Forest@ - Rivista di Selvicoltura ed Ecologia Forestale http://www.sisef.it/forest@/ Ultimi lavori pubblicati Copyright (c) 2004-2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved it http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss PHP 5.3.1 editorial.staff@sisef.org (Gabriele Bucci) editorial.staff@sisef.org (Gabriele Bucci) 60 Forest@ Web Site http://www.sisef.it/images/common/link_forest@.png http://www.sisef.it/iforest/ Articoli Scientifici: Stato ed evoluzione temporale della composizione chimica delle deposizioni atmosferiche nelle aree forestali della rete CONECOFOR http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1003-011 <p><b>Marchetto A, Arisci S, Tartari GA, Balestrini R, Tait D</b></p><p><b>STATO ED EVOLUZIONE TEMPORALE DELLA COMPOSIZIONE CHIMICA DELLE DEPOSIZIONI ATMOSFERICHE NELLE AREE FORESTALI DELLA RETE CONECOFOR</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Current state and temporal evolution of the chemical composition of atmospheric depositions in forest areas of the CONECOFOR network. Since 1997, atmospheric deposition was sampled and analyzed in the permanent plots of the Italian network for the evaluation of forest health (CONECOFOR), under the coordination of the Italian Forest Service. This paper presents the results of the activity carried out in 2009, when the EU-funded LIFE+ “FutMon” project allowed to extend the sampling network to 22 sites. Long-term trends will also be evaluated for the sampling sites with the longest time series. The sampling of open field bulk deposition was performed in a clearance close to the CONECOFOR permanent plots, while throughfall deposition and stemflow (in beech stand, only) were sampled in the plot. Deposition samples were collected weekly and sent to the laboratories, where they were analyzed for pH, conductivity, major ions, and total carbon and nitrogen. Most measured variables showed a strong geographical gradient. For example, nitrogen deposition was relatively high in the Po plain (where the emissions of nitrogen oxides and ammonia are the highest) and surrounding hills, reaching 10-20 kgN ha-1 y-1 in the open field and 13-25 kgN ha-1 y-1 in the throughfall. Sulphate deposition also showed a marked geographical gradient. Deposition of marine aerosol also had an important impact on the chemical composition of atmospheric deposition in Italy, together with the episodic deposition of Saharan dust, which showed a marked gradient, with highest values in the southernmost plots. Trend analysis was carried out on 10 sites running since the beginning of the program. A general negative trend in sulphate concentration was detected, paralleled in most plots by a positive trend in deposition pH, in good agreement with the strong reduction in the emission of sulphur dioxide recorded in the last decades. Nitrogen concentration also showed a significant decrease in some plots. The total deposition of nitrogen exceeded critical loads in seven permanent plots.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forests, Atmospheric Deposition, Nitrogen, Trend, Sulphate</p><p><i>Forest@ 0 (0): 72-85 ()</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1003-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1003-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1003-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Marchetto A, Arisci S, Tartari GA, Balestrini R, Tait D Articoli Scientifici 2014-04-22 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1003-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Recensioni: Un bel libro di zoologia forestale http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0092-011 <p><b>Fanti P</b></p><p><b>UN BEL LIBRO DI ZOOLOGIA FORESTALE</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: (n/a)</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: (n/a)</p><p><i>Forest@ 0 (0): 102-103 ()</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0092-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0092-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0092-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Fanti P Recensioni 2014-04-22 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0092-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Futmon-mobile: una piattaforma informatica di mobile GIS e web-database per i rilievi fito-sanitari nel progetto FutMon http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1023-011 <p><b>Colle G, Floris A, Scrinzi G, Clementel F</b></p><p><b>FUTMON-MOBILE: UNA PIATTAFORMA INFORMATICA DI MOBILE GIS E WEB-DATABASE PER I RILIEVI FITO-SANITARI NEL PROGETTO FUTMON</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Futmon-mobile: a mobile-GIS and web-database platform to assist phyto-patological survey of the Futmon project. The ICP-Forest ConEcoFor project has involved for more than a decade several Italian Forest Service teams in the phyto-patological monitoring of forests. The high number of survey plots, the multitude of data to be acquired and the yearly repetition of the ConEcoFor survey brought to the decision to manage the complete monitoring data-flow thorough a computer-based information system. The aim of this sub-task of the FutMon LIFE+07 project has been to optimize the survey management, the data-flow execution and the data control and analysis through the development of specific software applications. This work describes the Futmon-Mobile GIS software developed to assist the field survey of phyto-patological forest data and the Futmon-WebDB web-database developed to acquire the data from the field crews, to aggregate all the plots data and to perform the pre-processing for data submission to the european ICP-Forest database. This paper refers also on the experiences and evaluations about the introduction of the developed software in the survey protocol and some perspectives related to its possible evolution.