National Forest Inventory reported that 87% of standing crops was included in the age-classes 20-40 and over 40 years, with variable percentages according to tree species, from beech up to thermophilous oaks. Here, the basis of historical judgment on the coppice system, the reasons underlying the outgrown coppice establishment, the current standards of cultivation under even doubled rotations, are critically analyzed. The current demand to reduce the use of fossil fuels by renewable bio-energy sources and to face up the effects of climate change (unpredictability, rainfall reduction, higher air temperature, prolonged droughts, water stress, fire risk) give a new boost to the coppice system. Main goals today are to: (i) optimize the capacity of firewood production to reduce the heavy deficit at the country level; (ii) make the best use of the regeneration ability inherent to the system against the more sensitive regeneration from seed in the changing environment. The positive growth trend, the maintenance of resprouting ability as well as of vital stools density in the outgrown coppice area, address to a sustainable increase of rotations up to the age of 50 years, as already highlighted by a few regional regulations. It would allow the recovery of a current volume increment of 1-1.5 M m3 to internal firewood production. Unsuitable stand locations or bio-ecological conditions as well as stands already under conversion into high forest are obviously excluded. The approach to coppice system maintenance within the variable territorial context, the possible innovation and the definition of flexible silvicultural models are then outlined. The useful updating and harmonization of forest regulations are finally recalled.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Outgrown Coppice, Silviculture, Dynamics, Innovation, Cultivation Models</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (5): 257-274 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2562-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2562-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2562-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Fabbio G, Cutini A Rassegne 2017-10-30 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2562-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Rassegne: I principali insetti parassiti della pioppicoltura italiana: aggiornamenti e prospettive http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2625-014 <p><b>Allegro G</b></p><p><b>I PRINCIPALI INSETTI PARASSITI DELLA PIOPPICOLTURA ITALIANA: AGGIORNAMENTI E PROSPETTIVE</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: The main insect pests affecting poplar plantations in Italy: updates and perspectives. An update of the main insect pests causing significant damage to poplar plantations in Italy is here provided. The recent introduction of a few highly dangerous invasive alien pests as well as the increasing importance of secondary pests infesting poplar trees physiologically stressed by climate change are discussed. A short comment about induced damage and possible control strategies is provided for each pest.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Poplar Plantations, Insect Pests, Alien Pests, Italy</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (5): 275-284 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2625-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2625-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2625-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Allegro G Rassegne 2017-10-30 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2625-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Approcci selvicolturali innovativi a sostegno della gestione forestale sostenibile in Calabria http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2544-014 <p><b>Iovino F, Nicolaci A, Menguzzato G, Marziliano P, Bernardini V, Castaldi C, Quatrini V, Cutini A</b></p><p><b>APPROCCI SELVICOLTURALI INNOVATIVI A SOSTEGNO DELLA GESTIONE FORESTALE SOSTENIBILE IN CALABRIA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: We propose several guidelines for sustainable forest management of the main regional forest types based on literature review on silviculture and forest management and taking into account the results from surveys carried out in four test sites located in Calabria (Southern Italy) within the framework of ALForLAB project. The four test sites cover 16% of regional forested area, which included ten of the main silvicultural types. Results highlighted a high variability in stand structure of high forests, while coppice woods were characterised by low structural variablity. The different silvicultural treatments proposed for high forests focused on the maintenance of stand structure complexity where it is already high, and to enhance it where the past management options simplified stand structure. The proposed silvicultural treatments for conifer plantations aimed at progressive renaturalisation. In the regional context coppice management, especially simple coppice with standards, still maintains an important role for fuelwood and charcoal production, poles and posts (chestnut coppice) production, and more recently for forest biomass for energy use. Coppice management, with exception for beech stands and stands within protected areas, can still be maintained with the adoption of suitable tending and thinnings interventions and rotation periods. The management guidelines here proposed for both high forests and coppices represent an important tool for sustainable forest management in Calabria. In addition, they can be an useful and complementary tool for spatial decision support system aimed to Precision Forestry issues.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Silviculture, High Forests, Coppice, Plantations, Wood, Forest Biomass, Precision Forestry, ALForLAB</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (5): 285-313 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2544-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2544-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2544-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Iovino F, Nicolaci A, Menguzzato G, Marziliano P, Bernardini V, Castaldi C, Quatrini V, Cutini A Articoli Scientifici 2017-10-30 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2544-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Gestione sostenibile dei boschi e stima delle biomasse potenzialmente utilizzabili in Calabria: applicazione ad un’area di studio http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2598-014 <p><b>Iovino F, Cruscomagno F, Nicolaci A, Cutini A, Menguzzato G</b></p><p><b>GESTIONE SOSTENIBILE DEI BOSCHI E STIMA DELLE BIOMASSE POTENZIALMENTE UTILIZZABILI IN CALABRIA: APPLICAZIONE AD UN’AREA DI STUDIO</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Based on LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) data, estimates of volume and biomass potentially available from coppice and high forest stands under different silvicultural options were estimated in a case study located in the Pollino National Park (Calabria - Southern Italy) within the framework of the ALForLAB project. Estimates of volume and biomass potentially available were elaborated separately for the main silvicultural types: beech, Calabrian pine and Mediterranean pines high forest stands on one hand, and for traditional coppices, outgrown coppice and coppice in conversion to high forest on the other. The estimates were performed taking into duly account both of the forest regional law and the restrictions due to the protected area (Natural Park). The overall standing volume ranged from 4.8 up to 7.7 M m3, while the volume potentially available ranged from 3.7 up to 6 M m3. Estimates of mass potentially available under the the adoption of different silvicultural system and options, in a sustainable forest management context, and according to the main stand structure types were analysed and discussed.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Stand Structure, Sustainable Forest Management, Silvicultural Systems, Lidar, Forest Biomass, ALForLAB</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (5): 314-333 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2598-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2598-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2598-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Iovino F, Cruscomagno F, Nicolaci A, Cutini A, Menguzzato G Articoli Scientifici 2017-10-30 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2598-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Comunicazioni Brevi: Incendi 2017: un’importante lezione http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0076-014 <p><b>Battipaglia G, Tognetti R, Valese E, Ascoli D, De Luca PF, Basile S, Ottaviano M, Mazzoleni S, Marchetti M, Esposito A</b></p><p><b>INCENDI 2017: UN’IMPORTANTE LEZIONE</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Forest fires in 2017: a useful lesson. Forest fires, together with the decline of silviculture practice, are one of the most important natural disturbances affecting Mediterranean forests. The year 2017 is shaping up to be a record breaking fire season all around Southern Europe and especially in Italy for the sheer amount of hectares burned. Here we discuss about the importance of forest fire management, highlighting the role of prescribed burning and mechanical treatment (e.g., manual removal, thinning) in reducing the risk of high-intensity wildfires. We report on the successful applications of those fire management techniques on the pinewoods of Vesuvio National Park and Castel Fusano Natural Reserve. The information compiled in the present article aims to demonstrate the potential relevance and impact of forest resources management for fire hazard reduction and shows the necessity of strong interaction among not only the scientific community, but also forest managers, decision makers and the civic responsibility of society at large.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest Fire, Forest Management, Silviculture, Prescribed Fire</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (4): 231-236 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0076-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0076-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0076-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Battipaglia G, Tognetti R, Valese E, Ascoli D, De Luca PF, Basile S, Ottaviano M, Mazzoleni S, Marchetti M, Esposito A Comunicazioni Brevi 2017-08-14 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0076-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: La meccanizzazione nella raccolta di impianti di arboricoltura da legno: produttività di lavoro e costi http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2389-014 <p><b>Verani S, Sperandio G, Civitarese V, Spinelli R</b></p><p><b>LA MECCANIZZAZIONE NELLA RACCOLTA DI IMPIANTI DI ARBORICOLTURA DA LEGNO: PRODUTTIVITÀ DI LAVORO E COSTI</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Harvesting mechanization in plantations for wood production: working productivity and costs. Tree farming has developed rapidly since the early 1990s. Today, tree plantations play an important role in wood supply (including quality wood) and they can partly bridge the gap between national demand and supply which currently leads to substantial wood imports. The opportunity to start new local supply chains or improve the existing ones will have positive effects on the national economy. Against this background, the introduction of mechanized harvesting systems will result in a dramatic reduction of supply cost. This paper reports a full range of harvesting productivity and cost figures for the following plantation types: fast-growing conifers, high-value hardwoods (established following the ex-2080 EU grant scheme), eucalyptus and cottonwood. The purpose of this study is to provide essential information that may lead to the selection of the best technology option, adapted to the specific type of plantation and to the technology level of the harvesting contractor.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Wood Arboriculture, Harvesting, Productivity, Costs, Mechanization</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (4): 237-246 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2389-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2389-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2389-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Verani S, Sperandio G, Civitarese V, Spinelli R Articoli Scientifici 2017-08-14 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2389-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Protocollo di simulazione, calibrazione e validazione del modello 3D-CMCC-CNR-FEM: il caso studio del bacino altamente strumentato del Bonis in Calabria http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2368-014 <p><b>Collalti A, Biondo C, Buttafuoco G, Maesano M, Caloiero T, Lucà F, Pellicone G, Ricca N, Salvati R, Veltri A, Scarascia Mugnozza G, Matteucci G</b></p><p><b>PROTOCOLLO DI SIMULAZIONE, CALIBRAZIONE E VALIDAZIONE DEL MODELLO 3D-CMCC-CNR-FEM: IL CASO STUDIO DEL BACINO ALTAMENTE STRUMENTATO DEL BONIS IN CALABRIA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Simulation, calibration and validation protocols for the model 3D-CMCC-CNR-FEM: a case study in the Bonis’ watershed (Calabria, Italy). At present, the climate changes issue is perhaps the greatest threat that is affecting people and the environment. Forest ecosystems have a key role in the mitigation of climate change. In this context, the prediction of the evolution and growth dynamics of the forests including carbon and water fluxes, and in relation to forest management has become a primary objective. The present study aims at defining a protocol for data collection and the workflow for using the 3D-CMCC-CNR-FEM model in a small mountain watershed in the Calabria region. Within this work we synergistically integrate data coming from different methods (e.g., LiDAR, eddy covariance and sample area) to predict forest dynamics (growth, carbon and water fluxes). Carbon and water fluxes will be simulated considering also the effects of forest management.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest Model, Climate Change, Forest Management, Eddy Covariance, Lidar</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (4): 247-256 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2368-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2368-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2368-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Collalti A, Biondo C, Buttafuoco G, Maesano M, Caloiero T, Lucà F, Pellicone G, Ricca N, Salvati R, Veltri A, Scarascia Mugnozza G, Matteucci G Articoli Scientifici 2017-08-14 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2368-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Effetti a breve e medio termine di defogliazioni artificiali sull’accrescimento del pioppo euramericano (Populus × canadensis clone I-214) in piantagione in relazione all’intensità e all’epoca di defogliazione http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2417-014 <p><b>Allegro G</b></p><p><b>EFFETTI A BREVE E MEDIO TERMINE DI DEFOGLIAZIONI ARTIFICIALI SULL’ACCRESCIMENTO DEL PIOPPO EURAMERICANO (POPULUS × CANADENSIS CLONE I-214) IN PIANTAGIONE IN RELAZIONE ALL’INTENSITÀ E ALL’EPOCA DI DEFOGLIAZIONE</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: The impact of artificial defoliations on the growth of euramerican poplar (Populus × canadensis clone I-214) was investigated in three field assays. Young poplar trees (1st-3rd cultivation year) were subjected to 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% defoliation either in the early or in the late growing season (or in both periods), and their growth was measured in the same year and during the following 2-3 years. Only trees treated to 75% and 100% defoliation exhibited a significant growth decrease compared to control trees: the diametric growth of early defoliated trees was reduced up to 20-40% in the year of defoliation, whereas trees defoliated at the same rates late in the season, or defoliated twice in a single year, suffered the heaviest damage, showing a growth loss up to 50% in the year following the defoliation events. In the latter cases, a delayed sprouting at spring and the death of branchlets were observed. A financial analysis showed that the economic damage caused by the highest defoliation rates, mainly when occurring late in the season, definitely exceeds the cost of treatments, thus suggesting the adoption of appropriate control strategies.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Poplar, Wood Plantation, Hybrid Clone, Artificial Defoliation, Plant Growth, Damage Treshold</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (4): 206-217 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2417-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2417-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2417-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Allegro G Articoli Scientifici 2017-08-01 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2417-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Stima dell’andamento della redditività delle piantagioni di pioppo alla luce delle politiche di settore http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2394-014 <p><b>Pra A, Pettenella D</b></p><p><b>STIMA DELL’ANDAMENTO DELLA REDDITIVITÀ DELLE PIANTAGIONI DI PIOPPO ALLA LUCE DELLE POLITICHE DI SETTORE</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Estimating the profitability trends of poplar plantations under current sectorial public policies. Investments in poplar plantations in the Po valley (Northern Italy), the most important segment of timber production for the Italian forest-based sector, are undergoing a decline since more than two decades. The investment level is influenced by both economic variables directly related to the production, such as timber prices, management costs, and land costs, as well as external variables indirectly related to it, such as the opportunity cost of competitive agricultural productions, environmental restrictions, and the presence of subsidies. This paper presents the results of an analysis of trends in timber investment returns from poplar plantations in the Po Valley. In specific, we estimated how these returns have changed in the last 15 years (2001-2015) as a result of the evolution of the key variables of cost and timber price, and assuming a representative plantation management regime. The results show that, in the considered period, poplar timber investments have had a significant decline, with estimated Internal Rate of Returns dropped of 22.1%-44.2% from 2001 to 2015. In specific, the Internal Rates of Returns, when defined and in the base case scenario, ranged from values between 7.1% and 14.0% (2001) to 4.4%-11.0% (2015). Poplar plantations are offering interesting income opportunities only when average timber prices are high, while in all the other cases the investments are at the threshold of economic viability or even negative. The decreased profitability, together with the high variability of potential financial returns, are negatively influencing the attitude towards the investments in poplar plantations. These results are discussed in the light of the recent sectorial public policies. In particular, we focused on the Measures to support plantations of the regional Rural Development Plans, which often proved to be decisive for establishing new plantations and crucial in (de)stabilizing the sector. The lack of a strategic coordination among the northern Italian Regions and the discontinuity of subsidies schemes have contributed to the destabilization of the market.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Plantations, Poplar Cultivation, Financial Analysis, Forest Policy, Rural Development Plans</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (4): 218-230 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2394-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2394-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2394-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Pra A, Pettenella D Articoli Scientifici 2017-08-01 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2394-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Commenti & Prospettive: Gli incendi boschivi stanno cambiando: cambiamo le strategie per governarli http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2537-014 <p><b>Bovio G, Marchetti M, Tonarelli L, Salis M, Vacchiano G, Lovreglio R, Elia M, Fiorucci P, Ascoli D</b></p><p><b>GLI INCENDI BOSCHIVI STANNO CAMBIANDO: CAMBIAMO LE STRATEGIE PER GOVERNARLI</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Forest fires in Italy are changing. More frequent heatwaves and drought increase the flammability of the vegetation; the abandonment of rural land produces 30.000 ha of newly afforested areas each year; and the wildland-urban interface is expanding with the sprawl of urbanized areas. However, forest fires are rarely understood and managed in their complexity. The public opinion is often misinformed on the causes and consequences of fires in the forest. Moreover, fire management relies almost exclusively on extinction and emergency response, resulting in high costs and limited efficacy versus extreme fire seasons. We advocate to increase the role and investments in wildfire prevention, which can be carried out by fuel-oriented silviculture, such as facilitating less flammable species or prescribed burning, in order to reduce the flammability of the vegetation and mitigate fire intensity in high-leverage areas. A centralized structure is necessary to implement such a strategy and coordinate the competences and actions of all local administrations and actors involved.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest Wildfires, Forest Management, Climate Change</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (4): 202-205 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2537-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2537-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2537-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Bovio G, Marchetti M, Tonarelli L, Salis M, Vacchiano G, Lovreglio R, Elia M, Fiorucci P, Ascoli D Commenti & Prospettive 2017-07-19 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2537-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: I Coleotteri Carabidi (Coleoptera, Carabidae) come indicatori di passati interventi selvicolturali in foreste vetuste del Parco Nazionale della Sila (Calabria, Italia) http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2351-014 <p><b>Mazzei A, Gangale C, Laurito M, Luzzi G, Menguzzato G, Pizzolotto R, Scalise C, Uzunov D, Brandmayr P</b></p><p><b>I COLEOTTERI CARABIDI (COLEOPTERA, CARABIDAE) COME INDICATORI DI PASSATI INTERVENTI SELVICOLTURALI IN FORESTE VETUSTE DEL PARCO NAZIONALE DELLA SILA (CALABRIA, ITALIA)</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Old-growth forests are terrestrial ecosystems with the highest level of biodiversity and the main environments for the study of conservation and dynamics of the forest system. In Mediterranean Europe, two millennia of human exploitation deeply altered the structural complexity of the native forests. Some animal groups, including insects, may be used as a proxy of such changes. In this paper we explored the possible effects of forest management on the functional diversity (species traits) of carabid beetle communities. Three old-growth forests of the Sila National Park were sampled by pitfall traps set up in pure beech, beech-silver fir and Calabrian black pine forests. In each forest, five managed vs. five unmanaged stands were considered. Managed sites were exploited until the sixties of the past century and then left unmanaged. More than 6000 carabid specimens belonging to 23 species were collected. The functional diversity in carabid groups is influenced by forest management especially in beech and beech-silver fir stands. Body size, specialized predators, endemic species and forest species were negatively affected by stand management. On the contrary, omnivorous ground beetles populations (or species) with a high dispersal power (macropterous) and large geographic distribution were positively influenced by stand management. In pine forests the old-growth community seems less sensitive to past management and more affected by soil evolution. Soil erosion and disturbance may reduce species diversity of ground beetles. Anyway, the composition of the carabid community shows that 50-60 years of forest restoration are enough for the reconstruction of a fairly diverse assemblage reflecting a “subclimax” situation.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Functional Diversity, Species Traits, Forest Management, Old Growth Forests, Bio-indicators</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (3): 162-174 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2351-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2351-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2351-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Mazzei A, Gangale C, Laurito M, Luzzi G, Menguzzato G, Pizzolotto R, Scalise C, Uzunov D, Brandmayr P Articoli Scientifici 2017-05-15 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2351-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Modelli di stima del volume e delle fitomasse del soprassuolo arboreo delle principali formazioni forestali della Calabria mediante dati LiDAR http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2399-014 <p><b>Scrinzi G, Floris A, Clementel F, Bernardini V, Chianucci F, Greco S, Michelini T, Penasa A, Puletti N, Rizzo M, Turco R, Corona P</b></p><p><b>MODELLI DI STIMA DEL VOLUME E DELLE FITOMASSE DEL SOPRASSUOLO ARBOREO DELLE PRINCIPALI FORMAZIONI FORESTALI DELLA CALABRIA MEDIANTE DATI LIDAR</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Models of stand volume and biomass estimation based on LiDAR data for the main forest types in Calabria (southern Italy). The AlForLab project is part of the Cluster MEA (Materials Energy Environment) addressed to the Calabria Region. Estimating the main dendrometric variables of Calabrian forests using models based on publicly available remote sensed data is one of the main purposes of the project. This paper describes the procedures used to develop several thematic maps (raster and vector) of timber volume and phytomass to be used in planning and management activities at both regional and forest property scale, as well as for felling plans, logging projects etc. We used public LiDAR data at medium-low resolution (1.6 pts m-2), acquired on about 90% of Calabrian territory in the frame of a national remote sensing programme of the Italian Ministry of the Environment. Field data from the second National Forest Inventory (INFC 2005) on 311 sample points were used for model calibration, as well as new field data acquired specifically for AlForLab project on 143 angle count samples. A series of regression models to predict volume and its corresponding aboveground biomass (dry and fresh weight) were developed and digital maps at different spatial resolutions were produced, as well as their estimate uncertainties. These models and their mapping products are also an important part of the new-establishing forest Decision Support System CFOR. The adopted models, though based on the same mathematical equation, have specific coefficients for different species and groups of species, according to a forest type classification system compatible with the fourth level of Corine Land Cover. In this way it is possible to apply the models without accessing more detailed forest type maps. All estimation methods and procedures are consistent with national forest inventory models, and with the other new tools proposed by AlForLab project to estimate timber volume, such as the regional tariffs and the field sampling inventory procedures. R2 adjusted values (for models at the highest typological detail) are between 60% and 85%, whereas uncertainties of timber volume estimate (ESS%) range from 25% (for main forest species) up to 50% (for less spread forest types). All processing steps to produce digital maps were performed on open-source environment (R and QGIS).</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: ALS, LiDAR, Timber Volume, Forest Biomass, Estimation Models, CHM, AlForLab</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (3): 175-187 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2399-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2399-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2399-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Scrinzi G, Floris A, Clementel F, Bernardini V, Chianucci F, Greco S, Michelini T, Penasa A, Puletti N, Rizzo M, Turco R, Corona P Articoli Scientifici 2017-05-15 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2399-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Individuazione e correzione di outlier nei dati raster LiDAR provenienti dal Geoportale Nazionale e produzione di un CHM idoneo alla stima delle provvigioni legnose della Calabria http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2328-014 <p><b>Floris A, Penasa A, Michelini T, Puletti N</b></p><p><b>INDIVIDUAZIONE E CORREZIONE DI OUTLIER NEI DATI RASTER LIDAR PROVENIENTI DAL GEOPORTALE NAZIONALE E PRODUZIONE DI UN CHM IDONEO ALLA STIMA DELLE PROVVIGIONI LEGNOSE DELLA CALABRIA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Detection and correction of LiDAR raster data from the Italian national remote sensing programme and production of a suitable CHM to forest volume estimation in Calabria (southern Italy). The AlForLab project, a Public-Private Laboratory which is part of the Cluster MEA (Materials Energy Environment) addressed to the Calabria Region (southern Italy), has gained great benefit by using LiDAR data acquired in the frame of a national remote sensing programme of the Ministry of the Environment and Protection of Land and Sea. This kind of LiDAR data, distributed in raster format and publicly available for research and non-profit purposes, have proved to be a suitable tool to support forest management. Their usage, however, has required the recognition and correction of non-forest elements included in the Digital Surface Model (DSM), like electric powerlines, wind turbines, sub-vertical rocks and viaducts. Such outliers, if remaining into the Canopy height Model (CHM), can generate potential errors in application of LiDAR-based prediction models. This paper proposes some semi-automatic pre-processing procedures, directly applicable on raster data, in order to obtain a CHM without non-forest elements. The methods described here have been developed in open-source environment (R and QGIS). The correction procedures carried out were tested in three municipalities having forest area between 1700 and 5400 ha, and characterized by different types of outliers. The performances of the methods were evaluated by comparing the estimated forest volume obtained before and after their application. Although low total volume changes were observed on the entire study areas (about 0.5%, corresponding to 1500 to 7200 m3), more significant effects, tens to hundreds cubic meters per hectare of overestimation, can occur in stands or forest compartments with a high presence of outliers. In conclusion, the proposed methods have proved to be suitable to achieve a reliable CHM for forest applications.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Outlier, Timber Volume, Normalized DSM, Canopy Height Model</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (3): 188-201 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2328-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2328-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2328-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Floris A, Penasa A, Michelini T, Puletti N Articoli Scientifici 2017-05-15 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2328-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Editoriali: Eppur si muove! http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0077-014 <p><b>Corona P</b></p><p><b>EPPUR SI MUOVE!</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: The forestry sector in Italy is significantly moving. Perhaps the speed is not the expected and the needed one, especially as regards the public services. On the other hand, although timeliness is an important factor, to establish and maintain political and programmatic targets coordinated on a national level are even more relevant. This editorial offers some evidences and thoughts on the subject.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forestry, Forest Sector, Forest Policy, Italy</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (2): 141-142 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0077-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0077-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0077-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Corona P Editoriali 2017-04-12 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0077-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Servizi ecosistemi delle foreste calabresi: la percezione degli stakeholders http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2219-014 <p><b>Pastorella F, Maesano M, Paletto A, Giacovelli G, Vivona S, Veltri A, Pellicone G, Matteucci G, Scarascia Mugnozza G</b></p><p><b>SERVIZI ECOSISTEMI DELLE FORESTE CALABRESI: LA PERCEZIONE DEGLI STAKEHOLDERS</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: In the last decades, the ecological, economic and social analysis of benefits provided by ecosystem to society has coved a great importance in the scientific international literature. The main studies focuses on three aspects: ecosystem services potential supply, demand and use. The potential supply is defined as the ecosystem biophysical capacity to supply services, while the demand represents the amount of service desired by the society. The third aspect considers the current use of a ecosystem service in order to satisfy the social demand. This study focused on the evaluation of social demand on ecosystem services provided by forests at local level (Calabria region) under the project “ALForLab”. The main objective of the present study is to analyze the stakeholders’ opinions and preferences of forest sector in Calabria Region about relevance of forest ecosystem services and categories of ecosystem services. The study, conducted in four areas (Pollino, Sila, Catena Costiera and Serre Calabre), was structured in three steps: (i) identification and classification of stakeholders (stakeholder analysis); (ii) administration of a questionnaire to the previously identified stakeholders; (iii) statistical analysis of the data collected by questionnaire. Stakeholders’ opinions and preferences were analyzed in order to highlight the differences between study areas and groups of stakeholders. At the end of the stakeholder analysis, 320 stakeholders were identified and contacted, 71 of whom filled in the questionnaire (response rate of 22%). The results show that the two main categories of ecosystem services are the supporting services and regulating services. According to the stakeholders’ opinions the three most important forest ecosystem services are: biodiversity, landscape and hydrogeological protection. Landscape is particularly important because it is strictly linked to the cultural value and social identity of a territory. This survey show that the characteristics and peculiarities of each study area are the main factors that influence the stakeholders’ preferences on single elements of the landscape. In the study areas characterized by a high natural value (Pollino, Sila and Serre Calabre) the stakeholders consider the natural elements of the landscape (forests and water bodies) as the most important, while in the most urbanized study area (Catena Costiera) the anthropic and cultural elements have a key importance. Finally, the stakeholders consider the forest fires, the illegal cuttings and the forest management abandonment the three main important threat factors to forests functionality in Calabria.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Provisioning Services, Regulating Services, Cultural Services, Supporting Services, Stakeholders, Social Preferences, Calabria Region</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (2): 143-161 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2219-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2219-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2219-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Pastorella F, Maesano M, Paletto A, Giacovelli G, Vivona S, Veltri A, Pellicone G, Matteucci G, Scarascia Mugnozza G Articoli Scientifici 2017-04-12 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2219-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Certificazione forestale in Calabria: attitudini, preferenze e disponibilità a pagare delle imprese di seconda trasformazione del legno http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2174-014 <p><b>Paletto A, Notaro S, Pastorella F, Giacovelli G, Giovannelli S, Turco R</b></p><p><b>CERTIFICAZIONE FORESTALE IN CALABRIA: ATTITUDINI, PREFERENZE E DISPONIBILITÀ A PAGARE DELLE IMPRESE DI SECONDA TRASFORMAZIONE DEL LEGNO</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Forest certification was born in the early 90s of the twentieth century in order to protect tropical and sub-tropical forests against a progressive deforestation and degradation. Forest certification is a valuable instrument for environmental protection and a useful tool of green marketing for forest-wood chain enterprises. In the last decades, in developed countries there has been increased consumer awareness of environmental protection and environmentally friendly wood products. This consumers’ attitude is related to the consumers’ willingness to pay a premium price for environmentally friendly wood products. In the international literature, some studies have investigated the consumers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for several certified wood products with different prices, while few studies have analyzed the willingness to pay of manufactures and enterprises of forest-wood chain for certified wood products. In addition, in the international literature there is a knowledge gap concerning the manufactures or consumers’ willingness to pay for local wood products compared to equivalent products from other geographical areas. Starting from these considerations, the main aims of this study are: (1) to analyze the wood manufactures’ willingness to pay a premium price for certified wood products; (2) to investigate the wood manufactures’ attitudes and willingness to pay for regional/local wood products. The study was conducted as part of the “Ambi.Tec.Fil.Legno” project involving 127 manufactures and enterprises of forest-wood chain located in Calabria region. At the end of the questionnaire survey, the information provided by 40 manufactures and enterprises of forest-wood chain were processed and analyzed (response rate 31.5%). The results show that the main factors that influence the purchase decisions of enterprises are the trust in the seller and the durability of the product. Concerning the manufactures’ willingness to pay for certified wood products, 40% of sample of manufactures is willing to pay a premium price with a mean value of 1.55%. A similar percentage of wood manufactures and enterprises (40%) are willing to pay a premium price to purchase local wood material with a mean value equal to 3.25%. The results of this study can support the decision makers in the definition of new strategies to enhance the forest sector in Calabria highlighting the potential benefits of forest certification and use of local wood at regional level.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Sustainable Forest Management, Willingness to Pay, Forest-wood Chain, Wood Manufactures And Enterprises, Calabria Region</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (2): 107-123 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2174-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2174-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2174-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Paletto A, Notaro S, Pastorella F, Giacovelli G, Giovannelli S, Turco R Articoli Scientifici 2017-04-03 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2174-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Valutazione economica delle tecnologie RFID e open source per la tracciabilità del legno in Calabria http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2267-014 <p><b>Sperandio G, Costa C, Figorilli S, Pallottino F, Scrinzi G, Colle G, Proto AR, Macrì G, Antonucci F, Menesatti P</b></p><p><b>VALUTAZIONE ECONOMICA DELLE TECNOLOGIE RFID E OPEN SOURCE PER LA TRACCIABILITÀ DEL LEGNO IN CALABRIA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: The aim of this work was to assess the economic sustainability of the implementation of a wood traceability system in Calabria based on RFID and open source technologies. We identified a break-even point in its implementation under different scenarios in order to highlight the economic sustainability limits, expressed in terms of m3 or tons of processed product. The results showed that the use of RFID technology along the supply chain could lead to an effective operational simplification and to a more efficient use of resources. Based on the average market prices for timber (80-120 € / m3), the implementation of RFID technology led to an increase in timber price by 8% under the worst scenarios. This suggests that the use of open source technologies for wood traceability is already feasible and economically sustainable, as 40% of private companies stated their willingness to pay a premium price (on average 3.25% higher) for purchasing certified local wood products in Calabria. Moreover, we expect a further reduction of tags and hardware costs in the next future, up to half the costs estimated in this work, thus making the application of such technology to timber traceability even more affordable.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Precision Forestry, Traceability, Tag, RFID, Open Source, Economic Sustainability</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (2): 124-134 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2267-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2267-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2267-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Sperandio G, Costa C, Figorilli S, Pallottino F, Scrinzi G, Colle G, Proto AR, Macrì G, Antonucci F, Menesatti P Articoli Scientifici 2017-04-03 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2267-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: CFOR: un sistema di supporto alle decisioni per le foreste in Calabria http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2363-014 <p><b>Puletti N, Floris A, Scrinzi G, Chianucci F, Colle G, Michelini T, Pedot N, Penasa A, Scalercio S, Corona P</b></p><p><b>CFOR: UN SISTEMA DI SUPPORTO ALLE DECISIONI PER LE FORESTE IN CALABRIA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: In this work, a spatial decision support system dedicated to forest management in Calabria (CFOR) is presented. The main aim of the tool is to assess wood production under various harvesting options. All functionalities have been developed by Python and R languages for QGIS. Main inputs are digital models, mainly derived from Lidar, and vector shapefiles.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: SDSS, Geographic Information Systems, Growing Stock, Aboveground Biomass, Forest Management</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (2): 135-140 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2363-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2363-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2363-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Puletti N, Floris A, Scrinzi G, Chianucci F, Colle G, Michelini T, Pedot N, Penasa A, Scalercio S, Corona P Articoli Scientifici 2017-04-03 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2363-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Editoriali: Sulla ricerca forestale nazionale, ovvero cominciamo dai risultati della VQR 2011-2014 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0078-014 <p><b>Marchetti M</b></p><p><b>SULLA RICERCA FORESTALE NAZIONALE, OVVERO COMINCIAMO DAI RISULTATI DELLA VQR 2011-2014</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Starting from the recent issue of the national research evaluation program 2011-2014, the paper discusses results and rankings for the forest sector, both for research institutes and universities in Italy. Having a general look to the different research groups operating in the country, and referring to the institutional situation, rapidly evolving for forests, forestry and wood chains, the most important challenges and aims of the future research topics to be discussed and carried forward are presented.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: ANVUR, Valutazione Qualità della Ricerca, Università ed Enti di Ricerca, AGR 05, AGR 06</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (2): 94-98 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0078-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0078-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0078-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Marchetti M Editoriali 2017-03-28 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0078-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: L’assestamento forestale basato su servizi ecosistemici e pagamenti per servizi ecosistemici: considerazioni a valle del progetto LIFE+ Making Good Natura http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2235-014 <p><b>Gaglioppa P, Guadagno R, Marino D, Marucci A, Palmieri M, Pellegrino D, Schirpke U, Caracausi C</b></p><p><b>L’ASSESTAMENTO FORESTALE BASATO SU SERVIZI ECOSISTEMICI E PAGAMENTI PER SERVIZI ECOSISTEMICI: CONSIDERAZIONI A VALLE DEL PROGETTO LIFE+ MAKING GOOD NATURA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Forests are important for timber production and provide a wide range of ecosystem services (ES), including water provision and regulation, carbon sequestration, erosion control, and recreational services. However, these services, which are crucial for human well-being, are not sufficiently recognised and rarely included into forest planning. The project LIFE+ Making Good Natura aims to develop innovative governance models for agro-forestry sites of the Natura 2000 network based on ES to achieve new possible mechanisms of (self)financing. This paper provides insights into the biophysical and monetary valuation of nine ES, which were quantified for selected Natura 2000 sites in different regions of Italy. Based on our results, Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) are discussed in relation to forest planning and management suggesting a new concept for the forest planning. Management plans should hence integrate different financial flows, not only wood or timber, but also different ES which provide more interesting income.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest Planning, Forest Management Plan, Ecosystem Services, Natura 2000, Payments For Ecosystem Services</p><p><i>Forest@ 14 (2): 99-106 (2017)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor2235-014<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2235-014" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2235-014</a></p><hr size="1"/> Gaglioppa P, Guadagno R, Marino D, Marucci A, Palmieri M, Pellegrino D, Schirpke U, Caracausi C Articoli Scientifici 2017-03-28 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor2235-014 Copyright (c) 2019, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved