Forest@ - Rivista di Selvicoltura ed Ecologia Forestale Ultimi lavori pubblicati Copyright (c) 2004-2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved it PHP 5.3.1 (Gabriele Bucci) (Gabriele Bucci) 60 Forest@ Web Site Articoli Scientifici: Germinazione dei semi e sopravvivenza dei semenzali di leccio (Quercus ilex L.) in interventi finalizzati alla rinaturalizzazione delle pinete di pino d’Aleppo (Pinus halepensis Mill.) dell’isola di Pianosa (Arcipelago Toscano, L <p><b>Giunti M, Foggi B</b></p><p><b>GERMINAZIONE DEI SEMI E SOPRAVVIVENZA DEI SEMENZALI DI LECCIO (QUERCUS ILEX L.) IN INTERVENTI FINALIZZATI ALLA RINATURALIZZAZIONE DELLE PINETE DI PINO D’ALEPPO (PINUS HALEPENSIS MILL.) DELL’ISOLA DI PIANOSA (ARCIPELAGO TOSCANO, L</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Interventions aimed at promoting Quercus ilex spread in the Island of Pianosa (Tuscan Archipelago National Park) have been carried out within LIFE Nature Project “Tuscan Islands: new actions for sea birds and habitats”. In Pinus halepensis stands from afforestation, 810 acorns have been sown in 9 areas under the pine canopy with different presence of Mediterranean scrub. Germination and seedlings survival, five years after sowing, have been very satisfactory only in areas with a dense shrub layer.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Quercus ilex, Pinus halepensis, Renaturalization, Germination, Tuscan Archipelago</p><p><i>Forest@ 0 (0): 172-182 ()</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1053-011<br/><a href="" target="_blank"></a></p><hr size="1"/> Giunti M, Foggi B Articoli Scientifici 2014-09-16 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Editoriali: Un ricordo del Professor Antonio Moroni <p><b>Menozzi P</b></p><p><b>UN RICORDO DEL PROFESSOR ANTONIO MORONI</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Antonio Moroni, 89, Emeritus Professor in the University of Parma, died on August 18th. He had a major role in shaping the last 60 years of Italian research in Environmental Science and was very active in establishing the conceptual basis for Environmental Management in Italy. A Catholic priest, he had a natural gift for communicating a positive approach to life.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Ecology, Environmental Sciences, Obituary</p><p><i>Forest@ 0 (0): 170-171 ()</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0090-011<br/><a href="" target="_blank"></a></p><hr size="1"/> Menozzi P Editoriali 2014-09-11 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Recensioni: Un libro “dalla parte del fuoco” <p><b>Lovreglio R</b></p><p><b>UN LIBRO “DALLA PARTE DEL FUOCO”</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Le Edizioni Il Maestrale ha pubblicato il libro di Giuseppe Delogu “Dalla parte del fuoco. Ovvero il paradosso di Bambi” che tratta di diversi aspetti del problema partendo dall’ancora e attuale equivoco della differenza tra fuoco e incendio.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest Fire, Piroclimax, Fireprone</p><p><i>Forest@ 0 (0): 168-169 ()</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor0091-011<br/><a href="" target="_blank"></a></p><hr size="1"/> Lovreglio R Recensioni 2014-08-31 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Mitigazione del pericolo incendi nelle aree di interfaccia urbano/foresta: un esempio di selvicoltura preventiva in Sardegna <p><b>Lovreglio R, Danna E, Mou G</b></p><p><b>MITIGAZIONE DEL PERICOLO INCENDI NELLE AREE DI INTERFACCIA URBANO/FORESTA: UN ESEMPIO DI SELVICOLTURA PREVENTIVA IN SARDEGNA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Wildfires at the wildland/urban interface (WUI) areas have recently taken on alarming dimensions, and most of the catastrophic wildfires in recent years are of this type (Greece 2003 and 2007, Italy, 2007; Australia, 2009; Spain 2003, 2007, 2012). Contrastingly to forest stands, where fuel has to be managed also taking into consideration stand conservation and improvement purposes, in WUI fuel management has the imperative goal of the protection of property and people. The present paper deals with the implementation of a methodology for assessing fire hazard in a WUI area in Sardinia, and assess the most appropriate prevention silvicultural practices to be applied to mitigate the hazard (i.e., the probability of fire occurrence and the difficulty to extinguish it, based on the current vegetation characteristics). We applied a method aimed at defining a “danger value” for each fuel model found in the study area, and derived the silvicultural practices to be applied for the reduction of fuel and the associated risk. The effects of silvicultural prevention were assessed for each fuel model in the study area in terms of flame length and fire intensity for the pre-, during and post phases.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Preventive Sylviculture, Conversion, Hazard, Intensity, Flame Length</p><p><i>Forest@ 0 (0): 156-167 ()</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1187-011<br/><a href="" target="_blank"></a></p><hr size="1"/> Lovreglio R, Danna E, Mou G Articoli Scientifici 2014-07-10 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Verso una stima della mortalità individuale e degli incrementi netti dei boschi italiani. Quale margine di sostenibilità per la gestione forestale in Italia? <p><b>Magnani F, Raddi S</b></p><p><b>VERSO UNA STIMA DELLA MORTALITÀ INDIVIDUALE E DEGLI INCREMENTI NETTI DEI BOSCHI ITALIANI. QUALE MARGINE DI SOSTENIBILITÀ PER LA GESTIONE FORESTALE IN ITALIA?</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Towards an assessment of tree mortality and net annual increments in Italian forests. Which sustainability for the Italian forestry? Sustainable forest management requires that fellings do not exceed increments in the medium term, once natural mortality is taken into account. Here we propose an assessment of the relevance of tree mortality in stands not regularly thinned, as prevailing in Italian forests. The amount of small-scale mortality losses is often neglected and cannot be directly estimated from available inventory data. From literature sources and using two alternative approaches, mortality losses could amount to 31.1-36.2% of gross annual increments. Fellings would therefore remove 57.7-62.6% of net annual increments of Italian forests, well above what often reported and not far away from the EU15 average. This new estimate confirms the overall sustainability of Italian forestry on a national level, but highlights the need for careful planning in the future use of forest biomass, a strategic renewable resource.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Forest, Natural Mortality, Fellings, Sustainable Forest Management, Forest Inventory</p><p><i>Forest@ 11 (3): 138-148 (2014)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1235-011<br/><a href="" target="_blank"></a></p><hr size="1"/> Magnani F, Raddi S Articoli Scientifici 2014-06-17 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Commenti & Prospettive: Osservazioni su alcune incertezze e incongruenze nella terminologia dendrometrica <p><b>De Mas G, Hellrigl B</b></p><p><b>OSSERVAZIONI SU ALCUNE INCERTEZZE E INCONGRUENZE NELLA TERMINOLOGIA DENDROMETRICA</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: In the italian forestry literature, the adjective “cormometric” combined with the noun volume or its equivalent, is used with three different meanings which are respectively linked to the stem, to the trunk or large timber. To find the origins and also the reasons for these different meanings of the term, we need to go back in history. The first definition is by Alfonso Di Berenger first director of the Vallombrosa Forest, the first seat of higher Forestry education in Italy between 1869 and 1951. He defined cormometric the volume of the “legname sociale” (industrial timber), or the trunk. Follows the definition of Vittorio Perona that, in the wake of the German concept of Derbholz, considers cormometric volume as including also portions of branches above seven centimeters. Giuseppe Di Tella, Professor of forest mensurations and forest management in Florence between 1916 and 1937 is the author of a large general volume table for fir where the cormometric volume is defined as the “stem including the top”, but also, following the doctrine, as a measure expressing the volume of the part of the stem that can provide wood for building or industry. Subsequently, with the definitions of the Professors Generoso Patrone and Guglielmo Giordano confirming the doctrinal meaning of Di Tella, the sense of the term remains unchanged. In 1986 Hellrigl called cormometric mass, the aboveground woody tree mass limited to trunk and limbs to be determined; however, this definition did not find any application. Alternative definitions by Roberto Del Favero and Orazio La Marca consider cormometric volume including top and cormometric volume excluding top. In the forest literature, instead, there were more changes in 2007, when the Forestry Research Portal published a notation regarding cubing of forest stands, stating “in the cubing of forest stands, woody volume estimated for conifers is, in general, cormometric (i.e., volume of the stem including bark)” which gave rise to the present note. Alongside, and again in connection with the meaning of the term cormometric, certain combinations of terminology reported in two multilingual glossaries of IUFRO are highlighted.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Stem Volume, Derbholz, Cormometric Volume</p><p><i>Forest@ 11 (3): 149-155 (2014)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1208-011<br/><a href="" target="_blank"></a></p><hr size="1"/> De Mas G, Hellrigl B Commenti & Prospettive 2014-06-17 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Analisi percettiva della Gestione Forestale Sostenibile (GFS) attraverso l’impiego delle mappe cognitive <p><b>Paletto A, De Meo I, Di Salvatore U, Ferretti F</b></p><p><b>ANALISI PERCETTIVA DELLA GESTIONE FORESTALE SOSTENIBILE (GFS) ATTRAVERSO L’IMPIEGO DELLE MAPPE COGNITIVE</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Perceptive analysis of the Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) through the cognitive maps. SFM is the current paradigm in forest management. This paradigm has mixed the principles of multifunctionality with the concept of sustainable development. Despite the association between SFM and public participation, the sustainable management of forest resource can be achieved from the technical point of view both with a top-down approach, where a low number of social actors are involved in the decision making process, and a bottom-up approach, where the number of social actors and interests is broad. Following this second approach, a preliminary stage is the construction of the scenario perceived (mapping of stakeholders and analysis of the hierarchy of preferences and interests). This analysis, achieved through the construction of individual and collective cognitive maps, improves the cognitive framework and supports the facilitator in the decision making process. The cognitive maps of the stakeholders are the starting point of the participatory forest management. The paper focuses on the implementation of a method, based on the cognitive maps, aimed to identify and analyse the perception and the hierarchy of interests of the stakeholders with respect to the SFM. The method was tested in a case study characterized by rural vocation where the primary sector has a key role from both social and economic point of views (Alto Matese, Molise Region).</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Sustainable Forest Management (SFM), Social Perception, Stakeholders, Cognitive Maps, Matese</p><p><i>Forest@ 11 (3): 125-137 (2014)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1245-011<br/><a href="" target="_blank"></a></p><hr size="1"/> Paletto A, De Meo I, Di Salvatore U, Ferretti F Articoli Scientifici 2014-06-10 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Articoli Scientifici: Impatto degli ungulati selvatici sui boschi cedui della Val di Bisenzio (Prato) <p><b>Bianchi L, Bartoli L, Paci M, Pozzi D</b></p><p><b>IMPATTO DEGLI UNGULATI SELVATICI SUI BOSCHI CEDUI DELLA VAL DI BISENZIO (PRATO)</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Similar to other Apennine areas, a considerable increase of wild ungulate density has been observed in the past decades in the Bisenzio valley (province of Prato), leading to a strong impact on coppice regeneration. In some felling areas, the prolonged browsing on young suckers turned the stumps into low and dense bushes, thus threatening the survival of the forest stand and triggering a loss of environmental stability. The aim of this work was to study the impact of deer on sprout regeneration after cutting in mixed coppices felled in the period 2007-2010 and characterized by the dominance of chestnut, hornbeam, Turkey oak, and beech. Some 36 plots were established in four municipal districts of the Prato province (Cantagallo, Vernio, Montemurlo, Vaiano). Damage and browsing intensity on each stump were evaluated using an index that allowed the comparison among different areas and fores stand types. Regardless of the species, over 90% of the sprouts revealed a very strong damage, whereas only 6% did not exhibit any damage. A significant difference in the sprout height was detected between browsed and non-browsed areas. Despite a high incidence of damage in all the studied areas, chestnut showed a greater resilience against browsing. In summary, overgrazing by wild game may determine severe contraints to the evolutionary dynamics of forest stands, frustrating the effects of silvicultural practices. The possible benefits of the implementation of a large-scale integrated wildlife plan, including hunting and forest-evironmental management are discussed.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Coppice, Wild Ungulate Damage, Forest Dynamics, Silviculture, Sustainable Management</p><p><i>Forest@ 11 (3): 116-124 (2014)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1259-011<br/><a href="" target="_blank"></a></p><hr size="1"/> Bianchi L, Bartoli L, Paci M, Pozzi D Articoli Scientifici 2014-06-09 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved Comunicazioni Brevi: Primi dati su fenologia e distribuzione in Italia di Thaumastocoris peregrinus Carpintero and Dellapé (Heteroptera: Thaumastocoridae), la cimicetta della bronzatura dell’eucalipto <p><b>Sasso R, Mughini G, Laudonia S</b></p><p><b>PRIMI DATI SU FENOLOGIA E DISTRIBUZIONE IN ITALIA DI THAUMASTOCORIS PEREGRINUS CARPINTERO AND DELLAPÉ (HETEROPTERA: THAUMASTOCORIDAE), LA CIMICETTA DELLA BRONZATURA DELL’EUCALIPTO</b></p><p><b>Abstract</b>: Phenology and distribution of Italian populations of Thaumastocoris peregrinus Carpintero and Dellapé (Heteroptera: Thaumastocoridae). Thaumastocoris peregrinus Carpintero & Dellapè (Heteroptera: Thaumastocoridae) was detected for the first time in Italy in September 2011, on several Eucalyptus species and hybrids. This pest, native of Australia, was the first species of the family Thaumastocoridae found in Europe. In this paper we report data on its current distribution in Italy, where the species is present in Lazio, Campania and Tuscany. Phenological studies allowed to detect the presence of eggs, preimaginal stages and peaks of the flight of the adults. No diapausing stage were detected.</p><p><b>Keywords</b>: Bronze Bug, Eucalyptus spp., Invasive Species, Biology, Natural Enemies</p><p><i>Forest@ 11 (3): 105-115 (2014)</i> - doi: 10.3832/efor1184-011<br/><a href="" target="_blank"></a></p><hr size="1"/> Sasso R, Mughini G, Laudonia S Comunicazioni Brevi 2014-06-06 Copyright (c) 2014, Italian Society of Silviculture an Forest Ecology. All rights reserved