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest Monitoring, Phyto-patological Monitoring, Mobile-GIS, Web-database, GPS, Futmon, ICP-Forest</p><p><i>Forest@ 0 (0): 45-51 ()</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1023-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1023-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1023-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Colle G, Floris A, Scrinzi G, Clementel F Articoli Scientifici 2014-04-18 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1023-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Dinamiche evolutive in boschi cedui di betulla (Betula aetnensis Rafin) nel Monte Etna (Sicilia) http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1191-011 <p><b>Bagnato S, La Piana V, Mercurio R, Merlino A, Scarfò F, Sciascia N, Solano F, Spampinato G</b></p><p><b>DINAMICHE EVOLUTIVE IN BOSCHI CEDUI DI BETULLA (BETULA AETNENSIS RAFIN) NEL MONTE ETNA (SICILIA)</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Evolutionary dynamics of birch (Betula aetnensis Rafin) coppices on the Mount Etna (Sicily). The aim of this paper is to evaluate the dynamics of Etna birch stands (Betula aetnensis Rafin) following the cessation of silvicultural activities in the Etna Regional Park (Sicily). We investigated forest structure, natural regeneration, vegetation and deadwood in different forest types. Our findings highlighted three different dynamics for birch populations: stable birch stands in the high mountain area which might represent an edapho-climax forest; progressive dynamic birch stands in the intermediate mountain area, showing a gradual depletion of birch and a concomitant replacement with monospecific stands (calabrian pine, beech, oaks) or mixed ones (with birch); pure birch stands (typical) that tend to be regressive - especially under stressful conditions - and to be replaced by xerophilous grasslands. Following the cessation of coppicing and with stand ageing, the stumps transformation into more homogeneous stand structures have been increasing. Within the context of protected areas the restoration of coppice selection system (with appropriate adaptations) could help to maintain the traditional forest landscape, acting as a silvicultural technique with low environmental and landscape impact.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Betula Aetnensis, Mount Etna, Vegetation Dynamics, Coppice Selection System, Forest Restoration</p><p><i>Forest@ 0 (0): 52-65 ()</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1191-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1191-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1191-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Bagnato S, La Piana V, Mercurio R, Merlino A, Scarfò F, Sciascia N, Solano F, Spampinato G Articoli Scientifici 2014-04-18 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1191-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Rapporti Tecnici: La realizzazione della carta delle formazioni naturali e semi-naturali e della carta forestale su basi tipologiche della regione Lazio http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1204-011 <p><b>Chirici G, Fattori C, Cutolo N, Tufano M, Corona P, Barbati A, Blasi C, Copiz R, Rossi L, Biscontini D, Ribera A, Morgante L, Marchetti M</b></p><p><b>LA REALIZZAZIONE DELLA CARTA DELLE FORMAZIONI NATURALI E SEMI-NATURALI E DELLA CARTA FORESTALE SU BASI TIPOLOGICHE DELLA REGIONE LAZIO</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Map of the natural and semi-natural environments and forest types map for the Latium region (Italy). The paper presents the main methodological aspects and the most important results achieved in the implementation of the “Map of natural and semi-natural environments” and of the “Forest types map” in Lazio region at a scale of 1:10.000. The project was carried out for the Agenzia dei Parchi and for the Area Foreste of Regione Lazio through a collaboration between e-GEOS , the University of Rome "La Sapienza", the University of Tuscia and Forestlab Centre , a spin- off of the University of Molise . The project is based on the integrated use of high-resolution satellite imagery and ADS40 false-color infrared digital orthophotos and led to the creation of two maps geometrically and thematically consistent with each other. The “Map of natural and semi-natural environments” is integrated with the pre-existing land use map of the Lazio region deepening the thematic detail up to the 6th Corine level. The “Forest types map” is based on a typological system organized in 17 categories and 36 forest types .</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest Map, Land Use Map, Lazio Region, ADS40, Segmentation</p><p><i>Forest@ 0 (0): 65-71 ()</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1204-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1204-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1204-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Chirici G, Fattori C, Cutolo N, Tufano M, Corona P, Barbati A, Blasi C, Copiz R, Rossi L, Biscontini D, Ribera A, Morgante L, Marchetti M Rapporti Tecnici 2014-04-18 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1204-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Errori nella stima degli incrementi di volume in alberi forestali http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1182-011 <p><b>Magnani F, Raddi S</b></p><p><b>ERRORI NELLA STIMA DEGLI INCREMENTI DI VOLUME IN ALBERI FORESTALI</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Periodic tree and stand increments are often estimated retrospectively from measurements of diameter and height growth of standing trees, through the application of various simplifications of the general formula for volume increment rates. In particular, the Hellrigl method and its various formulations have been often suggested in Italy. Like other retrospective approaches, the Hellrigl method is affected by a systematic error, resulting from the assumption as a reference term of conditions at one of the extremes of the period considered. The magnitude of the error introduced by different formulations has been assessed in the present study through their application to mensurational and increment measurements from the detailed growth analysis of 107 Picea abies trees. Results are compared with those obtained with a new equation, which makes reference to the interval mid-point. The newly proposed method makes it possible to drastically reduce the error in the estimate of periodic tree increments, and especially its systematic component. This appears of particular relevance for stand- and national level applications.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Growth, Growth Analysis, Model, Percentage Increment, Picea abies</p><p><i>Forest@ 11 (2): 38-44 (2014)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1182-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1182-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1182-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Magnani F, Raddi S Articoli Scientifici 2014-02-26 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1182-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Analisi storica e modellizzazione della dinamica del carbonio in foresta attraverso il Carbon Budget Model: un esempio per la Provincia Autonoma di Trento http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1138-011 <p><b>Pilli R, Grassi G, Cescatti A</b></p><p><b>ANALISI STORICA E MODELLIZZAZIONE DELLA DINAMICA DEL CARBONIO IN FORESTA ATTRAVERSO IL CARBON BUDGET MODEL: UN ESEMPIO PER LA PROVINCIA AUTONOMA DI TRENTO</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Historical analysis and modeling of the forest carbon dynamics using the Carbon Budget Model: an example for the Trento Province (NE, Italy). The Carbon Budget Model (CBM-CFS3) developed by the Canadian Forest Service was applied to data collected by the last Italian National Forest Inventory (INFC) for the Trento Province (NE, Italy). CBM was modified and adapted to the different management types (i.e., even-aged high forests, uneven-aged high forests and coppices) and silvicultural systems (including clear cuts, single tree selection systems and thinning) applied in this province. The aim of this study was to provide an example of down-scaling of this model from a national to a regional scale, providing (i) an historical analysis, from 1995 to 2011, and (ii) a projection, from 2012 to 2020, of the forest biomass and the carbon stock evolution. The analysis was based on the harvest rate reported by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (from 1995 to 2011), corrected according to the last INFC data and distinguished between timber and fuel woods and between conifers and broadleaves. Since 2012, we applied a constant harvest rate, equal to about 1300 Mm3 yr-1, estimated from the average harvest rate for the period 2006-2011. Model results were consistent with similar data reported in the literature. The average biomass C stock was 90 Mg C ha-1 and the biomass C stock change was 0.97 Mg C ha-1 yr-1 and 0.87 Mg C ha-1 yr-1, for the period 1995 -2011 and 2012-2020, respectively. The C stock cumulated by the timber products since 1995 was 96 Gg C yr-1, i.e., about 28% of the average annual C stock change of the forests, equal to 345 Gg C yr-1. CBM also provided estimates on the evolution of the age class distribution of the even-aged forests and on the C stock of the DOM forest pools (litter, dead wood and soil). This study demonstrates the utility of CBM to provide estimates at a regional or local scale, using not only the data provided by the forest inventories, but also by forest management plans.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Gestione Forestale, Utilizzazioni, Carbon Budget Model, INFC, Provincia di Trento</p><p><i>Forest@ 11 (2): 13-28 (2014)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1138-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1138-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1138-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Pilli R, Grassi G, Cescatti A Articoli Scientifici 2014-02-25 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1138-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Monitoraggio estensivo delle foreste italiane: integrazione tra Inventario Forestale Nazionale e Rete europea di Livello I http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1017-011 <p><b>Gasparini P, Di Cosmo L, Paletto A, Rizzo M, Saba Presutti E</b></p><p><b>MONITORAGGIO ESTENSIVO DELLE FORESTE ITALIANE: INTEGRAZIONE TRA INVENTARIO FORESTALE NAZIONALE E RETE EUROPEA DI LIVELLO I</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Extensive monitoring of Italian forests: integration of the National Forest Inventory with the European Network of Level I. Forest monitoring is important for enhancing our knowledge on such ecosystems and their changes in order to enable actions helpful for their protection. At the European level, several monitoring programmes are carried out at present to pursue a better knowledge of specific characteristics of forests. Among those, national forest inventories are carried out to give a picture of their status (forest area, forest types, timber volume, growth and others), whereas health status of forests has been monitored over twenty years thanks to a specific programme, the ICP Forests. Under LIFE+ programme 2007, the FutMon project funded country-level studies aiming at evaluating the possibility to merge national forest inventory and Level I sample plots in a unique set of plots for forest monitoring and survey protocol. The underlying idea is that a common set of plots would enhance efficiency either in terms of costs or in terms of scientific results. However, an important issue is to preserve the validity of the twenty-years-long existing data series. For this reason in Italy, in 2009 and 2010, an experiment was carried out by measuring a common set of variables both in the Level I plots and in a subset of the inventory plots, in order to evaluate differences and similarities of surveying variables in the two different plot samples. More specifically, the integration between the two programmes would imply a change in the crown-condition sample-trees selection criteria and the shift of the Level I network to the inventory one. On the basis of the results, from 2012 the National Forest Inventory protocol for sample-trees selection has already been adopted on the Level I plots, whereas the feasibility of shifting the Level I plots from the ICP network to the National Forest Inventory one is still under evaluation.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest Monitoring, Forest Inventory, Forest Crown Condition, ICP Forests Level I, Italian Forests</p><p><i>Forest@ 11 (2): 29-37 (2014)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1017-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1017-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1017-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Gasparini P, Di Cosmo L, Paletto A, Rizzo M, Saba Presutti E Articoli Scientifici 2014-02-25 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1017-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Recensioni: La tecnica del fuoco prescritto http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor094-011 <p><b>Leone V</b></p><p><b>LA TECNICA DEL FUOCO PRESCRITTO</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Nella collana “Scienza e innovazione per i sistemi forestali ed ambientali” della Editrice Aracne è stato recentemente pubblicato il volume “La tecnica del fuoco prescritto” a cura di G. Bovio e D. Ascoli dell’Università di Torino.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Wildfire, Prescribed Burning, Fire Smart Landscape Management, Piedmont</p><p><i>Forest@ 11 (2): 1-2 (2014)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor094-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor094-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor094-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Leone V Recensioni 2014-02-07 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor094-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Rapporti di Progetto: Il monitoraggio dei boschi italiani http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1013-011 <p><b>Pompei E</b></p><p><b>IL MONITORAGGIO DEI BOSCHI ITALIANI</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Long-term monitoring of the Italian forests. The long-term monitoring is an essential tool for the study of the state of health of European forest ecosystems over time, especially in relation to the adaptation strategies adopted in response to changes in climate. In 2008, at the European level, there was a need to review the various existing monitoring networks in the various States in order to plan an integration and a more rational use of the information from each detected. The Project for the integration of monitoring networks was carried out using the instrument of the European LIFE+ funding. The fundamental objective of the project was the renovation and expansion of the main European Networks Monitoring of Forests, improving its representativeness, effectiveness and harmonization between them. In addition, in the period 2009/2010 was carried out the extensive and intensive monitoring of forest ecosystems in Europe. The project, approved and co-financed by the European Commission, has been coordinated at the international level by Johann Heinrich von Thunen-Institute, Germany, and saw the participation of 24 EU member states and 38 partners.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest Monitoring, Forest Health, LIFE+ Project, Forest Ecosystems</p><p><i>Forest@ 11 (2): 3-7 (2014)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1013-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1013-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1013-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Pompei E Rapporti di Progetto 2014-02-07 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1013-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Rapporti di Progetto: Le condizioni dei boschi in Italia. Risultati dalle indagini estensive di Livello I (1997-2010) http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1005-011 <p><b>Bussotti F, Cenni E, Bettini D, Sarti C, Stergulc F, Feducci M, Capretti P</b></p><p><b>LE CONDIZIONI DEI BOSCHI IN ITALIA. RISULTATI DALLE INDAGINI ESTENSIVE DI LIVELLO I (1997-2010)</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: The conditions of forests in Italy. Results from the extensive surveys of Level I (1997-2010). Monitoring of tree crown defoliation is carried out in Italy since the ’80, and in 1996 a comprehensive program of quality assurance has been implemented. Currently the monitoring network includes about 260 permanent plots and 7000 sample trees. The most representative tree species are: Fagus sylvatica (European beech), Quercus pubescens (downy oak), Quercus cerris (Turkey oak), Quercus ilex (holm oah), Castanea sativa (chestnut), Ostrya carpinifolia (hop hornbeam), Picea abies (spruce), Larix decidua (larch), Pinus nigra (black pine) e Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine). These species represent the 80% of the whole sample, but only European beech is evenly distributed in Italy. The most important trends at national level concern the critical sanitary conditions of Castanea sativa and Quercus pubescens, as well as the high defoliation levels of Pinus sylvestris. The importance of this program in the context of climate change studies is discussed.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: CON.ECO.FOR., Crown Conditions, Defoliation, Level I</p><p><i>Forest@ 11 (2): 8-12 (2014)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1005-011<br/><a href="http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1005-011" target="_blank">http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1005-011</a></p><hr size="1"/> Bussotti F, Cenni E, Bettini D, Sarti C, Stergulc F, Feducci M, Capretti P Rapporti di Progetto 2014-02-07 http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor1005-011 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved